- Japan Epidemiological Association
- Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
- pp.JE20220235, (Released:2023-05-06)
Background: Many epidemiological studies have investigated dietary intake of antioxidant vitamins in relation to prostate cancer risk in Western countries, but the results are inconsistent. However, few studies have reported this relationship in Asian countries.Methods: We investigated the association between intake of vitamins, including lycopene, α-carotene, β-carotene, vitamin C, vitamin E, with prostate cancer risk in the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective (JPHC) study. 40,720 men without history of cancer finished the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and were included in the study. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of prostate cancer risk were calculated according to the quintiles of energy-adjusted intake of vitamins using Cox models.Results: After an average of 15.2 years (617,599 person-years in total) of follow-up, 1,386 cases of prostate cancer were identified, including 944 localized cases and 340 advanced cases. No associations were observed in consumption of antioxidant vitamins, including α-carotene, β-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E, and prostate cancer risk. Although higher lycopene intake was associated with increased risk of prostate cancer (HR for the highest versus the lowest, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.04–1.47; P for trend=0.01), there was a null association of lycopene intake with risk of prostate cancer detected by subjective symptoms (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 0.79–1.58; P for trend=0.11).Conclusions: Our study suggested no association between antioxidant intake of vitamins and prostate cancer risk.