著者
Kaori Sakurada Tsuneo Konta Masafumi Watanabe Kenichi Ishizawa Yoshiyuki Ueno Hidetoshi Yamashita Takamasa Kayama
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20180249, (Released:2019-04-06)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
30

Background: Positive and negative psychological factors are associated with mortality and cardiovascular disease. This study prospectively investigated associations between daily frequency of laughter, and mortality and cardiovascular disease in a community-based population.Methods: This study included 17,152 subjects ≥40 years old who participated in an annual health check in Yamagata Prefecture. Self-reported daily frequency of laughter was grouped into 3 categories (≥1/week; ≥1/month but <1/week; <1/month). Associations between daily frequency of laughter and increase in all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were determined using Cox proportional hazards modeling.Results: During follow-up (median, 5.4 years), 257 subjects died and 138 subjects experienced cardiovascular events. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were significantly higher among subjects with a low frequency of laughter (log-rank P<0.01). Cox proportional hazard model analysis adjusted for age, gender, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol drinking status showed that risk of all-cause mortality was significantly higher in subjects who laughed <1/month than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (hazard ratio (HR) 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.16-3.09). Similarly, risk of cardiovascular events was higher in subjects who laughed ≥1/month but < 1/week than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (HR 1.62, 95% CI, 1.07-2.40).Conclusion: Daily frequency of laughter represents an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease in a Japanese general population.
著者
Yuya ASHITOMI Tsuneo KONTA Fuyuhiko MOTOI Masahumi WATANABE Takamasa KAYAMA Yoshiyuki UENO
出版者
Center for Academic Publications Japan
雑誌
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (ISSN:03014800)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.68, no.4, pp.270-275, 2022-08-31 (Released:2022-08-31)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1

The element magnesium (Mg) is involved in various metabolic reactions within the human body, and its deficiency is considered a risk factor for several diseases. In this study, we investigated the relationship between serum Mg levels and mortality in a community-based population. We prospectively assessed the association between serum Mg levels at enrollment and all-cause mortality in 1,314 participants who underwent a community health examination. The mean serum Mg level was 2.4 (±0.2) mg/dL. Patients with serum Mg levels ≤2.3 mg/dL constituted the low Mg group, while those with serum Mg ≥2.4 mg/dL constituted the high Mg group. Ninety-three (7.1%) patients died during the 10-y follow-up period. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that all-cause mortality was significantly higher in the low Mg group (log-rank p<0.05). Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed a significant association in the unadjusted model (hazard ratio [HR] 1.72, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.14–2.58, p<0.01) and in the fully adjusted model (HR 1.73, 95% CI 1.09–2.76, p<0.05). This association was particularly strong in males (HR 2.08, 95% CI 1.19–3.63, p<0.05). Low serum Mg levels were significantly associated with the risk of all-cause mortality among males in a community-based Japanese population.
著者
Yoshie Hose Junko Ishihara Ayaka Kotemori Misako Nakadate Sachiko Maruya Junta Tanaka Hiroshi Yatsuya Atsuko Aoyama Chifa Chiang Tsuneo Konta Takamasa Kayama Yoshiyuki Ueno Manami Inoue Norie Sawada Shoichiro Tsugane Ribeka Takachi
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.33, no.8, pp.419-427, 2023-08-05 (Released:2023-08-05)
参考文献数
25

Background: Recent innovations in information and communication technology have made it possible to assess diet using web-based methods; however, their applicability in the general population remains unclear. Hence, we aimed to examine the applicability of a web-based 24-hour dietary recall (24HR) tool to large-scale epidemiological studies by determining the sampling rate and characteristics of randomly selected participants from a Japanese cohort study.Methods: In total, 5,013 individuals were recruited from a cohort of 21,537 individuals, and 975 agreed to participate in this study. The participants selected either self-administered web-based dietary 24HR (self-administered 24HR) or interviewer-administered telephone-based 24HR (interviewer-administered 24HR) as the method for the dietary assessment and answered questions regarding the acceptability of the system.Results: The response rate of the 975 participants was 19.4%, corresponding to approximately 4.5% of the total study sample. About half of them chose the self-administered 24HR (46.9%). The median time required for the self-administered and interviewer-administered 24HR was 25 and 27 minutes, respectively. In the self-administered 24HR, older people, regardless of sex, tended to require a longer time, and approximately 60% of the participants rated the ease of use of the system as “somewhat difficult” or “difficult.”Conclusion: Characteristics of the participants in this study were not systemically different from those of the entire study sample. Improvements in the approach to entering cooking details and the dish name selection may be necessary for better acceptability in order to be accepted as a self-administered dietary recall tool.
著者
Yuji Saito Yoichiro Otaki Tetsu Watanabe Masahiro Wanezaki Daisuke Kutsuzawa Shigehiko Kato Harutoshi Tamura Satoshi Nishiyama Takanori Arimoto Hiroki Takahashi Yoshiyuki Ueno Tsuneo Konta Masafumi Watanabe
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.5, pp.222-229, 2022-05-10 (Released:2022-05-10)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
1

