著者
Satoru Sasaki Hiroyuki Kawamori Takayoshi Toba Ryo Takeshige Yusuke Fukuyama Takashi Hiromasa Hiroyuki Fujii Tomoyo Hamana Yuto Osumi Seigo Iwane Tetsuya Yamamoto Shota Naniwa Yuki Sakamoto Koshi Matsuhama Yuta Fukuishi Toshiro Shinke Ken-ichi Hirata Hiromasa Otake
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0312, (Released:2023-10-07)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
1

Background: Fractional flow reserve-computed tomography (FFRCT) has not been validated in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for coronary artery disease due to theoretical difficulties in using nitroglycerin for such patients.Methods and Results: In this single-center study, we prospectively enrolled 21 patients (34 vessels) and performed pre-TAVR FFRCTwithout nitroglycerin, pre-TAVR invasive instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) measurements, and post-TAVR FFR measurements using a pressure wire. The diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of pre-TAVR FFRCT≤0.80 to predict post-TAVR invasive FFR ≤0.80 were 82%, 83%, 82%, 71%, and 90%, respectively. A receiver operating characteristic analysis demonstrated an optimal cutoff of 0.78 for pre-TAVR FFRCTto indicate post-TAVR FFR ≤0.80, with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.84, and the counterpart cutoff of pre-TAVR iFR was 0.89 with an AUC of 0.86.Conclusions: FFRCTwithout nitroglycerin could be a useful non-invasive imaging modality for assessing the severity of coronary artery lesions in patients with severe AS.
著者
Hideaki Akase Takayuki Okamura Ryoji Nagoshi Tatsuhiro Fujimura Yosuke Miyazaki Hitoshi Takenaka Tetsuya Matsuyama Yoshinobu Murasato Masahiro Yamawaki Shiro Ono Takeshi Serikawa Yutaka Hikichi Hiroaki Norita Fumiaki Nakao Tomohiro Sakamoto Toshiro Shinke Masafumi Yano Junya Shite
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0723, (Released:2023-10-14)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
1

Background: Side branch (SB) occlusion during bifurcation stenting is a serious complication. This study aimed to predict SB compromise (SBC) using optical coherence tomography (OCT).Methods and Results: Among the 168 patients who enrolled in the 3D-OCT Bifurcation Registry, 111 bifurcation lesions were analyzed to develop an OCT risk score for predicting SBC. SBC was defined as worsening of angiographic SB ostial stenosis (≥90%) immediately after stenting. On the basis of OCT before stenting, geometric parameters (SB diameter [SBd], length from proximal branching point to carina tip [BP-CT length], and distance of the polygon of confluence [dPOC]) and 3-dimensional bifurcation types (parallel or perpendicular) were evaluated. SBC occurred in 36 (32%) lesions. The parallel-type bifurcation was significantly more frequent in lesions with SBC. The receiver operating characteristic curve indicated SBd ≤1.77 mm (area under the curve [AUC]=0.73, sensitivity 64%, specificity 75%), BP-CT length ≤1.8 mm (AUC=0.83, sensitivity 86%, specificity 68%), and dPOC ≤3.96 mm (AUC=0.68, sensitivity 63%, specificity 69%) as the best cut-off values for predicting SBC. To create the OCT risk score, we assigned 1 point to each of these factors. As the score increased, the frequency of SBC increased significantly (Score 0, 0%; Score 1, 8.7%; Score 2, 28%; Score 3, 58%; Score 4, 85%; P<0.0001).Conclusions: Prediction of SBC using OCT is feasible with high probability.
著者
Junya Ako Kiyoshi Hibi Kenichi Tsujita Takafumi Hiro Yoshihiro Morino Ken Kozuma Toshiro Shinke Hiromasa Otake Kiyoko Uno Michael J Louie Yoshiharu Takagi Katsumi Miyauchi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0412, (Released:2019-08-20)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
30

