著者
山村 高淑
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.145-164, 2008-11-28

This paper is a survey of how the town of Washimiya became the "sacred place" for anime fans ever since fans from all around the country rushed to visit the town after it was used as a setting for the animation "Lucky Star", leading also to the town successfully holding two events for these fans. The following three points were discussed. 1)The process leading up to the town becoming a "sacred place". 2)The process leading up to the town welcoming tourists. 3)The roles of tourist related corporations outside the town. As a result, it was found that in each process the local commerce and industry association played a central role. It was also found that with the town's commerce and industry association at the core, a local shrine, local shops, fans, and corporations from outside the region (copyright owners and a tourist agency) were able to build a relationship of mutual benefit as a backdrop to the current success.
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.19-35, 2016-03-25

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck’s ‘sub-politics’, this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government’s decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
市原 攝子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
no.22, pp.19-35, 2016

In Japan, two cervical cancer vaccines were approved and implemented in 2009. The severe adverse drug reaction (ADR) of these vaccines, however, was later recognized, and consequently Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare stopped recommending them in 2013. Using the concept of Ulrich Beck's 'sub-politics', this paper argues that in promoting the vaccines the pharmaceutical industry as sub-political power, failed to provide the health benefit of reducing the risk of cervical cancer, but succeeded in achieving an economic benefit for itself. Due to its highly academic nature, the sub-politics of pharmaceutical industry has constructed a power that affects the government's decisions on new drugs. Moreover, the pharmaceutical sub-politics evaded any responsibility for the ADR of cervical cancer vaccines because of the risk-free environment that it had created for itself. Overall this paper contends that the pharmaceutical sub-political power is unaccountable and profit-oriented.
著者
堀田 真紀子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, pp.3-27, 2009-03-25

In the post-industrial world creativity becomes more and more important: Richard Florida points out the dawn of the "creative economy"; furthermore, Joseph Pine II and James Gilmore point out that every business should be as original as a drama, if it wants to avoid being involved in a price competition. Do all these mean that the idea of an avant-garde artist, "Everyone is an artist," has in twenty years finally been realized in the practical world such as in economy and management? In this interdisciplinary study I try to answer this question, which also contributes to reevaluation and actualization of Beuys' thought. The focus of the matter is his definition of creativity as a liberating force which encourages us to determine ourselves and codetermine the society. Based on this definition "creative economy" can't to be truly creative as long as profit making incentive on the managing side has more priority than the pursuit of quality and self-realization of the workers.
著者
玄 武岩 張 慶在 金 春玉
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
no.15, pp.57-77, 2012

The aim of this paper is to examine the 'ideal image of family' of Japan, Korea and China through analyzing Japanese animation Chibi Maruko-chan. Recently, various genres of Japanese animations are popular worldwide. Especially, so called Home Anime which describes everyday life in Japan is widely accepted in East Asia. Although their stories are based on Japanese settings, which are often unfamiliar to the foreign audience, Home Animes such as Sazae-san, Crayon Shin-chan and Chibi Maruko-chan enjoy great popularity in Asia, especially in China and South Korea. The paper clarifies the reason behind the popularity of this kind of animations, focusing on the image of family through literature review, text analyzing and questionnaire survey of Chibi Maruko-chan.
著者
玄 武岩
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.25-47, 2014-03-18

This paper examines the transnational space of popular culture and cultural identities in Korea that formed in the process of the public acceptance of Japanese Animation (Anime), one of few fields officially allowed in the postwar period during which Japanese popular culture was forbidden. Particularly, in analyzing anime-songs aired in Korea between the 1960s and the 2000s and in observing the process of their historical evolvement, critical points for arguing the flow of popular culture between Japan and Korea as it relates to media culture and identity emerge. The research first reconstitutes the cultural relationship between postwar Japan and Korea, as reflected in the acceptance of Anime and historic changes in South Korean identities in the above period, according to the ideal type “Anime-Song Community.” Then, the research employs a comprehensive approach incorporating diverse perspectives of industrial and historical content flow, consumption, and identity to examine the way in which media practice constitutes that field. By thus considering from an overall perspective what kind of socio-cultural dynamics are revealed through changes in the style of acceptance of “Anime-Songs” shared between both countries, we should be able to comprehend the transition of cultural identity amidst young Korean generations.
著者
山村 高淑
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
no.7, pp.145-164, 2008
被引用文献数
1 or 0

This paper is a survey of how the town of Washimiya became the "sacred place" for anime fans ever since fans from all around the country rushed to visit the town after it was used as a setting for the animation "Lucky Star", leading also to the town successfully holding two events for these fans. The following three points were discussed. 1)The process leading up to the town becoming a "sacred place". 2)The process leading up to the town welcoming tourists. 3)The roles of tourist related corporations outside the town. As a result, it was found that in each process the local commerce and industry association played a central role. It was also found that withthe town's commerce and industry association at the core, a local shrine, local shops, fans, and corporations from outside the region (copyright owners and a tourist agency) were able to build a relationship of mutual benefit as a backdrop to the current success.
著者
玄 武岩 張 慶在 金 春玉 丁 暁婷 李 亜妤 王 瑩珞
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.57-77, 2012-09-20

