- 武道学研究 (ISSN:02879700)
- vol.46, no.2, pp.87-98, 2014-01-31 (Released:2015-01-31)
The purpose of this study is to examine through available documents and previous research how kendo was introduced and developed in Korea in the modern Joesen period. The study results are as follows.In general the leading role in the international spread of kendo was played by the emigration of Japanese people and the martial arts organization known as the Dai Nippon Butokukai. However in the case of Korea, kendo or gekken (as it was called then) was introduced as part of the late Joseon dynasty’s modernization policy. The reason for the introduction at that time was the victory of Japanese army in the Sino-Japanese War.At that time, namely in 1895, gekken was first introduced as a training exercise in the police force. Then in 1904 it became a subject in the military academy training. Because at that time of the Joseon dynasty the military academy was under the Ministry of Education, gekken came to be seen as a part of school physical education.But since the Ulsa treaty of 1905 and the growth of nationalism with the crisis of the loss of national sovereignty, kendo as school physical education developed characteristics of the patriotic movement.