- 大阪外国語大学論集 (ISSN:09166637)
- vol.23, pp.123-139, 2000-09-29
In understanding any given major historical event, it is of crucial significance to know an ideation system behind it as well as material conditions. The same is true with Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1 979. Islam is often said to influence almost every aspect of believers' lives, with its very base being religion. There is no denying that the process of the afore-mentioned revolution had been in one sense or another influenced by Islamic value system. Shaykh Mortaza Motahhari, who had been well-known as a prolific writer and orator before and during the revolution and above all a disciple of Khomeini, must have been one of the figures worthy of special description. ln this article, present author will scrutinise his interpreatation of divine justice (theodicy) and try to find its meaning in modern history. According to Motahhari, Godhead always exists as the very base of world order, in which every created thing has divine cause for its existence. In the human world, we observe inequality, discrimination, evils, etc. This ostensibly being so, however, even these negative aspects of human society (e.g. defects, ugliness, death, etc.), he insists, are divine creations, which have positive meanings in His order. ln this respect, even death is no exception. Motahhari tries to analyse the concept of divine justice ('adl-e elahi) and find a positive meaning of ideation system of Islam, by means of which he prepared the way to the success of Revolution.