著者
向井 智哉 松木 祐馬
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.27, no.3, pp.95-103, 2020-05-30 (Released:2020-06-05)
参考文献数
62

This study aimed to explore how emotional reactions toward criminals and victims affect punitiveness, with special attention to fear, anger, and empathy. Past research on punitiveness has long emphasized the role of emotion in determining individual levels of punitiveness. However, these studies have at least two limitations: 1) varying definitions of punitiveness among studies, and 2) limited scope of research—mainly limited to Western countries. We addressed these limitations by using a validified scale measuring punitiveness in the Japanese context. Questionnaires were distributed to 330 individuals. The results showed that fear of crime, anger toward criminals, and empathy toward criminals and victims were all correlated with two sub-constructs of punitiveness (support for harsher punishment and criminalization). However, once other variables were controlled, only anger toward criminals and fear of crime showed a significant relation with punitiveness, suggesting that these two emotion-related variables play an important role in determining punitiveness. The implications of the study are discussed.

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J-STAGE Articles - 厳罰傾向と犯罪者および被害者に対する感情的反応との関連─犯罪不安,怒り,共感に着目して─ https://t.co/6Q3xjgVsJJ
【論文メモ】向井・松木(2020) 感心研/犯罪者に対する怒りと犯罪不安は厳罰傾向に影響を与える。犯罪不安と厳罰傾向の関連は水準ごとで異なる。被害者・犯罪者への共感から厳罰傾向への有意な影響はみられなかったが、怒りを介したプロセスや影響の打ち消し合いの可能性。https://t.co/s9Cc9Zjwn4

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