- 学習院女子大学紀要 (ISSN:13447378)
- no.16, pp.85-93, 2014-03
The movie Black Swan is directed by Darren Aronofsky. The title of this movie comes from the ballet performance, Swan Lake. The title refers to the third act of Swan Lake in which two swans, one black (Odile), and one white (Odette), feature. The black swan appears as a mysterious princess who betrays her Prince. In the story the audience is required to speculate as to whether the two swans are different, or they represent the divided selves of the same swan who was previously female. In the movie there are a number of recurring themes, among which are: mirrors;doubles; the colors; the mother-daughter relationship; the referential motif of fairytales; and fantasy and reality. These motifs are emphasized by their repetition. Afterbeing appointed as the principal dancer of a new production of Swan Lake by an artisticdirector of a ballet company in New York City, the heroine, Nina Sayers, meets a series of doubles many times, in a variety of real life situations and as reflected images inmirrors. As the title suggests, colors are also important motifs in the movie, especially,black, white, and red. Red symbolizes the color of blood. The mother-daughterrelationship is also explored, with this relationship having echoes of Snow White.Nina's mother has a conflicting and simultaneous love for and jealousy of her daughter.She has always supported and helped her daughter, but after Nina is chosen as the principal dancer of the company, her mother comes to envy her.