著者
Shinichi Kuriyama Nobuo Yaegashi Fuji Nagami Tomohiko Arai Yoshio Kawaguchi Noriko Osumi Masaki Sakaida Yoichi Suzuki Keiko Nakayama Hiroaki Hashizume Gen Tamiya Hiroshi Kawame Kichiya Suzuki Atsushi Hozawa Naoki Nakaya Masahiro Kikuya Hirohito Metoki Ichiro Tsuji Nobuo Fuse Hideyasu Kiyomoto Junichi Sugawara Akito Tsuboi Shinichi Egawa Kiyoshi Ito Koichi Chida Tadashi Ishii Hiroaki Tomita Yasuyuki Taki Naoko Minegishi Naoto Ishii Jun Yasuda Kazuhiko Igarashi Ritsuko Shimizu Masao Nagasaki Seizo Koshiba Kengo Kinoshita Soichi Ogishima Takako Takai-Igarashi Teiji Tominaga Osamu Tanabe Noriaki Ohuchi Toru Shimosegawa Shigeo Kure Hiroshi Tanaka Sadayoshi Ito Jiro Hitomi Kozo Tanno Motoyuki Nakamura Kuniaki Ogasawara Seiichiro Kobayashi Kiyomi Sakata Mamoru Satoh Atsushi Shimizu Makoto Sasaki Ryujin Endo Kenji Sobue the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group Masayuki Yamamoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150268, (Released:2016-07-02)
参考文献数
64
被引用文献数
1 53

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members. The TMM CommCohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2016 and follow them for at least 5 years. The TMM BirThree Cohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2017 and follow them for at least 4 years. For children, the ToMMo Child Health Study, which adopted a cross-sectional design, was also started in November 2012 in Miyagi Prefecture. An integrated biobank will be constructed based on the two prospective cohort studies, and ToMMo and IMM will investigate the chronic medical impacts of the GEJE. The integrated biobank of TMM consists of health and clinical information, biospecimens, and genome and omics data. The biobank aims to establish a firm basis for personalized healthcare and medicine, mainly for diseases aggravated by the GEJE in the two prefectures. Biospecimens and related information in the biobank will be distributed to the research community. TMM itself will also undertake genomic and omics research. The aims of the genomic studies are: 1) to construct an integrated biobank; 2) to return genomic research results to the participants of the cohort studies, which will lead to the implementation of personalized healthcare and medicine in the affected areas in the near future; and 3) to contribute the development of personalized healthcare and medicine worldwide. Through the activities of TMM, we will clarify how to approach prolonged healthcare problems in areas damaged by large-scale disasters and how useful genomic information is for disease prevention.
著者
Ataru NAKANISHI Tadahisa MASHITA Kyoko AKIYAMA Wakana NAKANISHI Takashi MORI Masaki YANO Tetsuo ASAI Rui KANO Syunsuke SHIMAMURA Jun YASUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0319, (Released:2015-01-16)
被引用文献数
1

A 9-year-old spayed female cat was examined for cheek skin drainage. The skin lesion did not respond to medical therapy; thereafter, facial deformity developed. A computed tomography revealed an intranasal mass and maxillary osteolysis. The mass was histopathologically diagnosed as suppurative granulomatous inflammation caused by filamentous bacteria. The lesion responded well to radiation therapy. Although actinomycosis was suspected histopathologically, no actinomycetes were detected in the nasal lesion by a bacterial culture conducted at a commercial laboratory. The submandibular lymph node and subcutaneous tissue exhibited swelling. Microbiological examination and genetic analysis based on 16S rDNA gene sequence revealed that Nocardia spp. were isolated from both lesions.
著者
Jun YASUDA Takahiro YOSHIZAKI Kaori YAMAMOTO Masae YOSHINO Masako OTA Takashi KAWAHARA Akiko KAMEI
出版者
Center for Academic Publications Japan
雑誌
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (ISSN:03014800)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.65, no.2, pp.177-183, 2019-04-30 (Released:2019-04-30)
参考文献数
28

