著者
Seiya MAEHARA Yoshiki ITOH Wataru KURIMOTO Yasunari KITAMURA Yosuke ITO Miri HAYASHI Arisa MASUKO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.20-0169, (Released:2020-05-21)

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pupil diameter on canine visual evoked potentials with pattern stimulation (P-VEP). Atropine eye drop (1.0%) was applied to both eyes as a cycloplegic drug, and tafluprost eye drop (0.015%) was applied to one eye that was selected randomly for miosis (miosis group). The other eye did not receive tafluprost (mydriasis group). P-VEP was recorded at three pattern sizes. The P100 implicit time at a small pattern size in the mydriasis group was significantly prolonged compared to the miosis group. We hypothesized that the prolonged P100 implicit time under mydriatic conditions was due to increased spherical aberrations and concluded that mydriatic conditions affected P100 implicit time in canine P-VEP recordings.
著者
Seiya MAEHARA Naoya MATSUMOTO Naoaki TAKIYAMA Yoshiki ITOH Yasunari KITAMURA Kazuto YAMASHITA Tadashi SANO Takaharu ITAMI Norihiko OYAMA Miri HAYASHI Reiko KATO Arisa SHIMODE Arisa MASUKO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0639, (Released:2020-04-14)

A twenty-year-old male Asiatic black bear (Ursus thibetanus) presented at the Rakuno Gakuen University Animal Medical Center with a 10-year history of bilateral blindness and cataracts. Surgical treatment of bilateral cataracts by extracapsular lensextraction using phacoemulsification and aspiration (PEA) was performed under general anesthesia. An anterior capsulectomy was performed using micro iris scissors and micro anterior lens capsule forceps. The cataract was removed with PEA using the two-handed technique. After surgery, systemic corticosteroids, anti-inflammatory drugs and antibiotics were administered. After cataract removal, the bear had recovered vision, and good quality vision has been maintained to date (15 months). PEA can be a safe and effective treatment for cataracts that impair vision in bears.
著者
Seiya MAEHARA Yoshiki ITOH Yosuke ITO Miri HAYASHI Arisa MASUKO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0334, (Released:2018-10-02)

We tried measurement of visual acuity in laboratory beagle using pattern stimulus visual evoked potential (P-VEP). We recorded P-VEP in 6 beagles which were corrected refractive power. The stimulus pattern size was 1.22 mm. The testing distance were 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 m. The visual angles and spatial frequency were calculated from stimulus pattern size and distance. In all subjects, P-VEP was clearly recorded in all testing distance, and this result means that the eye could recognized grid pattern on the stimulus monitor. When stimulus monitor was set up 2.0 m, spatial frequency was 14.29 cpd. From our results, it was founded that the visual acuity in laboratory beagle which was corrected refractive power was 14.29 cpd and more.
著者
Yosuke ITO Seiya MAEHARA Yoshiki ITOH Ai MATSUI Miri HAYASHI Akira KUBO Tsuyoshi UCHIDE
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0227, (Released:2015-12-08)
被引用文献数
1

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of refractive error on canine visual evoked potentials with pattern stimulation (P-VEP). Six normal beagle dogs were used. The refractive power of the recorded eyes was measured by skiascopy. The refractive power was corrected to −4 diopters (D) to +2 D using contact lens. P-VEP was recorded at each refractive power. The stimulus pattern size and distance were 50.3 arc-min and 50 cm. The P100 appeared at almost 100 msec at −2 D (at which the stimulus monitor was in focus). There was significant prolongation of the P100 implicit time at −4, −3, 0 and +1 D compared with −2 D, respectively. We concluded that the refractive power of the eye affected the P100 implicit time in canine P-VEP recording.
著者
Seiya MAEHARA Yoshiki ITOH Sho HOSHINO Miri HAYASHI Yosuke ITO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0647, (Released:2015-06-13)
被引用文献数
2

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dark adaptation time in canine electroretinography (ERG) using a contact lens electrode with a built-in LED. Twelve eyes of six normal laboratory beagle dogs were used and exposed to steady room light at 500 lux for 30 min for light adaption. ERG was recorded at different time points during dark adaptation in sedated and light-adapted beagles. The stimulus intensity was 0.0096 cd/m2/sec. The b-wave amplitude increased significantly until 25 min of dark adaptation, whereas no significant changes in amplitudes were observed after 30 min. Dark adaptation for more than 25 min would be necessary for accurate ERG in canine ERG using a contact lens electrode with a built-in LED.
著者
Yosuke ITO Seiya MAEHARA Yoshiki ITOH Miri HAYASHI Akira KUBO Takaharu ITAMI Tomohito ISHIZUKA Jun TAMURA Kazuto YAMASHITA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0345, (Released:2014-11-05)
被引用文献数
1 2

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sevoflurane concentration on canine visual evoked potentials with pattern stimulation (P-VEPs). Six clinically normal laboratory-beagle dogs were used. The minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane was detected from all subjects by tail clamp method. The refractive power of the right eyes of all subjects was corrected to −2 diopters after skiascopy. For P-VEP recording, the recording and reference electrode were positioned at inion and nasion, respectively, and the earth electrode was positioned on the inner surface. To grasp the state of CNS suppression objectively, the bispectral index (BIS) value was used. The stimulus pattern size and distance for VEP recording were constant, 50.3 arc-min and 50 cm, respectively. P-VEPs and BIS values were recorded under sevoflurane in oxygen inhalational anesthesia at 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 2.75 sevoflurane MAC. For analysis of P-VEP, the P100 implicit time and N75-P100 amplitude were estimated. P-VEPs were detected at 0.5 to 1.5 MAC in all dogs, and disappeared at 2.0 MAC in four dogs and at 2.5 and 2.75 MAC in one dog each. The BIS value decreased with increasing sevoflurane MAC, and burst suppression began to appear from 1.5 MAC. There was no significant change in P100 implicit time and N75-P100 amplitude with any concentration of sevoflurane. At concentrations around 1.5 MAC, which are used routinely to immobilize dogs, sevoflurane showed no effect on P-VEP.