Background: P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy without aspirin immediately after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) has not been tested in East Asian patients, so in this study we aimed to assess the safety and feasibility of reduced dose (3.75 mg/day) prasugrel monotherapy in Japanese patients presenting with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS).Methods and Results: ASET-JAPAN is a prospective, multicenter, single-arm pilot study that completed enrolment of 206 patients from 12 Japanese centers in September 2022. Patients with native de-novo coronary lesions and a SYNTAX score <23 were treated exclusively with biodegradable-polymer platinum-chromium everolimus-eluting stent(s). Patients were loaded with standard dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) and following successful PCI and optimal stent deployment, they received low-dose prasugrel (3.75 mg/day) monotherapy for 3 months. The primary ischemic endpoint was a composite of cardiac death, spontaneous target-vessel myocardial infarction, or definite stent thrombosis. The primary bleeding endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 3 or 5. At 3-month follow-up, there were no primary bleeding or ischemic events, or any stent thrombosis.Conclusions: This pilot study showed the safety and feasibility of prasugrel monotherapy in selected low-risk Japanese patients with CCS. This “aspirin-free” strategy may be a safe alternative to traditional DAPT following PCI.
Background:Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is increasingly being performed in very elderly patients, although its efficacy and validity remain unclear. This study evaluated real-world TAVI outcomes in Japanese nonagenarians with severe aortic stenosis.Methods and Results:This single-center study retrospectively assessed the early and long-term clinical outcomes of TAVI in nonagenarians (n=35) and in patients aged <90 years (group Y; n=171). There were no in-hospital deaths in either group. The device success rate and early safety were comparable between the 2 groups. The 5-year rates of freedom from cardiac events and deaths were equivalent in both groups. The cumulative survival rate at 5 years was non-significantly lower in nonagenarians (32.6% in nonagenarians vs. 57.5% in patients aged <90 years, P=0.49). There were no differences in the 5-year survival between nonagenarians after TAVI and the sex- and age-matched populations (P=0.18). The Cox regression model revealed that lower hemoglobin levels were associated with all-cause mortality (P=0.02), and age ≥90 years was not associated with all-cause mortality.Conclusions:The early and long-term clinical outcomes of TAVI for selected Japanese nonagenarians were comparable to those in patients aged <90 years. Nonagenarians who underwent TAVI achieved an acceptable prognosis compared to the sex- and age-matched population; thus, TAVI appears to be effective for treating aortic stenosis in Japanese nonagenarians.