Background:In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), alirocumab reduced the risk of recurring ischemic events. ODYSSEY J-IVUS assessed the effect of alirocumab on coronary atheroma volume in Japanese patients recently hospitalized with ACS and hypercholesterolemia, using intravascular ultrasound imaging analysis.Methods and Results:Patients (n=206) who at index ACS diagnosis either had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥2.59 mmol/L (≥100 mg/dL) despite stable statin therapy, or were not on statins with LDL-C levels above target after statin initiation, were randomized (1:1) to alirocumab (75 mg every 2 weeks [Q2 W]/up to 150 mg Q2 W), or standard of care (SoC; atorvastatin ≥10 mg/day or rosuvastatin ≥5 mg/day) for 36 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint (week [W] 36 mean [standard error] percent change in normalized total atheroma volume [TAV] from baseline) was −3.1 (1.0)% with SoC vs. −4.8 (1.0)% with alirocumab (between-group difference: −1.6 [1.4]; P=0.23). W36 absolute change from baseline in percent atheroma volume was −1.3 (0.4)% (SoC) and −1.4 (0.4)% (alirocumab; nominal P=0.79). At W36, LDL-C was reduced from baseline by 13.4% (SoC) vs. 63.9% (alirocumab; nominal P<0.0001). In total, 61.8% (SoC) and 75.7% (alirocumab) of patients reported treatment-emergency adverse events.Conclusions:In Japanese patients with ACS and hypercholesterolemia inadequately controlled despite statin therapy, from baseline to W36, a numerically greater percent reduction in normalized TAV was observed with alirocumab vs. SoC, which did not reach statistical significance.
著者
Hiromasa Otake Kosuke Tanimura Yoichiro Sugizaki Takayoshi Toba Hiroyuki Kawamori Toshiro Shinke Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.2, pp.107-111, 2019-02-08 (Released:2019-02-08)
参考文献数
21

Background: Despite evidence of the effects of alirocumab on the incidence of acute coronary events, its impact on plaque stabilization remains uncertain. The present study will investigate the effect of alirocumab on fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and Results: This phase IV, open-label, randomized, blinded near-infrared spectroscopy plus intravascular ultrasound (NIRS-IVUS) analysis, parallel-group, single-center study will enroll Japanese adults recently hospitalized for PCI with suboptimal low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control (>70 mg/dL) despite stable statin therapy. Thirty patients will be randomized to receive either alirocumab or standard of care. The alirocumab group will receive alirocumab 75 mg every 2 weeks plus 10 mg rosuvastatin per day. The standard-of-care group will receive 10 mg rosuvastatin per day with dose adjustment to achieve LDL-C <70 mg/dL. Post-treatment NIRS-IVUS will be performed at week 36. The primary endpoint is the change in maximum lipid core burden index in 4-mm pullback compartments (maxLCBI[4 mm]) between baseline and week 36. Secondary endpoints include change in LCBI (lesion), angle of lipid core, plaque burden, and serum lipids and biomarkers related to atherosclerosis and inflammation. Conclusions: The study will clarify the effects of alirocumab on thin-cap fibroatheroma in patients who underwent recent PCI and who have suboptimal LDL-C control with stable statin therapy.
著者
Masato Nakamura Kazushige Kadota Koichi Nakao Yoshihisa Nakagawa Junya Shite Hiroyoshi Yokoi Ken Kozuma Kengo Tanabe Takashi Akasaka Toshiro Shinke Takafumi Ueno Atsushi Hirayama Shiro Uemura Atsushi Harada Takeshi Kuroda Atsushi Takita Raisuke Iijima Yoshitaka Murakami Shigeru Saito
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-1058, (Released:2021-02-11)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
8

Background:Outcomes with prasugrel single antiplatelet therapy (SAPT) vs. dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in Japanese percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients with high bleeding risk (HBR) are currently unknown.Methods and Results:Data from 1,173 SAPT and 2,535 DAPT patients from the PENDULUM mono and PENDULUM registry studies (respective median DAPT durations: 108 vs. 312 days) were compared. The adjusted cumulative incidence of Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 2, 3, or 5 bleeding from 1 to 12 months after PCI (primary endpoint) was 2.8% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9–4.2) and 4.1% (95% CI, 3.3–5.1), respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.69; 95% CI, 0.45–1.06; P=0.090). The adjusted cumulative incidences of BARC 2, 3, or 5 bleeding from 0 to 12 months after PCI (secondary endpoint) were 3.8% (95% CI, 2.7–5.3) and 5.6% (95% CI, 4.7–6.7), respectively (HR, 0.68; 95% CI, 0.47–0.98; P=0.039). There was no significant difference in major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) from 1 to 12 months after PCI (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.63–1.37; P=0.696) and at 12 months after PCI (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.61–1.19; P=0.348) between the groups.Conclusions:Prasugrel SAPT may reduce BARC 2, 3, or 5 bleeding, without increasing MACCE, in Japanese patients with HBR.
著者
Naoki Tamada Kazuhiko Nakayama Kenichi Yanaka Hiroyuki Onishi Yuto Shinkura Yu Taniguchi Hiroto Kinutani Yasunori Tsuboi Kazuhiro P. Izawa Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi Hiromasa Otake Hiroshi Tanaka Toshiro Shinke Yutaka Okita Noriaki Emoto Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.228-234, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
2

