- マテシス・ウニウェルサリス = Mathesis Universalis (ISSN:13452770)
- vol.16, no.2, pp.71-85, 2015-03
Abstract: Japanese first and last name are put in the order of family name + given name. Family name origined from clan (lineage) name is a habit that had entered into Japan from China and the Korean Peninsula 6-7th century. Until then in Japan it was not the habit that claiming the family name. Almost all of the people had the family name in the early 8th century family register. In there a husband and wife have each different surnames. It’s normal that Couple has different surnames respectively until then through to modern times. From the late Heian period, around the 12th century, using the name of the settlements or territory instead of the clan name has increased. However, when it comes to the Edo period, be able to have the family name (surname) was only nobles and samurai. And into the modern times, finally all the people came to be with the last name. Furthermore by former Civil Code, which came into effect in 1898, the couple was established as a system be same surname. Okinawan people also did not have a last name until the Ryukyu kingdom is established. So that the royal family is claiming“Sho, 尚”as surname in the Sakuhō(冊封) system to China. When it comes to be dominated by the Satsuma-han in the early 17th century, Ryukyu’s samurai would have the two types of name, as Karana (Chinese style) and Yamatona (Japanese style). After 1879, when belonging to Japan to become the Okinawa Prefecture, it becomes to follow the laws of Japan, people also began to have a surname also as a place name. Since then, in the history of the US military occupation, and the return to Japan, have been born a lot of family names.