著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.19-35, 2016-03-25

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck’s ‘sub-politics’, this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government’s decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
no.22, pp.19-35, 2016

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck's 'sub-politics', this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government's decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, pp.3-19, 2016-09-30

Soon after two cervical cancer vaccines were introduced in 2009 in Japan, their severe adverse drug reactions (ADR) were recognized, which put the vaccines' safety and efficacy in question. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck's ‘individualization’, this paper examines the decision-making process of those who chose these vaccines and suffered from severe ADR. It also looks at how they took responsibility for their choices, revealing the fact that the sufferers of ADR were surrounded by aggressive marketing campaigns and vaccine support organizations, economic measures such as free inoculations, and the powerful effects of intermediate groups (school, family, local community and so on). This paper argues that the choice of these vaccines showed that individualization in Japan is uneven because of a gap between subjective individualization and objective individualization, which makes individual decision making difficult.