著者
Kosuke Kiyohara Tomohiko Sakai Chika Nishiyama Tatsuya Nishiuchi Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Iwami Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20160179, (Released:2017-10-28)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
13

Background: Japanese rice cake (“mochi”) is a major cause of food-choking accidents in Japan. However, the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) due to suffocation caused by rice cakes is poorly understood.Methods: OHCA data from 2005 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based OHCA registry in Osaka Prefecture. Patients aged ≥20 years who experienced OHCA caused by suffocation that occurred before the arrival of emergency-medical-service (EMS) personnel were included. Patient characteristics, prehospital interventions, and outcomes were compared based on the cause of suffocation (rice cake and non-rice-cake). The primary outcome was 1-month survival after OHCA.Results: In total, 46 911 adult OHCAs were observed during the study period. Of the OHCAs, 7.0% (3,294/46,911) were due to suffocation, with choking due to rice cake as the cause in 9.5% of cases (314/3,294), and of these, 24.5% (77/314) occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. In crude analysis, 1-month survival was 17.2% (54/314) in those with suffocation caused by rice cake and 13.4% (400/2,980) in those with suffocation due to other causes. In the multivariable analysis for all-cause suffocation, younger age, arrest witnessed by bystanders, and earlier EMS response time were significantly related to better 1-month survival.Conclusion: Approximately 10% of OHCAs due to suffocation were caused by rice-cake choking, and 25% of these occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. Further efforts for establishing preventive measures as well as improving the early recognition of choking and encouraging bystanders to call EMS sooner are needed.
著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0618, (Released:2019-03-08)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
10

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuri Kitamura Rong Liu Emiko Ando Tomotaka Sobue Yumi Sugawara Keitaro Matsuo Tomio Nakayama Ichiro Tsuji Hidemi Ito Takaichiro Suzuki Kota Katanoda Suketami Tominaga
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.4, pp.757-766, 2019-03-25 (Released:2019-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
5 10

Background: Coffee, which contains various bioactive compounds, is one of the most popular beverages. Further accumulation of evidence is needed, however, to confirm whether coffee consumption would be effective in preventing cardiovascular disease in the general Japanese population. Methods and Results: We evaluated the association between coffee consumption frequency (never, sometimes, 1–2 cups/day, 3–4 cups/day and ≥5 cups/day) and mortality from all causes, heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease, in 39,685 men and 43,124 women aged 40–79 years at baseline, in a 3-prefecture cohort study. The coffee consumption frequency was assessed on questionnaire. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling was used to assess the association between coffee consumption frequency and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality with adjustment for potential confounders. During 411,341 and 472,433 person-years in men and women, respectively, a total of 7,955 men and 5,725 women died. Coffee consumption frequency was inversely associated with all-cause mortality in both genders (P for trend<0.001). In addition, the risks of mortality from cerebrovascular disease in men (P for trend<0.001), and heart disease in women (P for trend=0.031) were inversely associated with coffee consumption. Conclusions: In this Japanese population, coffee drinking has a preventive effect on all-cause and on cardiovascular mortality in men and/or women.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Morikawa Satoshi Hattori Kosuke Kiyohara Tasuku Matsuyama Junichi Izawa Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.212-218, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
3

Background:It is commonly believed that a full moon affects human behavior or the occurrence and outcome of various diseases; thus, the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) might increase during full moon nights.Methods and Results:This nationwide, population-based observational study consecutively enrolled OHCA patients in Japan with attempted resuscitation between 2005 and 2016. The primary outcome measure was the occurrence of OHCA. Based on the double-control method, assuming Poisson sampling, we evaluated the average number of OHCA events that occurred on full moon nights compared with that which occurred on control nights, which included events that occurred on the same calendar days 1 week before and after the full moon nights. A total of 29,552 OHCA that occurred on 148 full moon nights and 58,707 OHCA that occurred on 296 control nights were eligible for analysis. The occurrence of OHCA did not differ between full moon and control nights (199.7 vs. 198.3 per night; relative risk [RR], 1.007; 95% CI: 0.993–1.021). On subgroup analysis, compared with control nights, the RR of OHCA occurrence were 1.013 (95% CI: 0.994–1.032, P=0.166) and 0.998 (95% CI: 0.977–1.020, P=0.866) for cardiac and non-cardiac origins, respectively.Conclusions:In this population, there was no significant difference in OHCA occurrence between full moon and control nights.
著者
Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Iwami Tetsuhisa Kitamura Tatsuya Nishiuchi Kentaro Kajino Tomohiko Sakai Chika Nishiyama Masahiko Nitta Atsushi Hiraide Tatsuro Kai
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.7, pp.1639-1645, 2012 (Released:2012-06-25)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
51 82