Background:While hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can be improved by invasive therapy such as pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), there has been little data on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in such patients.Methods and Results:This single-center and observational study compared the impact of invasive therapy on HRQOL. We utilized the Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short Health Survey (SF-36) to measure HRQOL and compared HRQOL changes after PEA and BPA. A total of 48 patients were diagnosed with CTEPH. Of these, 39 patients completed questionnaires before and after invasive therapy. The PEA group (n=15) and the BPA group (n=24) had similar improvements in clinical parameters. With regard to HRQOL score, both groups had fairly low scores in physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), general health (GH), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and physical component summary (PCS) at baseline. PF, GH, vitality (VT), mental health (MH), and PCS had significant improvements in the PEA group while PCS and all subscales except for bodily pain (BP) had significant improvements in the BPA group. Furthermore, changes between baseline and follow-up were not significantly different between the 2 groups.Conclusions:BPA for patients who are ineligible for PEA can recover HRQOL to a similar level to that achieved by PEA.
著者
Ryo Nishio Toshiro Shinke Hiromasa Otake Takahiro Sawada Yoko Haraguchi Masakazu Shinohara Ryuji Toh Tatsuro Ishida Masayuki Nakagawa Ryoji Nagoshi Amane Kozuki Takumi Inoue Hirotoshi Hariki Tsuyoshi Osue Yu Taniguchi Masamichi Iwasaki Noritoshi Hiranuma Akihide Konishi Hiroto Kinutani Junya Shite Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.10, pp.2348-2355, 2012 (Released:2012-09-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
15 37

Background: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 polymorphism is associated with reduced responsiveness to clopidogrel and poor clinical outcome after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, but its contribution to lesion outcome after DES implantation is unclear. Methods and Results: The study included 160 Japanese patients who received clopidogrel and underwent DES implantation with follow-up angiography. Patients were divided into 3 groups by CYP2C19 polymorphism: extensive metabolizers (EM), intermediate metabolizers (IM), and poor metabolizers (PM). The incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and target lesion revascularization (TLR) were compared among the 3 groups. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed for 120 patients to evaluate the incidence of intra-stent thrombi. Of the 160 patients, the proportion of EM, IM, and PM was 37.5%, 48.1%, and 14.4%, respectively. The incidence of TLR and MACE was more frequent in IM and PM than EM (TLR: 18.2% and 26.1% vs. 3.3%, P=0.008, MACE: 22.1% and 30.4% vs. 5.0%, P=0.005). Among the 120 patients who underwent follow-up OCT, intra-stent thrombi were more frequently detected in IM and PM than in EM (45.6% and 63.2% vs. 20.5%, P=0.005). The incidence of TLR was significantly higher in patients with than in those without intra-stent thrombi (27.7% vs. 6.8%, P=0.003). Conclusions: CYP2C19 loss-of-function polymorphism might be associated with the incidence of MACE and TLR in association with intra-stent thrombi.  (Circ J 2012; 76: 2348–2355)
著者
Kenta Mori Tatsuro Ishida Tomoyuki Yasuda Minoru Hasokawa Tomoko Monguchi Maki Sasaki Kensuke Kondo Hideto Nakajima Masakazu Shinohara Toshiro Shinke Yasuhiro Irino Ryuji Toh Kunihiro Nishimura Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0750, (Released:2015-07-13)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
8 37

Background:Adverse effects of dietary intake of trans-fatty acids (TFA) on the incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) are well recognized in Western countries. The risk of TFA, however, has not been well clarified in Japan. We investigated the association of serum TFA concentration with serum lipid profile, coronary risk factors, and prevalence of CAD.Methods and Results:A total of 902 patients, who were hospitalized at Kobe University Hospital from July 2008 to March 2012 and gave written informed consent, were enrolled in this study. Among them, 463 patients had CAD, and 318 patients had metabolic syndrome (MetS). Serum TFA, elaidic acid (trans-9-C18:1) and linolelaidic acid (trans-9, 12-C18:2), were measured on gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Serum TFA level had a positive correlation with body mass index, waist circumference, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoprotein B48, and an inverse correlation with age and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Fasting serum TFA, by age quartile in the young generation with CAD and/or MetS, was higher than that in patients without CAD and/or MetS. On multivariate logistic regression, TFA was identified as a CAD risk after adjustment for classical risk factors.Conclusions:Serum TFA concentration was elevated in young patients with CAD and/or MetS. Diet-derived TFA may cause a serious health problem, particularly in the young generation in Japan.