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in nitric oxide synthase 3 (NOS3) are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. However, it is not clear whether the NOS3 SNP is a genetic risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.Methods and Results: This prospective cohort study included 2,726 subjects aged ≥40 years who participated in a community-based health checkup. We genotyped 639 SNPs, including 2 NOS3 SNPs (rs1799983 and rs1808593). All subjects were monitored prospectively over a median follow-up period of 16.0 years, with the endpoint being cardiovascular events, including cardiovascular death and/or non-fatal myocardial infarction. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that both rs1799983 GT/TT and rs1808593 GG carriers had a higher risk of the endpoint than non-carriers. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analyses revealed that both rs1799983 GT/TT and rs1808593 GG were independently associated with cardiovascular events after adjusting for confounding risk factors. The net reclassification index and integrated discrimination index were significantly improved by the addition of NOS3 SNPs as cardiovascular risk factors.Conclusions:NOS3 gene polymorphisms could be genetic risk factors for cardiovascular events in the general Japanese population, and could be used to facilitate the early identification of individuals at high risk of cardiovascular events.
著者
Minako Wakasugi Ichiei Narita Kunitoshi Iseki Koichi Asahi Kunihiro Yamagata Shouichi Fujimoto Toshiki Moriyama Tsuneo Konta Kazuhiko Tsuruya Masato Kasahara Yugo Shibagaki Masahide Kondo Tsuyoshi Watanabe The Japan Specific Health Checkups (J-SHC) Study Group
出版者
The Japanese Society of Internal Medicine
雑誌
Internal Medicine (ISSN:09182918)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.8992-21, (Released:2022-03-05)
参考文献数
41
被引用文献数
5

Objective Whether or not combined lifestyle factors are associated with similar decreases in risks of incident hypertension and diabetes among individuals with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains unclear. Methods This population-based prospective cohort study included participants 40-74 years old who were free from heart disease, stroke, renal failure, hypertension, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia at baseline (n =60,234). Healthy lifestyle scores (HLSs) were calculated by adding the total number of 5 healthy lifestyle factors (non-smoking, body mass index <25 kg/m2, regular exercise, healthy eating habits, and moderate or less alcohol consumption). Cox proportional hazards models were used to examine associations between the HLS and incident hypertension or type 2 diabetes and whether or not CKD modified these associations. Results During a median of 4 years, there were 2,773 incident hypertension cases (30.1 cases per 1,000 person-years) and 263 incident diabetes cases (2.4 cases per 1,000 person-years). The risk of developing hypertension and diabetes decreased linearly as participants adhered to more HLS components. Compared with adhering to 0, 1, or 2 components, adherence to all 5 HLS components was associated with a nearly one-half reduction in the risk of hypertension (hazard ratio [HR] =0.52; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.45-0.60) and diabetes (HR =0.51; 95% CI, 0.32-0.81) in fully adjusted models. CKD did not have a modifying effect on associations between the HLS and incident hypertension (Pinteraction =0.6) or diabetes (Pinteraction =0.3). Conclusion Adherence to HLS components was associated with reduced risks of incident hypertension and diabetes, regardless of CKD status.
著者
Kaori Sakurada Tsuneo Konta Masafumi Watanabe Kenichi Ishizawa Yoshiyuki Ueno Hidetoshi Yamashita Takamasa Kayama
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.30, no.4, pp.188-193, 2020-04-05 (Released:2020-04-05)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
30