Background: The effectiveness of epinephrine administration for cardiac arrests has been shown in animal models, but the clinical effect is still controversial. Methods and Results: A prospective, population-based, observational study in Osaka involved consecutive out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients from January 2007 through December 2009. We evaluated the outcomes among adult non-traumatic bystander-witnessed OHCA patients for whom the local protocol directed the emergency medical service personnel to administer epinephrine. After stratifying by first documented cardiac rhythm, outcomes were compared among the following groups: non-administration, ≤10, 11-20 and ≥21min as the time from emergency call to epinephrine administration. A total of 3,161 patients were eligible for our analyses, among whom 1,013 (32.0%) actually received epinephrine. The epinephrine group had a significantly lower rate of neurologically intact 1-month survival than the non-epinephrine group (4.1% vs. 6.1%, P=0.028). In cases of ventricular fibrillation (VF) arrest, patients in the early epinephrine group who received epinephrine administration within 10min had a significantly higher rate of neurologically intact 1-month survival compared with the non-epinephrine group (66.7% vs. 24.9%), though other epinephrine groups did not. In cases of non-VF arrest, the rate of neurologically intact 1-month survival was low, irrespective of epinephrine administration. Conclusions: The effectiveness of epinephrine after OHCA depends on the time of administration. When epinephrine is administered in the early phase, there is an improvement in neurological outcome from OHCA with VF.  (Circ J 2012; 76: 1639–1645)
著者
Yohei Okada Sho Komukai Tetsuhisa Kitamura Takeyuki Kiguchi Taro Irisawa Tomoki Yamada Kazuhisa Yoshiya Changhwi Park Tetsuro Nishimura Takuya Ishibe Yoshiki Yagi Masafumi Kishimoto Toshiya Inoue Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Sogabe Takaya Morooka Haruko Sakamoto Keitaro Suzuki Fumiko Nakamura Tasuku Matsuyama Norihiro Nishioka Daisuke Kobayashi Satoshi Matsui Atsushi Hirayama Satoshi Yoshimura Shunsuke Kimata Takeshi Shimazu Shigeru Ohtsuru Taku Iwami
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-21-0675, (Released:2021-11-02)
参考文献数
52
被引用文献数
1

Background:The hypothesis of this study is that latent class analysis could identify the subphenotypes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients associated with the outcomes and allow us to explore heterogeneity in the effects of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR).Methods and Results:This study was a retrospective analysis of a multicenter prospective observational study (CRITICAL study) of OHCA patients. It included adult OHCA patients with initial shockable rhythm. Patients from 2012 to 2016 (development dataset) were included in the latent class analysis, and those from 2017 (validation dataset) were included for evaluation. The association between subphenotypes and outcomes was investigated. Further, the heterogeneity of the association between ECPR implementation and outcomes was explored. In the study results, a total of 920 patients were included for latent class analysis. Three subphenotypes (Groups 1, 2, and 3) were identified, mainly characterized by the distribution of partial pressure of O2(PO2), partial pressure of CO2(PCO2) value of blood gas assessment, cardiac rhythm on hospital arrival, and estimated glomerular filtration rate. The 30-day survival outcomes were varied across the groups: 15.7% in Group 1; 30.7% in Group 2; and 85.9% in Group 3. Further, the association between ECPR and 30-day survival outcomes by subphenotype groups in the development dataset was as varied. These results were validated using the validation dataset.Conclusions:The latent class analysis identified 3 subphenotypes with different survival outcomes and potential heterogeneity in the effects of ECPR.
著者
Kosuke Kiyohara Tomohiko Sakai Chika Nishiyama Tatsuya Nishiuchi Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Iwami Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.28, no.2, pp.67-74, 2018-02-05 (Released:2018-02-05)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
9 13

