著者
Koichiro Fujisue Kenshi Yamanaga Suguru Nagamatsu Hideki Shimomura Takuro Yamashita Koichi Nakao Sunao Nakamura Masaharu Ishihara Kunihiko Matsui Naritsugu Sakaino Takashi Miyazaki Nobuyasu Yamamoto Shunichi Koide Toshiyuki Matsumura Kazuteru Fujimoto Ryusuke Tsunoda Yasuhiro Morikami Koushi Matsuyama Shuichi Oshima Kenji Sakamoto Yasuhiro Izumiya Koichi Kaikita Seiji Hokimoto Hisao Ogawa Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.54726, (Released:2020-05-20)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
6

Aim: Coronary plaque regression is weak in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated whether dual lipid-lowering therapy (DLLT) with ezetimibe and atorvastatin attenuates coronary plaques in ACS patients with DM. Methods: The prospective, randomized controlled, multicenter PRECISE-IVUS (Plaque Regression with Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor or Synthesis Inhibitor Evaluated by Intravascular Ultrasound) trial assigned 246 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to DLLT or atorvastatin monotherapy and evaluated IVUS-derived changes in percent atheroma volume (ΔPAV), at baseline and 9-12-month follow-up, in 126 ACS cases, including 25 DM patients. The atorvastatin dose was up-titrated to achieve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <70 mg/dL. Results: In DM patients, the monotherapy group (n=13) and the DLLT group (n=12) showed a similar prevalence of coronary risks and baseline lipid profiles. During the study, the change in LDL-C level was similar between DM and non-DM patients. Compared with non-DM patients, DM patients showed weaker regression of ΔPAV by DLLT than those who underwent monotherapy (DM: −2.77±3.47% vs. −0.77±2.51%, P=0.11; non-DM: −2.01±3.36% vs. −0.08±2.66%, P=0.008). The change in LDL-C level was not correlated with ΔPAV in non-DM patients, but there was significant correlation between the change in LDL-C level and ΔPAV in DM patients (r=0.52, P=0.008). Conclusions: ACS patients with DM showed weaker coronary plaque regression than their counterparts. A significant correlation between the change in LDL-C level and ΔPAV in DM patients suggested that more intensive lipid-lowering therapy is required in ACS patients with DM.
著者
Kengo Kusano Nobuyoshi Sugishita Masaharu Akao Hikari Tsuji Kunihiko Matsui Shinya Hiramitsu Yutaka Hatori Hironori Odakura Hiroyuki Kamada Koji Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-1244, (Released:2021-04-02)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
4

Background:Direct oral anticoagulants have become a standard therapy for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, little is known about their effectiveness/safety when prescribed by general practitioners to treat high-risk populations such as the elderly, those who are frail or have cognitive dysfunction.Methods and Results:In this multicenter, prospective study, a total of 5,717 NVAF patients (mean age 73.9 years) receiving rivaroxaban were registered by general practitioners, with a maximum 3-year follow up (mean 2.0±0.5 years). The primary endpoint was a composite of stroke and systemic embolism (SE). The annual incidence (per 100 person-years) of stroke/SE was 1.23% and for major bleeding, it was 0.63%. Multivariate analyses identified age ≥75 years (hazard ratio [HR]; 2.67, P<0.001) and history of ischemic stroke (HR; 1.89, P=0.005) as significant risk factors of stroke/SE, with history of major bleeding (HR; 14.9, P<0.001) and warfarin use (HR; 2.15, P=0.002) as risk factors for major bleeding events. Neither cognitive dysfunction, defined by the receipt of anti-dementia medications, nor frailty, evaluated by the classification of the Japanese Long-term Care Insurance system, correlated with stroke/SE or major bleeding events.Conclusions:The low incidence of adverse events, including stroke/SE and bleeding, in patients prescribed rivaroxaban by general practitioners supports its use as a safe and efficacious treatment in the standard clinical care of high-risk patient populations.
著者
Daisuke Sueta Eiichiro Yamamoto Hiroki Usuku Satoru Suzuki Taishi Nakamura Kunihiko Matsui Takaaki Akasaka Kazuhito Shiosakai Kotaro Sugimoto Kenichi Tsujita on behalf of the ESES-LVH Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.99-104, 2022-02-10 (Released:2022-02-10)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1

Background:The complication of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased incidence of major cardiovascular events. Hypertension is an independent risk factor among several factors contributing to the development of LVH, and thus appropriate treatment of both hypertension and LVH reduces the risk of developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid-receptor blockers (MRBs) have been reported to improve the prognosis of LVH, but use of currently available MRBs is limited by adverse events. Esaxerenone is a novel selective nonsteroidal MRB recently approved for treatment of hypertension. Although the renoprotective effect of esaxerenone has been demonstrated in both preclinical and clinical studies, little data is available in terms of its cardioprotective effects.Methods and Results:This multicenter, open-label, exploratory interventional study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of esaxerenone in combination with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors or calcium-channel blockers (CCBs). Eligible criteria are hypertensive patients with LVH, and target blood pressure (BP) not reached with an RAS inhibitor or a CCB. The primary endpoints are change from baseline in seated home BP (early morning systolic/diastolic BPs), and change and %change from baseline in the LV mass index at the end of treatment.Conclusions:This study will provide the first clinical evidence of the antihypertensive effect and safety of esaxerenone in hypertensive patients with LVH.
著者
Shinichi Takenoshita Kyoko Nomura Sachiko Ohde Gautam A. Deshpande Haruka Sakamoto Honami Yoshida Kevin Urayama Seiji Bito Yasushi Ishida Takuro Shimbo Kunihiko Matsui Tsuguya Fukui Osamu Takahashi
出版者
Tohoku University Medical Press
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.239, no.4, pp.325-331, 2016 (Released:2016-08-13)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
2 2

The evidence suggests that mentoring is one of useful teaching methods in academic medicine but it is not clear for which outcome mentoring is effective. In this study, the authors investigated the number of original research articles that the participants had published in peer-reviewed English-language journals (as a first or a corresponding author) within one year prior to investigation and what characteristics of the participants who published at least one paper would be like compared to those who did not. In March 2015, the authors recruit early- and mid-career Japanese physicians (238 men and 240 women; mean age 40.6 years old) in a web survey. In total, 23.9% of physicians had published at least one original research article as a first author, 10.0% had published as a corresponding author, and 23.4% had a research mentor. A multivariate logistic regression model adjusting for variables selected at p < 0.15 in univariable models showed that even after adjusting for their motivation levels for clinical research, physicians with a research mentor [odds ratio (OR) 6.68; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.74-11.93], physicians who obtained DMSc, roughly equivalent to PhD in the West (OR, 2.17; 95% CI, 1.26-3.72), and physicians who worked at teaching hospitals (OR 6.39; 95% CI, 2.54-16.04) were more likely to publish an original paper in a peer-reviewed journal. Having a research mentor or DMSc is associated with an experience of successfully publishing original papers in peer-reviewed journals for young and mid-career physician-researchers.