著者
Koichiro Fujisue Kenshi Yamanaga Suguru Nagamatsu Hideki Shimomura Takuro Yamashita Koichi Nakao Sunao Nakamura Masaharu Ishihara Kunihiko Matsui Naritsugu Sakaino Takashi Miyazaki Nobuyasu Yamamoto Shunichi Koide Toshiyuki Matsumura Kazuteru Fujimoto Ryusuke Tsunoda Yasuhiro Morikami Koushi Matsuyama Shuichi Oshima Kenji Sakamoto Yasuhiro Izumiya Koichi Kaikita Seiji Hokimoto Hisao Ogawa Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.54726, (Released:2020-05-20)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
6

Aim: Coronary plaque regression is weak in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). We evaluated whether dual lipid-lowering therapy (DLLT) with ezetimibe and atorvastatin attenuates coronary plaques in ACS patients with DM. Methods: The prospective, randomized controlled, multicenter PRECISE-IVUS (Plaque Regression with Cholesterol Absorption Inhibitor or Synthesis Inhibitor Evaluated by Intravascular Ultrasound) trial assigned 246 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to DLLT or atorvastatin monotherapy and evaluated IVUS-derived changes in percent atheroma volume (ΔPAV), at baseline and 9-12-month follow-up, in 126 ACS cases, including 25 DM patients. The atorvastatin dose was up-titrated to achieve low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) <70 mg/dL. Results: In DM patients, the monotherapy group (n=13) and the DLLT group (n=12) showed a similar prevalence of coronary risks and baseline lipid profiles. During the study, the change in LDL-C level was similar between DM and non-DM patients. Compared with non-DM patients, DM patients showed weaker regression of ΔPAV by DLLT than those who underwent monotherapy (DM: −2.77±3.47% vs. −0.77±2.51%, P=0.11; non-DM: −2.01±3.36% vs. −0.08±2.66%, P=0.008). The change in LDL-C level was not correlated with ΔPAV in non-DM patients, but there was significant correlation between the change in LDL-C level and ΔPAV in DM patients (r=0.52, P=0.008). Conclusions: ACS patients with DM showed weaker coronary plaque regression than their counterparts. A significant correlation between the change in LDL-C level and ΔPAV in DM patients suggested that more intensive lipid-lowering therapy is required in ACS patients with DM.
著者
Kazumasa Kurogi Masanobu Ishii Kenji Sakamoto Soichi Komaki Hiroaki Kusaka Nobuyasu Yamamoto Seiji Takashio Yuichiro Arima Eiichiro Yamamoto Koichi Kaikita Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.6, pp.917-925, 2020-05-25 (Released:2020-05-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
11 13

Background:The excessive volume of contrast needed is a significant limitation of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Low-molecular-weight dextran (LMWD) has been used for OCT image acquisition instead of contrast media. This study compared the effects of OCT-guided PCI using LMWD on renal function and clinical outcomes to those of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI.Methods and Results:In all, 1,183 consecutive patients who underwent intracoronary imaging-guided PCI were enrolled in this single-center, retrospective, observational study. After propensity score matching, 133 pairs of patients were assigned to undergo either OCT-guided PCI using LMWD or IVUS-guided PCI. There was no significant change from baseline in the primary endpoint, serum creatinine concentrations, after the procedure in either group. There were no significant differences between the OCT and IVUS groups in the volume of contrast medium, the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (1.5% vs. 2.3%; P=0.65), and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 30 days (2.3% vs. 6.0%; P=0.12) and 12 months (2.3% vs. 3.0%; P=0.70) after the procedure. Kaplan-Meier analysis at the 12-month follow-up revealed no significant difference in the incidence of MACE between the 2 groups (P=0.75).Conclusions:OCT-guided PCI using LMWD did not negatively affect renal function and achieved similar short- and long-term clinical outcomes to IVUS-guided PCI.