著者
Mayumi Matsuda Kuroda Nobuaki Iwasaki Kenichi Yoshikawa Ryoko Takeuchi Yuki Mataki Tomohiro Nakayama Junko Nakayama Haruka Ohguro Kayo Tokeji Hirotaka Mutsuzaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220050, 2022 (Released:2022-09-15)
参考文献数
29

Background: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) improves the motor function of paralyzed upper limbs of adults after stroke. However, in patients with severe spastic cerebral palsy (CP), the use of CIMT is not warranted. Our aim was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of repetitive voluntary-assisted upper limb training (VAUT) for three patients with severe CP using a combination of robotics [Hybrid Assistive Limb (HAL)] and functional electrical stimulation [Integrated Volitional Control Electrical Stimulation (IVES)].Case: Three patients with CP were enrolled. Patients 1, 2, and 3 were 8-, 19-, and 18-year-old males, respectively. Patient 1 had spastic hemiplegia, while patients 2 and 3 had spastic quadriplegia. VAUT using single-joint HAL was performed for 1 or 2 sessions/month for 50 min/session over an 8-month period for 9–13 sessions in total. One patient’s voluntary hand movement was insufficient, affecting his upper limb exercise performance; therefore, IVES was required in addition to HAL. Outcome measures included motor function of the upper limbs and use of paralyzed hands, which were measured before and after intervention. No adverse events were observed during VAUT. After intervention, the Action Research Arm Test scores showed improvements in all three patients. The Children’s Hand-use Experience Questionnaire showed improvements in two patients.Discussion: The use of VAUT, together with new systems such as HAL and IVES, for severe CP is safe and may be effective. Our study suggested that upper limb function can be improved for patients with severe CP.
著者
Yuichiro Soma Hirotaka Mutsuzaki Tomokazu Yoshioka Shigeki Kubota Yukiyo Shimizu Akihiro Kanamori Masashi Yamazaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.20220036, 2022 (Released:2022-07-21)
参考文献数
26

Objectives: To achieve better outcomes, neuromuscular and biomechanical factors should be considered in rehabilitation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. In this study, we investigated the feasibility and safety of a wearable exoskeleton robot suit [known as the single-joint hybrid assistive limb (HAL-SJ)] and whether knee training using this device could improve functional outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.Methods: HAL-SJ-assisted knee extension and flexion exercises were commenced in 11 patients 18 weeks after reconstruction; exercises were performed once a week for three weeks at a frequency of five sets of ten repetitions. Patients were monitored for HAL-SJ-related adverse events. Physical evaluations were conducted before and after HAL-SJ training. Surface electromyography of the quadriceps and hamstring muscles was performed in 4 of the 11 patients during each session and the muscle co-contraction index was calculated.Results: The peak muscle torque was higher at all velocities after HAL-SJ training. The active range of motion significantly increased in both extension and flexion, and the range of motion in passive flexion significantly increased. The Tegner Activity Scale and Lysholm Knee Questionnaire scores also significantly increased after knee HAL training. The muscle co-contraction index during extension tended to be lower after HAL-SJ training. No adverse events were observed.Conclusions: The findings of this study indicate the feasibility and safety of HAL-SJ training as a neuromuscular rehabilitation tool after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. The knee HAL-SJ training may have contributed to these results from a neurophysiological perspective by lowering the co-contraction of knee muscles, which would correct impairment of the antagonistic or synergistic muscles.
著者
Ryo Yoshida Kazuhide Tomita Kenta Kawamura Yukako Setaka Nobuhisa Ishii Masahiko Monma Hirotaka Mutsuzaki Masafumi Mizukami Hirotaka Ohse Shigeyuki Imura
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.2, pp.153-157, 2021 (Released:2021-02-13)
参考文献数
16

[Purpose] The respiratory function in patients with cervical spinal cord injury is influenced by inspiratory intercostal muscle function. However, inspiratory intercostal muscle activity has not been conclusively evaluated. We evaluated the inspiratory intercostal muscle activity in patients with cervical spinal cord injury by using inspiratory intercostal electromyography, respiratory inductance plethysmography, and ultrasonography. [Participants and Methods] Three patients with cervical spinal cord injury were assessed. The change in mean amplitude (rest vs. maximum inspiration) was calculated by using intercostal muscle electromyography. Changes in intercostal muscle thickness (resting expiration and maximum inspiration) were also evaluated on ultrasonography. The waveform was converted to spirometry ventilation with respiratory inductance plethysmography, and the waveform at the xiphoid was considered to determine the rib cage volume. Each index was compared with the inspiratory capacities in each case. [Results] Intercostal muscle electromyography failed to measure the notable myoelectric potential in all the patients. The rib cage volume was higher at higher inspiratory capacities. The changes in muscle thickness were not significantly different between the patients. [Conclusion] The rib cage volume (measured with inductance plethysmography) was greater in the patients with cervical spinal cord injury when inspiratory intercostal muscle activity was high. Respiratory inductance plethysmography can capture inspiratory intercostal muscle function in patients with cervical spinal cord injury.
著者
Ryoko Takeuchi Hirotaka Mutsuzaki Yuki Mataki Hiroshi Kamada
出版者
THE JAPANESE ASSOCIATION OF RURAL MEDICINE
雑誌
Journal of Rural Medicine (ISSN:1880487X)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.4, pp.164-169, 2020 (Released:2020-10-01)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
2