The purpose of the study was to examine the association of the frequencies of milk and dairy product consumption with subjective sleep quality during the training period in Japanese elite athletes. In this cross-sectional study, 682 Japanese elite athletes who were candidates for the 2016 Rio Olympic Games underwent medical evaluations at the medical center of The Japan Institute of Sports Sciences. Self-reported questionnaires were used to collect information on demographics and lifestyle (age, height, weight, sports, presence of milk allergy, smoking and drinking habits), subjective sleep quality (good, normal, or poor), bedtime, waking time, sleep duration, and frequencies of milk and dairy product consumption. Data from 679 athletes (379 men, 300 women) without milk allergy, were analyzed. Based on the frequencies of both milk and dairy product consumption, the athletes were divided into three groups: low (0-2 d/wk), middle (3-5 d/wk), and high (6-7 d/wk). Multiple logistic regression models showed that in comparison with the low milk consumption group, the middle [OR (95% CI): 0.48 (0.26-0.91)] and high groups [0.38 (0.21-0.71)] were significantly associated with a lower risk of decrease in subjective sleep quality (0: good, 1: normal or poor) only in women, after adjusting for possible confounders, such as smoking, drinking habits, and sleep duration. Accordingly, the present study elucidated that a greater frequency of milk consumption was significantly associated with a lower risk of decrease in subjective sleep quality, during training periods in women.
著者
Ayaka Sunami Kazuto Sasaki Yoshio Suzuki Nobuhide Oguma Junko Ishihara Ayumi Nakai Jun Yasuda Yuri Yokoyama Takahiro Yoshizaki Yuki Tada Azumi Hida Yukari Kawano
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150104, (Released:2016-02-20)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
8

Background: Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been developed and validated for various populations. To our knowledge, however, no FFQ has been validated for young athletes. Here, we investigated whether an FFQ that was developed and validated to estimate dietary intake in middle-aged persons was also valid for estimating that in young athletes.Methods: We applied an FFQ that had been developed for the Japan Public Health Center-based Prospective Cohort Study with modification to the duration of recollection. A total of 156 participants (92 males) completed the FFQ and a 3-day non-consecutive 24-hour dietary recall (24hDR). Validity of the mean estimates was evaluated by calculating the percentage differences between the 24hDR and FFQ. Ranking estimation was validated using Spearman’s correlation coefficient (CC), and the degree of miscategorization was determined by joint classification.Results: The FFQ underestimated energy intake by approximately 10% for both males and females. For 35 nutrients, the median (range) deattenuated CC was 0.30 (0.10 to 0.57) for males and 0.32 (−0.08 to 0.62) for females. For 19 food groups, the median (range) deattenuated CC was 0.32 (0.17 to 0.72) for males and 0.34 (−0.11 to 0.58) for females. For both nutrient and food group intakes, cross-classification analysis indicated extreme miscategorization rates of 3% to 5%.Conclusions: An FFQ developed and validated for middle-aged persons had comparable validity among young athletes. This FFQ might be useful for assessing habitual dietary intake in collegiate athletes, especially for calcium, vitamin C, vegetables, fruits, and milk and dairy products.
著者
Tadahisa MASHITA Hiroaki KAMISHINA Yuya NAKAMOTO Yosuke AKAGI Ataru NAKANISHI Yusuke HARASAKI Tsuyoshi OZAWA Takashi UEMURA Yui KOBATAKE Shunsuke SHIMAMURA Naoki KITAMURA Sadatoshi MAEDA Yuji UZUKA Gerry SHAW Jun YASUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0582, (Released:2014-12-19)
被引用文献数
1

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of concurrent measurement of serum phosphorylated neurofilament heavy subunit (pNF-H) concentration and intramedullary T2W hyperintensity in parapalegic to paraplegic dogs. Our hypothesis was that concurrent measurement of these would provide a more accurate prediction of functional outcome in dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc herniation (IVDH). A prospective case-control clinical study was designed using 94 dogs with acute onset of thoracolumbar IVDH. The association of serum pNF-H concentration, T2W hyperintensity on sagittal MRI (T2H/L2), deep pain perception and surgical outcome were evaluated with logistic regression analysis after three months for all 94 surgically treated dogs. Sensitivity to predict non-ambulatory outcome was compared among pNF-H and T2H/L2 and combination of both. Logistic regression analysis indicated that serum pNF-H concentration and T2H/L2 were significantly correlated with surgical outcome (P<0.05); however, deep pain perception was not (P=0.41). The results of logistic regression analysis indicated that the odds ratios of unsuccessful long-term outcome were 2.6 for serum pNF-H concentration, 1.9 for T2H/L2 and 2.3 for deep pain sensation. The sensitivity and specificity to predict non-ambulatory outcome for using serum parameter pNF-H>2.6 ng/ml, using T2H/L2 value of >0.84 and using both serum pNF-H and T2H/L2, were 95% and 75.7%, 65% and 86.5%, and 90.0% and 97.5%, respectively. Therefore, combined measurements of serum pNF-H and T2H/L2 might be useful for predicting long-term outcome in dogs with thoracolumbar IVDH.
著者
Shunsuke SHIMAMURA Ken KIMURA Masaaki KATAYAMA Tadahisa MASHITA Kenichi MAEDA Saori KOBAYASHI Reeko SATO Jun YASUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0541, (Released:2014-08-21)
被引用文献数
2