Background: Positive and negative psychological factors are associated with mortality and cardiovascular disease. This study prospectively investigated associations of daily frequency of laughter with mortality and cardiovascular disease in a community-based population.Methods: This study included 17,152 subjects ≥40 years old who participated in an annual health check in Yamagata Prefecture. Self-reported daily frequency of laughter was grouped into three categories (≥1/week; ≥1/month but <1/week; <1/month). Associations of daily frequency of laughter with increase in all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were determined using Cox proportional hazards modeling.Results: During follow-up (median, 5.4 years), 257 subjects died and 138 subjects experienced cardiovascular events. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease incidence were significantly higher among subjects with a low frequency of laughter (log-rank P < 0.01). Cox proportional hazard model analysis adjusted for age, gender, hypertension, smoking, and alcohol drinking status showed that risk of all-cause mortality was significantly higher in subjects who laughed <1/month than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (hazard ratio [HR] 1.95; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16–3.09). Similarly, risk of cardiovascular events was higher in subjects who laughed ≥1/month but <1/week than in subjects who laughed ≥1/week (HR 1.62; 95% CI, 1.07–2.40).Conclusion: Daily frequency of laughter represents an independent risk factor for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular disease in a Japanese general population.
著者
Yoichiro Otaki Tetsu Watanabe Tsuneo Konta Masafumi Watanabe Shouichi Fujimoto Yuji Sato Koichi Asahi Kunihiro Yamagata Kazuhiko Tsuruya Ichiei Narita Masato Kasahara Yugo Shibagaki Kunitoshi Iseki Toshiki Moriyama Masahide Kondo Tsuyoshi Watanabe
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.11, pp.2776-2782, 2018-10-25 (Released:2018-10-25)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
12

Background: Aortic artery disease (AAD), such as aortic dissection or aortic aneurysm rupture, is fatal, with an extremely high mortality. Because of its low incidence, the risk for the development of AAD has not yet been elucidated. Hypertension (HT) is an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, but there has been no prospective study on the effect of HT on AAD-related mortality. Methods and Results: We used a nationwide database of 276,197 subjects (aged 40–75 years) who participated in the annual “Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan” from 2008 to 2010. There were 80 AAD-related deaths during the follow-up period of 1,049,549 person-years. On multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression, HT was an independent risk factor for AAD-related death in apparently healthy subjects. On receiver operating characteristics curve analysis for AAD-related death, abnormal systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) were 130 mmHg and 82 mmHg, respectively. The prediction capacity was significantly improved by the addition of SBP to confounding risk factors. Notably, further improvement of the C index was observed by addition of DBP to the model with SBP. Conclusions: This is the first report to prospectively show that HT is a risk factor for AAD-related death. Both SBP and DBP are of critical importance in the primary prevention of AAD-related death in apparently healthy subjects.
著者
Koji Hasegawa Kazuhisa Tsukamoto Motoei Kunimi Koichi Asahi Kunitoshi Iseki Toshiki Moriyama Kunihiro Yamagata Kazuhiko Tsuruya Shouichi Fujimoto Ichiei Narita Tsuneo Konta Masahide Kondo Kenjiro Kimura Yasuo Ohashi Tsuyoshi Watanabe
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.31906, (Released:2016-03-08)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
9

Aims: Several guidelines propose target levels (TLs) of atherosclerotic risk factors (ARFs) to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases; however, few data are available regarding the attainment statuses of TLs in Japan. In this study, utilizing the data obtained from the annual “Specific Health Check and Guidance in Japan” conducted from 2008 to 2011 (approximately 280,000 subjects each year), we determined TL attainments of ARFs in cardiovascular high-risk subjects.Methods: Those who had suffered from cerebrovascular disease (pCVD) or coronary heart disease (pCHD) or were receiving diabetes mellitus treatment (DM) were selected, and the rates of subjects that attained TLs of blood pressure (BP), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TGs) and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were analyzed.Results: Approximately 70% of pCVD or pCHD and 35% of subjects with DM attained TLs of BP. With regard to HbA1c, >90% of pCVD or pCHD and approximately 50% of subjects with DM attained TLs. With regard to LDL-C, <25% of pCHD females and approximately 35% of pCHD males and 50%–55% of subjects with pCVD or DM attained TLs. The TL-attainment rates of HDL-C and TGs were approximately 90% and 75%, respectively, for the three diseases. Analyses of time course changes in their attainment statuses revealed that the attainment rates of BP and LDL-C significantly improved in all the diseases.Conclusions: TL-attainment rates of BP and LDL-C were not as high as those for HDL-C, TGs, and HbA1c; however, they both showed highly significant improvements during the study period.