- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- pp.CJ-23-0076, (Released:2023-09-07)
Background: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) has high morbidity and a high fatality rate for a cardiovascular disease. Recent studies suggested that the incidence of AAD is increasing. However, the actual incidence and mortality rates of AAD are not well known. This study investigated the current epidemiology of AAD within the Yatsushiro medical jurisdictional area.Methods and Results: A population-based review of patients with AAD was performed in a geographically well-defined area. Data were collected retrospectively from January 2011 to December 2020 for a total of 196 patients with AAD (Stanford Type A, n=126 [64.3%]; Stanford Type B, n=70 [35.7%]). The mean patient age was 74.3 years, and 55.6% (109/196) were women. The crude and age-standardized incidence rates of AAD in our medical jurisdictional area were 13.6 and 11.4 per 100,000 inhabitants per year, respectively. The crude and age-standardized 30-day mortality rates of AAD were 4.9 and 4.0 per 100,000 inhabitants per year, respectively. There were upward tendencies for both the incidence and 30-day mortality rate of AAD with age, with both being significantly higher in patients aged ≥85 years (P<0.001).Conclusions: This population-based study detected a higher incidence of AAD than previous studies, but reported a lower incidence of AAD in men than in women. Increasing age was associated with an increased incidence and mortality rate of AAD.