Background: Japanese rice cake (“mochi”) is a major cause of food-choking accidents in Japan. However, the epidemiology of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) due to suffocation caused by rice cakes is poorly understood.Methods: OHCA data from 2005 to 2012 were obtained from the population-based OHCA registry in Osaka Prefecture. Patients aged ≥20 years who experienced OHCA caused by suffocation that occurred before the arrival of emergency-medical-service (EMS) personnel were included. Patient characteristics, prehospital interventions, and outcomes were compared based on the cause of suffocation (rice cake and non-rice-cake). The primary outcome was 1-month survival after OHCA.Results: In total, 46 911 adult OHCAs were observed during the study period. Of the OHCAs, 7.0% (3,294/46,911) were due to suffocation, with choking due to rice cake as the cause in 9.5% of cases (314/3,294), and of these, 24.5% (77/314) occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. In crude analysis, 1-month survival was 17.2% (54/314) in those with suffocation caused by rice cake and 13.4% (400/2,980) in those with suffocation due to other causes. In the multivariable analysis for all-cause suffocation, younger age, arrest witnessed by bystanders, and earlier EMS response time were significantly related to better 1-month survival.Conclusion: Approximately 10% of OHCAs due to suffocation were caused by rice-cake choking, and 25% of these occurred during the first 3 days of the New Year. Further efforts for establishing preventive measures as well as improving the early recognition of choking and encouraging bystanders to call EMS sooner are needed.
著者
Masahiko Hara Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yuichiro Murakawa Kyosuke Shimba Shimpei Yamaguchi Masatake Tamaki
出版者
The Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Medicine
雑誌
Progress in Rehabilitation Medicine (ISSN:24321354)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, pp.20180016, 2018 (Released:2018-10-24)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
11

Objective: The ability to walk is one of the most important basic functional activities of daily living, and the number of patients with walking disability who need rehabilitation is increasing worldwide. The purpose of this first-in-man study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of an off-label, tailor-made, dual-task rehabilitation program for body trunk balance using the mediVR01 system (mediVR, Inc. Osaka, Japan), which incorporates virtual reality (VR) and three-dimensional tracking technologies. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 31 healthy volunteers to take part in the trial (Trial Registration UMIN000029659). After an assessment of body trunk balance, a tailor-made, dual-task, rehabilitation training program lasting 10–15 min was provided. The primary endpoint was the postprocedural number of simulator sickness questionnaire (SSQ) symptoms. The secondary endpoints were adverse events and satisfaction with the program. Results: The median age of participants was 68 years, with 67.7% being elderly (>65 years) and 54.8% being male. The number of SSQ symptoms immediately after the rehabilitation programs significantly increased from 0 (interquartile range 0–0) to 0 (0–1.5) (P=0.009), with a significant difference between the young and elderly participants (P-interaction<0.001). The most frequent symptom was sweating (22.6%), followed by fatigue (19.4%). All participants successfully completed the rehabilitation programs without significant adverse events such as fall or injuries. Moreover, all participants considered the VR rehabilitation programs to be enjoyable, and 93.5% of participants reported a sense of achievement. Group attendance was associated with higher levels of satisfaction (P=0.049). Conclusion: The tailor-made, dual-task rehabilitation training programs for body trunk balance using VR and three-dimensional tracking technologies were safe and feasible even for elderly participants.
著者
Satoshi Yoshimura Atsushi Hirayama Takeyuki Kiguchi Taro Irisawa Tomoki Yamada Kazuhisa Yoshiya Changhwi Park Tetsuro Nishimura Takuya Ishibe Yoshiki Yagi Masafumi Kishimoto Toshiya Inoue Yasuyuki Hayashi Taku Sogabe Takaya Morooka Haruko Sakamoto Keitaro Suzuki Fumiko Nakamura Tasuku Matsuyama Yohei Okada Norihiro Nishioka Daisuke Kobayashi Satoshi Matsui Shunsuke Kimata Takeshi Shimazu Tetsuhisa Kitamura Taku Iwami on behalf of the CRITICAL Study Group Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-1022, (Released:2021-02-02)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
3