The aim of this paper is to examine the 'ideal image of family' of Japan, Korea and China through analyzing Japanese animation Chibi Maruko-chan. Recently, various genres of Japanese animations are popular worldwide. Especially, so called Home Anime which describes everyday life in Japan is widely accepted in East Asia. Although their stories are based on Japanese settings, which are often unfamiliar to the foreign audience, Home Animes such as Sazae-san, Crayon Shin-chan and Chibi Maruko-chan enjoy great popularity in Asia, especially in China and South Korea. The paper clarifies the reason behind the popularity of this kind of animations, focusing on the image of family through literature review, text analyzing and questionnaire survey of Chibi Maruko-chan.
著者
高橋 道子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.6, pp.113-134, 2008-03-21

Nowadays civil society in Japan is in the midst of a great transformation at a time when 'publicness', which used to belong to the authorities, should now involve those whom are concerned with administrative and fiscal reforms. Consequently, people in local communities have growing commitments to participate in policymaking directly, in a so-called 'partnership'. Furthermore, there is a growing interest in how the authorities should reform their environmental, welfare, and urban development policies at the regional level. It is certain that decision-making should depend on how well the residents of the local district facilitate consensus-building efforts among themselves. Prior to accomplishing agreement, mutual understanding is called for by means of communication in the local community. This is the reason why I discuss the theoretical possibilities of the Chonaikai (neighborhood association) within the framework of civil public sphere (Harbermas 1973), that is described as a communication space in order to present an ideal model of the Chonaikai. I argue that the ideal model should be considered as a voluntary association, in which the people establish agendas relevant to self-evident 'living', some of which might result in the raising of political issues in civil society by means of intersubjective communication.
著者
王 梓安
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, pp.75-93, 2016-03-25

China has made a series of cultural policies after 2000 as a result of the ever-increasing popularity of overseas cartoons in order to boost domestic cultural industrialization development. Therefore, revitalizing domestic cartoon industry has become national culture strategy. The dissertation, through real cases, analyses the decisionmaking process of The Central Committee of the Communist Party, State Council and the Ministry of Culture. It is found out that the cartoon policies are subject to the Chinese political authority mechanism and they are closely related to each other. The dissertation points out that the Chinese authority mechanism not only stabilizes the release of cartoon policy but also limits it.
著者
平 侑子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, pp.3-20, 2015-09-15

This research will demonstrate how animals were seen as spectacles in the Edo period and continue to influence today's modern zoos. Zoos have four main purposes: conservation, education, science and recreation. Interestingly, little attention has been given to the function of zoos as places of ‘recreation.’ The recent, growing trend has been concerned with the effects of education on visitors. In order to thoroughly understand the aspects of ‘recreation,’ this paper will focus on the spectacle side of animal attraction. This investigation considers that even before the establishment of the first Japanese zoo, people have enjoyed animal recreation. Accordingly, I hope to present fundamental ideas in support of how these recreational elements remain embedded in modern Japanese zoos. I will do this by referring to academic articles, newspapers and magazines.
著者
堀田 真紀子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.27-106, 2013-10-25

Nowtopians are inventors and improvisational spirits who bring an artistic approach to important tasks that are ignored or undervalued by market society. Their exploration of work locates an important thread of self-emancipatory class politics beyond the traditional arena of wage-labor in capitalism.
著者
Thomson Robert Ito Naoya
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, pp.3-22, 2012-03-15

Previous studies have shown clear cultural differences in how Japanese and American social network site (SNS) users interract with differing SNS platforms (see Barker and Ota, 2011; Fogg and Iizawa, 2008; Takahashi, 2010). In this study of 131 Japanese SNS users who use both Facebook and Mixi, self-disclosure, numbers of contacts, in-group numbers, and levels of perceived commitment on Mixi and Facebook were measured. The study found that such users showed a lower level of self-disclosure, connected with fewer people and had fewer categories of contacts, and felt a higher degree of commitment on Mixi than on Facebook. It is suggested that these differences stem from differing responses to percieved relational mobility on each platform; Mixi being a socioecological environment which reflects low-relationally mobile Japanese society, and Facebook being a socioecological environment which reflects high relationally mobile North American social environments. (141/150)
著者
斉藤 巧弥
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, pp.21-38, 2017-03-24