This study evaluated the number and function of neutrophils during 3 hr of hemodialysis in healthy dogs under anesthesia. Isolated neutrophils were used to assess neutrophil adhesion, phagocytosis and the oxidative burst. At 0.5 and 3 hr after the start of hemodialysis treatment, there was a decrease in neutrophil number. The phagocytic ability of neutrophils was decreased 3 hr after the start of hemodialysis. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that hemodialysis reduces the number and phagocytic ability of neutrophils during treatment. However, these changes recover within 24 hr of hemodialysis.
著者
Yasunori SATO Shunsuke SHIMAMURA Tadahisa MASHITA Saori KOBAYASHI Yasuhiko OKAMURA Masaaki KATAYAMA Hiroaki KAMISHINA Reeko SATO Yuji UZUKA Jun YASUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.7, pp.949-953, 2013 (Released:2013-07-31)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
5 8

In humans, increased levels of GFAP in the CSF and blood have been reported with various neural diseases. However, there has been no study describing the usefulness of GFAP in the blood for disease of the spinal cord in dogs. The aim of this study was to describe the utility of GFAP in serum for a diagnosis of progressive myelomalacia. Fifty-six dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDD diagnosed by computed tomography with myelography or MRI were included. Serum specimens were collected at initial presentation from all cases and at follow-up examinations from some cases. Serum samples were assayed for GFAP concentrations using a commercially available GFAP ELISA Kit. Progressive myelomalacia was the final diagnosis in 8/51 cases (15.6%). Eight dogs had clinical signs suggestive of progressive myelomalacia, of which 6 were positive and 2 were negative by GFAP. Seven dogs had a detectable level of serum GFAP, of which 6 had the onset of progressive myelomalacia. The sensitivity and specificity of the GFAP to progressive myelomalacia were 75% and 97.7%, respectively. The results suggest the utility of GFAP in serum in the diagnosis of progressive myelomalacia.
著者
Yasunori SATO Shunsuke SHIMAMURA Tadahisa MASHITA Saori KOBAYASHI Yasuhiko OKAMURA Masaaki KATAYAMA Hiroaki KAMISHINA Reeko SATO Yuji UZUKA Jun YASUDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0483, (Released:2013-03-08)
被引用文献数
5 8

In humans, increased levels of GFAP in the CSF and blood have been reported with various neural diseases. However there has been no study describing the usefulness of GFAP in the blood for disease of the spinal cord in dogs. To describe the utility of GFAP in serum for a diagnosis of progressive myelomalacia. Fifty-six dogs with acute thoracolumbar IVDD diagnosed by computed tomography with myelography or MRI were included. Serum specimens were collected at initial presentation from all cases and at follow-up examinations from some cases. Serum samples were assayed for GFAP concentrations using a commercially available GFAP ELISA KIT. Progressive myelomalacia was the final diagnosis in 8/52 (15.3%). Eight dogs had clinical signs suggestive of progressive myelomalacia, of which 6 were positive and 2 were negative by GFAP. Seven dogs had a detectable level of serum GFAP, of which 6 had the onset of progressive myelomalacia. The sensitivity and specificity of the GFAP to progressive myelomalacia were 75 and 97.7%, respectively. The results suggest the utility of GFAP in serum in the diagnosis of progressive myelomalacia.
著者
Reeko SATO Saori KOBAYASHI Yuya ABE Hiroaki KAMISHINA Shinichi ODA Jun YASUDA Juso SASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.9, pp.1177-1183, 2012 (Released:2012-10-01)
参考文献数
24

This study reported detailed clinical effects of bovine lactoferrin on 2 canine littermates (1 female and 1 male) with familial neutrophil dysfunction and an investigation of their genetic background. Clinical signs caused by severe upper respiratory bacterial infections were observed in these dogs. Oral administration of bovine lactoferrin for a long duration improved their clinical signs (severe uveitis in the female dog and coughing from pneumonia in the male dog). Their backcross dogs that have the same father didn’t show clinical signs of bacterial infection. Neutrophil function tests revealed that the backcross dogs didn’t have any disorders. It is likely that abnormal clinical signs are associated with neutrophil dysfunction in the colony, and the mother dog of these cases might be the genetic carrier of this dysfunction.
著者
Reeko SATO Saori KOBAYASHI Yuya ABE Hiroaki KAMISHINA Shinichi Oda Jun YASUDA Juso SASAKI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1204140815-1204140815, (Released:2012-04-24)

This study reported detailed clinical effects of bovine lactoferrin on two canine littermates (1 female and 1 male) with familial neutrophil dysfunction and an investigation of their genetic background. Clinical signs caused by severe upper respiratory bacterial infections were observed in these dogs. Oral administration of bovine lactoferrin for a long duration improved their clinical signs (severe uveitis in the female dog and coughing from pneumonia in the male dog). Their backcross dogs that have the same father didn't show clinical signs of bacterial infection. Neutrophil function tests revealed that the backcross dogs didn't have any disorders. It is likely that abnormal clinical signs are associated with neutrophil dysfunction in the colony and the mother dog of these cases might be the genetic carrier of this dysfunction.