著者
一言 英文 新谷 優 松見 淳子
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.3-24, 2008 (Released:2008-12-17)
参考文献数
107
被引用文献数
12 or 0

We tested the cross-cultural applicability of Greenberg's (1980) “Indebtedness model” in Japan and United States. We hypothesized that while the major antecedent of indebtedness is the recipient's benefit for American students, those of Japanese students is the donor's cost perceived by the recipient. University students from U.S.A. (n=151, male=47, female=104) and Japan (n=88, male=25, female=63) reported their recent experience of being aided by their families, friends, and strangers. They also rated on 75 items of questions concerning the intensities of indebtedness and other emotions they felt on receipt of aid, impression of the donor, and the amount of benefit and perceived donor's cost. Supporting our hypothesis, recipient's benefit was the major antecedent of indebtedness for American students and perceived donor's cost was the major antecedent for Japanese students. We also found positive correlation between the intensities of positive and negative emotions evoked by receiving aid, and a small amount of negative impression of the donor from one's own family only in the Japanese sample.
著者
澤田 匡人
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.36-48, 2008 (Released:2008-12-17)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
6 or 0

The present study examined the effect of envy and personality traits on the elicitation of Schadenfreude — pleasure at another's misfortune. The participants were 201 Japanese undergraduates. They responded to scenarios in which the target person was similar to them in terms of gender, and was made to appear either superior or average. The epilogue of scenarios informed participants that the target person had suffered a misfortune. Factor analysis of data indicated dual factors for the 13 items on the scale — Schadenfreude and sympathy. Analysis of variance revealed that the rating for Schadenfreude was higher for men than women, and that score was higer in the scenario in which the target person was superior than average. In addition, path analysis indicated that participants who had low self-seteem tended to feel envy, and this envy also mediated subsequent Schadenfreude. On the other hand, reported guilt of women predicted positively to sympathy, and that score predicted negatively to Schadenfreude.This finding suggested that guilt was the key variable that made gender differences of Schadenfreude and sympathy.
著者
大上 真礼
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.3, pp.119-126, 2017-05-15 (Released:2017-06-13)
参考文献数
36

Munashisa, or the feeling of emptiness, is an increasing challenge for elderly people in Japan. To explore how age and gender affect how munashisa is experienced, 250 men and 250 women, aged 60–79 were asked to complete sentences beginning with “Munashisa is.” They also described situations in which munashisa occurs. A text mining analysis of their answers revealed how Japanese elderly people think about or experience munashisa and the situations in which they feel it. It became clear that both gender and age affects the way in which people think about and experience munashisa. This study has shed some light on munashisa among the elderly in Japan, and serves as a base for further study.
著者
中西 大輔 井川 純一 志和 資朗
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.3, pp.118-127, 2015-03-01 (Released:2015-07-07)
参考文献数
17

This study investigates the relationship between confidence and regret. We predicted that high levels of confidence—where confidence is defined as reduced counterfactual thinking—would limit the experience of regret. A previous study by Gilovich & Medvec (1995) found an action/inaction effect, where regret is higher when one fails to act. However, this effect may no longer exist once we conceptually distinguish the decision to act from one's confidence about that decision. The decision to act is usually accompanied with a high level of confidence, and little counterfactual thinking. We hypothesized that regardless of action/inaction, regret will be significantly lower when a decision is made with high confidence. In Experiment 1, participants read a series of scenarios and made a decision. Before receiving feedback on their decision, participants rated their level of confidence about the decision. In Experiment 2, participants read a hypothetical mistake made by an individual and estimated that individual's level of regret. The results support our hypothesis that level of confidence about decisions affects feelings of regret.
著者
杉浦 義典
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.2, pp.167-177, 2008 (Released:2008-12-17)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
4 or 6

Potential benefits of the construct of mindfulness for the research in two interactive fields (emotion regulation and psychological treatment) are discussed. Mindfulness has a two-fold meaning. A mindful state represents “paying attention in a particular way: on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmentally” (Kabat-Zinn, 1994, p.4). In contrast, mindfulness meditation denotes specific intervention to actively control one's attention. Three directions for future investigation were suggested by these characteristics of mindfulness. (1) Detached coping as a common working ingredient of diverse psychological interventions, together with its attentional underpinning. (2) Potential benefit of focusing on one's body. (3) The importance of commitment to one's values in psychological well-being. Mindfulness intervention differs from existing psychotherapies in several respects. For example, it does not deliberately focus on distressing thoughts and does not mandate a standard interview format. In addition, it is easy to operationalize (to measure and to manualize). These unique features are expected to work as catalysts for generating new ideas in future investigations.
著者
髙橋 亜希
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.68-77, 2016-01-30 (Released:2016-04-12)
参考文献数
27