Background:The aim of our study was to investigate in detail the temporal trends in in-hospital characteristics, actual management, and survival, including neurological status, among adult out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in recent years.Methods and Results:From the prospective database of the Comprehensive Registry of Intensive Care for OHCA Survival (CRITICAL) study in Osaka, Japan, we enrolled all OHCA patients aged ≥18 years for whom resuscitation was attempted, and who were transported to participating hospitals between the years 2013 and 2017. The primary outcome measure was 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome after OHCA. Temporal trends in in-hospital management and favorable neurological outcome among adult OHCA patients were assessed. Of the 11,924 patients in the database, we included a total of 10,228 adult patients from 16 hospitals. As for in-hospital advanced treatments, extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) use increased from 2.4% in 2013 to 4.3% in 2017 (P for trend <0.001). However, the proportion of adult OHCA patients with favorable neurological outcome did not change during the study period (from 5.7% in 2013 to 4.4% in 2017, adjusted odds ratio (OR) for 1-year increment: 0.98 (95% confidence interval: 0.94–1.23)).Conclusions:In this target population, in-hospital management such as ECPR increased slightly between 2013 and 2017, but 1-month survival with favorable neurological outcome after adult OHCA did not improve significantly.
著者
Bolrathanak Oeun Daisaku Nakatani Shungo Hikoso Takayuki Kojima Tomoharu Dohi Tetsuhisa Kitamura Katsuki Okada Akihiro Sunaga Hirota Kida Takahisa Yamada Masaaki Uematsu Yoshio Yasumura Yoshiharu Higuchi Toshiaki Mano Yoshiyuki Nagai Hisakazu Fuji Hiroya Mizuno Yasushi Sakata for the Osaka CardioVascular Conference (OCVC) Heart Failure Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.8, pp.400-408, 2020-08-07 (Released:2020-08-07)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
2

Background:Little is known about factors associated with elevated N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) at the convalescent stage and their effects on 1-year outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF).Methods and Results:This study included 469 patients with HFpEF. Elevated NT-proBNP was defined as the highest quartile. The first 3 quartiles (Q1–Q3) were combined together for comparison with the fourth quartile (Q4). Median NT-proBNP concentrations in Q1–Q3 and Q4 were 669 and 3,504 pg/mL, respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that low albumin (odds ratio [OR] 2.44; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.35–4.39; P=0.003), low estimated glomerular filtration rate (OR 5.83; 95% CI 3.46–9.83; P<0.001), high C-reactive protein (OR 2.09; 95% CI 1.21–3.63; P=0.009), and atrial fibrillation at discharge (OR 2.33; 95% CI 1.40–3.89; P=0.001) were associated with elevated NT-proBNP. Cumulative rates of all-cause mortality and heart failure rehospitalization were significantly higher in Q4 than in Q1–Q3 (P=0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). Incidence and hazard ratios of these adverse events increased when the number of associated factors for elevated NT-proBNP clustered together (P<0.001 and P=0.002, respectively).Conclusions:In addition to atrial fibrillation, extracardiac factors (malnutrition, renal impairment and inflammation) were associated with elevated NT-proBNP at the convalescent stage, and led to poor prognosis in patients with HFpEF.
著者
Junya Sado Kosuke Kiyohara Taku Iwami Yuri Kitamura Emiko Ando Tetsuya Ohira Tomotaka Sobue Tetsuhisa Kitamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.3, pp.919-922, 2018-02-23 (Released:2018-02-23)
参考文献数
15
被引用文献数
5