This paper aims to analyze reports on keikan in the Yomiuri Shimbun and the Asahi Shimbun, and shed light on how the discourse of keikan changed from the 1870s to the 1910s. Keikan means anal sex primarily between males and was illegal in Japan from 1872 to 1881. The word first appeared in the two newspapers in the 1870s and disappeared in the 1910s. In these forty years, two periods are identified through the distinct patterns that the newspapers showed: 1875-1901 and 1905-1914. In the first period, keikan was associated with violence, crime, and intimate relationships. In the second period, keikan was described as “a problem of delinquent students”, and was counted as one of their wrongdoings. The change of discourse is explained by the characteristics of the newspapers, and the multilayered nature of discourse.
著者
平 侑子 張 慶在
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, pp.49-68, 2014-03-18

The aim of this paper is to clarify mechanisms of TV programs’ “Cross-border” by classifying patterns of “modification”. Recently, Japanese Comics, games and TV dramas are crossing the border to different countries. When programs are cross-border, various factors are modified because of political, religion and cultural reasons. To understand such changes would be meaningful not only to understand exchanging TV programs but also to understand mechanisms of cross-border culture. This paper focuses on adoption process of Japanese TV series of “Super-sentai series” in Korea. First, significances and limitations of concept around cross-border of TV programs were reviewed. Then, this paper analyzes the characteristics of Super-sentai series to extract significant elements of it. And then, this paper summarizes brief history of adopting “Super-sentai series” in Korea. Finally, the paper clarifies mechanisms of “cross-border” by various model of adoption including “Power ranger Captain Force show”
著者
邱 慧鳴
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, pp.47-64, 2013-03-20

Chuan Yue Xiao Shuo appeared in Chinesewebsite in the late of 1990's as a popular fun fiction on the internet, which described how modern women go back to the ancient times and search for their truelove. When Chuan Yue Xiao Shuo began to attract a wider readership, it also attracted the attention of literary critics. But it turned out that it is difficult to define even the concept of Chuan Yue Xiao Shuo. By focusing on the function and the structure of Chuan Yue Xiao Shuo, we may make clear the nature of Chuan Yue Xiao Shuo as narrative today.
著者
金山 準
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.25-44, 2009-09-01

The aim of this article is to reconsider the relation between bios (the cultural and social life) and zoe (the biological life), dealing with the political thoughts of Antonio Gramsci. As is well known, his major interest is the cultural power ruling in the civil society. The notion of "hegemony" has had a great influence over the social sciences of the 20th century. But he also devotes a large part of the Prison Notebooks to researching the changes of the biological life in the industrial society (drinking, sexual instinct, etc.). I will reexamine the relation between these two major regions of his thoughts as a form of "individualization".
著者
土田 映子
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.17, pp.13-25, 2013-10-25

This paper examines how the ideology of technological utopianism was represented in Chicago's Century of Progress Exposition (1933-34), and how much and in what ways the city's immigrant groups that took part in the fair were involved in the fair's predominant ideology that celebrated technological progress. At the fair, the diverse national groups competed against each other in the displays of their contributions to America and their achievements in technology. While Western nations generally had something to boast about their technological achievements, non- Western nations mostly lacked them, and instead resorted to the displays of traditional culture and exoticism. For visitors to the fair, this dichotomy may have offered a world view that divided nations into those that were deemed capable of using the power of technology in order to work toward a perfect society, and those left out from that process.
著者
北村 倫夫 石田 宰 渡辺 謙仁 李 在栄
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.99-118, 2012-09-20

This study was aimed at proposing a strategy for promoting Science and Technology Tourism (STT) in Hokkaido, and was based on the case study for about thirty examples in Japan and foreign countries. By definition, STT is "the tourism aiming at learning about science and technology by seeing, hearing and experiencing." Although STT has been recognized as an important domain of tourism in foreign countries, it has not been right in Japan. However, as people's concern about science and technology is increasing in recent years, STT is playing a more important role in Japan and also in Hokkaido. The conditions for a success of STT in Hokkaido are having fundamentally three functions which consist of an exhibition function, a knowledge exchange function, and a participating experience function. Moreover, realization of the "economies of scale in tourism," effective use of unique natural resources, use of advanced science institutions, organizing of science tours, training of science communicators, cooperation with school education, etc. are also desirable conditions to make STT successful.
著者
伊藤 直哉
出版者
北海道大学大学院国際広報メディア・観光学院 = Graduate School of International Media, Communication, and Tourism Studies, Hokkaido University
雑誌
国際広報メディア・観光学ジャーナル
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.23-56, 2012-09-20

Studies of risk perception in this paper help the judgments people make when they are asked to operate communications of PR and advertisement after the Japanese disaster. This paper also provides a basis for understanding and anticipating public responses to disaster, and improving the risk communication, how people think about and respond to risk. This work tries to describe and investigate media access, media evaluation and trust, structure of impression and risk perception by general consumers in three countries Korea, Taiwan and China after the Great East Japan Earthquake in 11 March 2001. The risk structures of this paper suggest why Korean reception was negative and Taiwanese positive. This structure shows Chinese reception was a fusion of these two countries as well.