The present study developed a Japanese version of the Highly Sensitive Person Scale (HSPS) which was first devised by Aron and Aron (1997). The basis of the scale was to measure individual differences in sensory-processing sensitivity (SPS). In Study 1, the author identified 27 items of Japanese version (HSPS-J) after repeated bilateral translations and data collected from 324 college students exhibiting sufficient reliability of the scale. In Study 2, 369 undergraduates answered HSPS-J and other questionnaires to measure personality dimensions. 19 items remained after excluding the items with low factor loading scores. Factor analysis demonstrated 19 items of HSPS-J (HSPS-J19) having a three-factored structure of Low Sensory Threshold, Ease of Excitation, and Aesthetic Sensitivity. Adequate internal consistency was demonstrated by Cronbach's alpha, and its validity was also shown in terms of the relationship with personality dimensions of Neuroticism and Introversion.
著者
廣瀬 信之 牛島 悠介 森 周司
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.1, pp.20-27, 2014-09-01 (Released:2014-12-12)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
1 or 0

In computer-mediated communication, the lack of nonverbal cues such as facial expression, tone of voice, gestures leads to difficulties in communicating emotional states. Emoticons and pictograms are visual cues suggestive of facial expression or emotion and have been recently used as nonverbal surrogates in computer-mediated communication. The present study investigated whether and how visual cues (emoticons or pictograms) influence emotional communication in mobile text-messaging that conveys the following emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, or anxiety. The results showed that visual cues depicting a smile facilitate the communication of happiness, irrespective of the type of cue. The communication of anger was also facilitated by a pictogram depicting this emotion, but the intensity of sadness was relieved by a crying face pictogram. In the case of anxiety, visual cues had no effect on emotional communication. The rated degree of emotion differed between pictograms which are converted according to the mapping table but have different appearances. Furthermore, we found that the colors of pictograms facilitate emotional communication. These findings help understanding of the effective transmission of emotional states in text-messaging on mobile phones.
著者
加藤 樹里 村田 光二
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.82-91, 2017-02-28 (Released:2017-04-06)
参考文献数
40

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of finitude salience and the meditational effect of uncovering the social values on the emotional responses of being moved. We tested the hypothesis that the narrative depiction of separation as finitude salience would result in readers uncovering the social values of the story, and increase their emotional responses of being moved. Participants read a novel whose theme was friendship with or without the depiction of separation. Then, all the participants rated the extent to which they were moved by the novel. As hypothesized, our results indicated that participants who read the novel that depicted separation were more strongly moved. In addition, mediational data demonstrated that the effect of the depiction of separation on being moved could be explained by the participants' uncovering of the social values of the story.
著者
大坪 庸介 小西 直喜
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.22, no.3, pp.141-146, 2015-03-01 (Released:2015-07-07)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1 or 0

Human societies are characterized by large-scale cooperation among genetically unrelated individuals. One evolutionary explanation for such human ultra-sociality is the notion of “strong reciprocity,” which posits that strong reciprocators not only unconditionally cooperate but also punish non-cooperators in order to enforce cooperative norms within their groups. Supportive evidence for strong reciprocity is that people tend to punish non-cooperators in various experimental settings. However, employing more precise definitions and refined methodologies, recent studies cast serious doubt on the presence of punitive sentiments/behaviors toward non-cooperators. Nonetheless, people do report anger toward violators of shared norms of their community. In addition, violation of the honesty norm (presumably, an instance of widely shared norms) seems to reliably trigger third-party punishment. It seems important to clearly distinguish “shared-norm violators” from “non-cooperators” in order to understand human ultra-sociality.
著者
佐伯 政男 大石 繁宏
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.92-98, 2014-02-01 (Released:2014-06-04)
参考文献数
50

Since the mid 1980s, subjective well-being research has blossomed into a major research area in psychology and related disciplines. Subjective well-being researchers have advanced our understanding of the correlates, causes, and consequences of happiness. Some of the early research findings, however, have been overturned lately. The present article revisits the early research questions such as the effect of weather, item order, hedonic adaptation, and money, and summarizes the most definitive findings so far on these issues. In addition, the present article summarizes the recent research on social relationships and perception, which helps explain why social relationships are so important in happiness.