Background:We assessed whether the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) with cardiac origin increased in the disaster areas during the 3-year period after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE).Methods and Results:From the OHCA registry in Japan, yearly changes in occurrence after the GEJE were assessed by applying Poisson regression models. The risk ratio of the first year after the earthquake was significantly greater in both men and women, but the difference disappeared in the second and third years.Conclusions:The GEJE significantly increased the occurrence of OHCA with cardiac origin in the first year after the earthquake.
著者
Kosuke Kiyohara Junya Sado Tetsuhisa Kitamura Mamoru Ayusawa Masahiko Nitta Taku Iwami Ken Nakata Yasuto Sato Noriko Kojimahara Naohito Yamaguchi Tomotaka Sobue Yuri Kitamura for the SPIRITS Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-1237, (Released:2018-02-15)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
1 17

Background:A better understanding of the epidemiology of pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in school settings is important to establish an evidence-based strategy for prevention and better prognosis.Methods and Results:The Stop and Prevent cardIac aRrest, Injury, and Trauma in Schools (SPIRITS) is a nationwide prospective observational study linking databases from 2 nationally representative registries, the Injury and the Accident Mutual Aid Benefit System of The Japan Sport Council and the All-Japan Utstein Registry of the Fire and Disaster Management Agency. Using these databases, we described the detailed characteristics and outcomes of pediatric OHCAs that occurred in school settings in Japan between 2009 and 2014. During the 6-year study period, 295 OHCA cases were confirmed. Overall incidence rate was 0.4 per 100,000 students per year. The majority of OHCA cases had a cardiac origin (71%), occurred during exercise (65%), were witnessed by bystanders (70%), and received bystander-initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation (73%). In approximately one-third of cases the student was defibrillated by public-access automated external defibrillator (38%). The proportion of patients with 1-month survival and a favorable neurological outcome was 34% among all OHCAs and 43% among OHCAs of cardiac origin.Conclusions:In Japan, approximately 50 pediatric cases of OHCA consistently occur yearly in school settings. The majority of students received basic life support from bystanders, and patients with OHCA of cardiac origin had a relatively good prognosis.
著者
Hiroyuki Masaoka Keitaro Matsuo Isao Oze Takashi Kimura Akiko Tamakoshi Yumi Sugawara Ichiro Tsuji Norie Sawada Shoichiro Tsugane Hidemi Ito Keiko Wada Chisato Nagata Tetsuhisa Kitamura Ling Zha Ritsu Sakata Kotaro Ozasa Yingsong Lin Tetsuya Mizoue Keitaro Tanaka Sarah Krull Abe Manami Inoue
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220085, (Released:2022-10-29)
参考文献数
29

Background: Although cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for bladder cancer, assessment of smoking impact on bladder cancer in Asian populations has been hindered by few cohort studies conducted in Asian populations. We therefore investigated the risk of bladder cancer associated with smoking status, cumulative smoking intensity and smoking cessation in Japan.Methods: We analyzed data for 157,295 men and 183,202 women in ten population-based cohort studies in Japan. The risk associated with smoking behaviors was estimated using Cox regression models within each study, and pooled hazard ratios (HR) and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the incidence of bladder cancer were calculated.Results: During 4,729,073 person-years of follow up, 936 men and 325 women developed bladder cancer. In men, former smokers (HR 1.47; 95% CI, 1.18-1.82) and current smokers (HR 1.96; 95% CI, 1.62-2.38) had higher risk than never smokers. In women, current smokers had higher risk than never smokers (HR 2.35; 95% CI, 1.67-3.32). HRs in men linearly increased with increasing pack-years. Risk decreased with increasing years of smoking cessation in men with a significant dose-response trend. Former smokers with a duration of more than 10 years after smoking cessation had no significantly increased risk compared with never smokers (HR 1.26; 95% CI, 0.97-1.63).Conclusions: Data from a pooled analysis of ten population-based cohort studies in Japan clearly show an association between cigarette smoking and bladder cancer risk. The risk of smokers may approximate that of never smokers following cessation for many years.
著者
Nobuhiro Sato Tasuku Matsuyama Tetsuhisa Kitamura Yasuo Hirose
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.4, pp.259-264, 2021-04-05 (Released:2021-04-05)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
3 4

