- 女性学評論 = Women's studies forum
- vol.20, pp.115-137, 2006-03-31
Since the sixties of the 20th century the social movements and studies of Feminism have spread throughout the world. In recent years the theories and practices of Queer appear and are in the spotlight. Against the background of these social phenomena, Judith Butler and Momoko Nakamura have studied 'Language, Gender and Power' on the frame of reference of Michel Foucault, Pierre Bourdieu, Critical Discoure Analysis and so on. In the first chapter of this paper, I survey the theories of cultural reproduction and habitus of Bourdieu. From the nineties of the 20th century Japnese sociologists, including Takashi Miyajima, have applied these thoeries to Japanese society and culture. After survey working, in the second chapter I intend to reconsider and arrange the genealogical studies of sexuality (sexualite) of Foucault and Butler. And in the third chapter I deal with Butler's criticism of the theories of Bourieu in her work "Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative" (1997). Butler estimates the merit of the genealogical works of Foucault, while she critically comments on the theories of cultural reproduction, habitus and symbolic power in sociology of Bourdieu.