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the age at which scoliosis progresses to a severe condition and identify the factors related to severe scoliosis in patients with cerebral palsy.Patients and Methods: This retrospective study included 51 patients aged ≥15 years. The Cobb angle was measured over time using radiographs. Patients were divided into the following groups according to their final Cobb angle: <60°, 60°–100°, and ≥100°. The age at which the Cobb angle was ≥20° in the patients was compared among the groups. Moreover, the age at which a significant difference in the Cobb angle occurred in the groups was considered the age at which the scoliosis worsened. Association of the final Cobb angle with factors such as the location of curve, Gross Motor Functional Classification System (GMFCS), capability of turning over, orthosis use, hip dislocation, tracheotomy, and gastric fistula was examined.Results: The mean age at which the Cobb angle was ≥20° was significantly lower in the ≥100° group. From 9 years of age, a significant difference was noted in the Cobb angle between the <60° group and ≥100° group. Between 13–19 years, a significant difference in the Cobb angle was observed among the three groups. Furthermore, GMFCS, capability of turning over, hip dislocation, and gastric fistula were the factors showing a significant difference among the three groups.Conclusion: Scoliosis progressed to the severe form (Cobb angle ≥100°) at 9 years of age. Moreover, scoliosis is aggravated during the growth period. Severe cerebral palsy with low motor function levels and problems with internal functions was considered the cause of scoliosis deterioration.
著者
Yusuke Endo Hirotaka Mutsuzaki Masafumi Mizukami Kenichi Yoshikawa Yasuto Kobayashi Arito Yozu Yuki Mataki Shogo Nakagawa Nobuaki Iwasaki Masashi Yamazaki
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.9, pp.1206-1210, 2018 (Released:2018-09-04)
参考文献数
12
被引用文献数
4

[Purpose] The hybrid assistive limb was developed to improve the kinematics and muscle activity in patients with neurological and orthopedic conditions. The purpose of the present study was to examine the long-term sustained effect of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb on gait stability, kinematics, and muscle activity by preventing knee collapse in a patient with cerebral palsy. [Participant and Methods] A 17 year-old male with cerebral palsy performed gait training with a hybrid assistive limb 12 times in 4 weeks. After completion of 12 sessions of hybrid assistive limb training, monthly follow-up was conducted for 8 months. The improvement was assessed on the basis of joint angle and muscle activity during gait. [Results] The degree of knee collapse observed at baseline was improved at 8-month follow-up. Regarding muscle activity, electromyography revealed increased activation of the vastus lateralis at 8-month follow-up. Moreover, the hip and knee angles were expanded during gait. In particular, the knee extension angle at heel contact was increased at 8 months after follow-up. [Conclusion] Gait training with a hybrid assistive limb provided improvement of gait stability such as kinematics and muscle activity in a patient with cerebral palsy. The improved gait stability through prevention of knee collapse achieved with hybrid assistive limb training sustained for 8 months.
著者
Kazushi Takahashi Hirotaka Mutsuzaki Yuki Mataki Kenichi Yoshikawa Mayumi Matsuda Keiko Enomoto Kumiko Sano Aoi Kubota Masafumi Mizukami Nobuaki Iwasaki Masashi Yamazaki
出版者
The Society of Physical Therapy Science
雑誌
Journal of Physical Therapy Science (ISSN:09155287)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.8, pp.1009-1013, 2018 (Released:2018-07-24)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
12

[Purpose] This study aimed to determine the safety and immediate effect of a single training session with the Hybrid Assistive Limb (CYBERDYNE) on walking ability in patients with cerebral palsy. [Participants and Methods] This study included 20 patients with cerebral palsy (15 males, 5 females, mean age 15.0 ± 6.3 years; 19 with spastic cerebral palsy, 1 with athetoid cerebral palsy; Gross Motor Function Classification System level I: 4, II: 3, III: 9, and IV: 4). Participants completed a single 20-minute gait training session using the Hybrid Assistive Limb. The safety and immediate effect were evaluated. The immediate outcomes were gait speed and mean step length, and cadence before and after training. [Results] Two participants were excluded because they were not tall enough to use the Hybrid Assistive Limb. Eighteen participants performed the training. There were no serious adverse events during the training. Since 14 participants were able to walk on their own, walking evaluations were performed before and after training. Statistically significant improvements were observed in gait speed and mean step length. [Conclusion] Gait training using the Hybrid Assistive Limb is safe for patients with cerebral palsy and can produce immediate effects on walking ability in ambulatory patients with cerebral palsy.