Background: Although bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (BCPR) plays an essential role in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) care, little is known about the bystander-patient relationship in the actual setting. This study aimed to assess the disparities in BCPR performed by a family member and that performed by a non-family member.Methods: This population-based observational study involved all adult patients with witnessed OHCAs of medical origin in Niigata City, Japan, between January 2012 and December 2016, according to the Utstein style. We used logistic regression analysis to assess the association between the witnessing person and the probability of providing BCPR. Next, among those who received BCPR, we sought to investigate the difference between BCPR performed by family and that performed by non-family members in terms of whether those who witnessed the arrests actually performed BCPR.Results: During the study period, 818 were eligible for this analysis, with 609 (74.4%) patients witnessed by family and 209 (25.6%) patients witnessed by non-family members. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that OHCA patients witnessed by family were less likely to receive BCPR compared to those witnessed by non-family members (260/609 [42.7%] versus 119/209 [56.9%], P = 0.017). Among the witnessed patients for whom BCPR was performed, the proportion of BCPR actually performed by a family member was lower than that performed by a non-family member (242/260 [93.1%] versus 116/119 [97.5%], P = 0.011).Conclusions: In this community-based observational study, we found that a witnessing family member is less likely to perform BCPR than a witnessing non-family member.
著者
Ryu Shutta Daisaku Nakatani Yasuhiko Sakata Shungo Hikoso Hiroya Mizuno Shinichiro Suna Tetsuhisa Kitamura Katsuki Okada Tomoharu Dohi Takayuki Kojima Bolrathanak Oeun Akihiro Sunaga Hirota Kida Hiroshi Sato Masatsugu Hori Issei Komuro Masami Nishino Yasushi Sakata on behalf of the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study (OACIS) Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.5, pp.280-287, 2020-05-08 (Released:2020-05-08)
参考文献数
25

Background:Studies comparing the cardiac consequences of hydrophilic and lipophilic statins in experimental and clinical practice settings have produced inconsistent results. In particular, evidence focusing on diabetic patients after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is lacking.Methods and Results:From the Osaka Acute Coronary Insufficiency Study (OACIS) registry database, 1,752 diabetic patients with AMI who were discharged with a prescription for statins were studied. Long-term outcomes were compared between hydrophilic and lipophilic statins, including all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI) and admission for heart failure (HF) and a composite of these (major adverse cardiac events; MACE). During a median follow-up period of 1,059 days, all-cause death, non-fatal re-MI, admission for HF, and MACE occurred in 95, 89, 112 and 249 patients, respectively. Although there was no significant difference between statins in the risk of all-cause death, re-MI and MACE, the risk of HF admission was significantly lower in patients with hydrophilic than lipophilic statins before (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.560; 95% CI: 0.345–0.911, P=0.019) and after (aHR, 0.584; 95% CI: 0.389–0.876, P=0.009) propensity score matching. Hydrophilic statin use was consistently associated with lower risk for HF admission than lipophilic statins across the subgroup categories.Conclusions:In the present diabetic patients with AMI, hydrophilic statins were associated with a lower risk of admission for HF than lipophilic statins.
著者
Nobunaga Okada Tasuku Matsuyama Sachiko Morita Naoki Ehara Nobuhiro Miyamae Yohei Okada Takaaki Jo Yasuyuki Sumida Makoto Watanabe Masahiro Nozawa Ayumu Tsuruoka Yoshihiro Fujimoto Yoshiki Okumura Kunio Hamanaka Tetsuhisa Kitamura Kei Nishiyama Bon Ohta
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.3, pp.445-455, 2020-02-25 (Released:2020-02-25)
参考文献数
21

