- 名古屋大学大学院教育発達科学研究科紀要. 教育科学 (ISSN:13460307)
- vol.65, no.2, pp.97-107, 2019-03-31
The purpose of this paper is to clarify how the existence of family for a teacher affects the way he/ she works, revealing gender differences. Recently in Japan a “work style reform” has been suggested in the hopes of alleviating overly long working hours as well as to better appreciate the diversity of working styles. This movement also includes adopting a more open attitude toward balancing childcare, nursing care, and career, so the reform also includes a focus on the family members of workers. This reform talk has encouraged active discussion about teachers’ work styles. However, where previous research has clarified the situation of long working hours and the resultant mental health of teachers, there are few studies focusing on diversity among teachers. In particular, there are few studies that focus on gender differences or on differences in family relationships among teachers. This paper, which focuses on gender differences in teaching takes into consideration the family style of teachers and the effect it has on the actual condition of teachers’ working styles. The following three has been clarified. (1) Working time commitment is shorter when a teacher has their own children. In addition, working hours tend to be shorter for female teachers. (2) Wheras women teachers express they feel busier when they have their own children, this tendency was not seen among male teachers with children. (3) Analyzing work hours and busyness, in general, teachers with children feel busier than teachers without children, with female teachers feeling four times busier than male teachers. This paper suggests a necessity to discuss the existence of teachers’ families when discussing the “work style reform” that will affect them.