Background: The Osborn wave (OW) is often observed in hypothermic patients; however, whether OW in hypothermic patients is related to the development of fatal ventricular arrhythmia, including ventricular fibrillation (VF) and pulseless ventricular tachycardia (VT), remains undetermined. This study aimed to estimate the association between OW and the incidence of fatal ventricular arrhythmias.Methods and Results: This retrospective study used the Japanese Accidental Hypothermia Network registry database and included 572 hypothermic patients. Patients were divided into the OW group (those with OW) and non-OW group (those without OW). The relationship between the development of fatal arrhythmias and presence of OW was assessed using the chi-squared test. All patients who developed VF/VT (n=10) had OW on electrocardiogram upon hospital arrival. The presence of OW had a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 47.8%, positive predictive value of 4.0%, and negative predictive value of 100% for VF/VT development. The in-hospital mortality rate was 22.3% in the OW group and 21.2% in the non-OW group (P=0.781).Conclusions: OW was observed in all hypothermic patients with VF/VT. The occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias is highly unlikely in the absence of OW on the electrocardiogram. Although the presence of OW might be used to predict these fatal arrhythmias in hypothermic patients, there was no association between the presence of OW and in-hospital mortality.
著者
Tetsuhisa Kitamura Kosuke Kiyohara Tasuku Matsuyama Toshihiro Hatakeyama Tomonari Shimamoto Junichi Izawa Chika Nishiyama Taku Iwami
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150100, (Released:2015-12-05)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
4 9

Background: Outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) might be worse during academic meetings because many medical professionals attend them.Methods: This nationwide population-based observation of all consecutively enrolled Japanese adult OHCA patients with resuscitation attempts from 2005 to 2012. The primary outcome was 1-month survival with a neurologically favorable outcome. Calendar days at three national meetings (Japanese Society of Intensive Care Medicine, Japanese Association for Acute Medicine, and Japanese Circulation Society) were obtained for each year during the study period, because medical professionals who belong to these academic societies play an important role in treating OHCA patients after hospital admission, and we identified two groups: the exposure group included OHCAs that occurred on meeting days, and the control group included OHCAs that occurred on the same days of the week 1 week before and after meetings. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to adjust for confounding variables.Results: A total of 20 143 OHCAs that occurred during meeting days and 38 860 OHCAs that occurred during non-meeting days were eligible for our analyses. The proportion of patients with favorable neurologic outcomes after whole arrests did not differ during meeting and non-meeting days (1.6% [324/20 143] vs 1.5% [596/38 855]; adjusted odds ratio 1.02; 95% confidence interval, 0.88–1.19). Regarding bystander-witnessed ventricular fibrillation arrests of cardiac origin, the proportion of patients with favorable neurologic outcomes also did not differ between the groups.Conclusions: In this population, there were no significant differences in outcomes after OHCAs that occurred during national meetings of professional organizations related to OHCA care and those that occurred during non-meeting days.
著者
Kayo Tanigawa-Sugihara Taku Iwami Chika Nishiyama Tetsuhisa Kitamura Masashi Goto Masahiko Ando Tatsuya Nishiuchi Yasuyuki Hayashi Takashi Kawamura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.77, no.8, pp.2073-2078, 2013 (Released:2013-07-25)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
11 20

Background: Weather conditions affect the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between atmospheric conditions including temperature, pressure, and humidity, and the occurrence of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs) with cardiac etiology. Methods and Results: This study was a cross-sectional analysis of a prospective cohort that included all persons aged ≥18 years with OHCA in Osaka, from 1998 through 2007. The association between the number of daily OHCA events with various atmospheric conditions was analyzed using Poisson regression. A total of 28,806 adult OHCAs were presumed to be of cardiac etiology. The number of OHCAs in 1 day was inversely correlated with the day’s mean atmospheric temperature. The regression coefficient was greater on the days under 18°C (r=–0.317, P<0.001) than on days over 18°C (r=–0.088, P<0.001). A positive linear relation was found between the number of OHCAs in 1 day and the day’s mean atmospheric pressure (r=0.321, P<0.001). Under 18°C, every 5°C decrease in the daily mean temperature was associated with an 11% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 8–13%) increase in OHCA occurrence in the non-elderly group, and a 16% increase in the elderly group (95% CI: 14–19%). Conclusions: The occurrence of adult OHCA with cardiac etiology increases with decreasing temperature of the day. Elderly people are more susceptible to severe weather conditions.  (Circ J 2013; 77: 2073–2078)