5 0 0 0 OA 心の闇の側面

著者
大隅 尚広 大平 英樹
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.2-14, 2010-07-31 (Released:2011-09-01)
参考文献数
94

This review summarizes empirical findings that have shown affective deficits of psychopathy. Previous studies have accounted for a failure of moral socialization in individuals with psychopathy in terms of low levels of fearfulness and empathy that may lead to an attenuated ability to inhibit deviant behaviors in response to punishments and distress cues from others. Both low-fear and low-empathy hypotheses have implied that a neural basis of psychopathy is a dysfunction of amygdala, a brain region of the center in affective processing. However, the affective dysfunction of psychopathy can also be associated with adaptive behaviors to maximize gains and minimize losses in some situations. Hence, we propose that psychopathy is one side of humans to shape a selfish strategy if necessary.
著者
茂本 由紀 武藤 崇
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.24, no.2, pp.61-70, 2017-02-28 (Released:2017-04-06)
参考文献数
33

The purpose of this study was to develop the Kanji (Chinese characters) Maze Technique (KMT) as a new measure for assessing both rigidity and relational framing, and to investigate KMT's validity as a measure of the rigidity. In addition, a preliminary analysis of KMT's validity as a measure of relational framing was investigated. A total of 67 undergraduate students answered questionnaires and completed the KMT and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). After the experiment, six raters evaluated the KMT's believability based on the participants' feedback. KMT's validity as a measure of rigidity was examined through a comparison with WCST, and by assessing its believability. These results showed that the KMT is a valid measure of rigidity. In the preliminary analysis of KMT's validity as a measure of relational framing, the feature of reaction time in each section was investigated. The results showed that the reaction time of the Set section was less influenced by choosing a route, so it was shown that there was possibility to apply the reaction time to measure relational framing.
著者
福田 正治
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.25-35, 2008 (Released:2008-12-17)
参考文献数
86
被引用文献数
0 or 2

This paper proposes an evolutionary hierarchical hypothesis that feelings in humans consist of four levels of emotion based on brain structure, brain functions, brain evolution and emotional evolution. Feelings in humans are composed of primitive emotion, basic emotion, social feeling and intellectual feeling, with respect to evolution. Primitive emotion is composed of pleasure and unpleasure, that are affected by body homeostasis in relation to environment. Basic emotion is composed of joy, anger, fear, disgust and acceptance or love, that are strongly dependent on survival of predator-prey situations, and gene competition for sexual selection. Social feeling might be induced by cooperation and competition in groups. Intellectual feeling is separated from social feeling in humans, and functions on a symbiotic and existence nature. This paper discusses each nature on four levels of human feeling based on hierarchical hypothesis of feelings.
著者
大平 英樹
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
エモーション・スタディーズ (ISSN:21897425)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.2-12, 2017-10-01 (Released:2018-01-10)
参考文献数
28

Lisa Feldman-Barrett, who has promoted a psychological constructivism theory of affect, recently proposed the Embodied Predictive Interoception Coding (EPIC) model of affect, on the basis of the perspective of predictive coding. The theoretical framework of predictive coding argues that the brain creates inner models which can provide predictions for perception and motor movement, and that perception and behaviors are emerged from Bayesian computations rooted on the predictions. The EPIC model expands this perspective into interoception, which is perception of inner body states, and tries to explain phenomena of affect as integrative experiences based on interoception. This article introduces concepts of the EPIC model and examines the model by referencing to empirical findings.
著者
中村 晃 相良 陽一郎
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.21, no.2, pp.72-79, 2014-02-01 (Released:2014-06-04)
参考文献数
16

This study investigated the difference of impression between live and recorded music. University students (N=205) were requested to complete a questionnaire including scales of mood, affective value of music and evaluation toward the music after listening live and recorded piano music. The results suggested that live stimulative music maintained high level of active feelings and live sedative music increased relax feelings compared to recorded music. In addition, compared to recorded music, live music induced less feeling of fatigue. Moreover live music was preferred and appreciated compared to recorded music though no significant difference was observed between live and recorded music in terms of “brightness” and “speed”, which are the subscales of affective value of music.
著者
片平 健太郎
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
エモーション・スタディーズ (ISSN:21897425)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.1, pp.18-24, 2017-10-01 (Released:2018-01-10)
参考文献数
19

Computational models are becoming important tools in psychology. They offer a way to describe and investigate behaviors and physiology of living systems. However, it has yet been sufficiently discussed how they contribute to studies on emotion. In this paper, I discuss the role of the computational models in studies on emotion, introducing example studies. Emotions emerge as a construct that corresponds to variables or parameters of computational models during the processes of modeling behavioral or physiological data. Computational models also contribute to clarify the function of emotions in adaptive behaviors.
著者
白井 真理子 鈴木 直人
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.2, pp.59-67, 2016-01-30 (Released:2016-04-12)
参考文献数
24

This study examined differences of sadness elicited by six types of situation by using subjective ratings. The previous studies haven't clarified that physiological responses in sadness were uncertain compared with other emotions. These findings suggest one possibility that there are different types of sadness. In order to investigate this assumption, we created a questionnaire composed of descriptive terms to express sadness. The questionnaire was extracted three factors, “tear,” “chest ache,” and “powerless.” Using this, we also examined the time-course change of features of sadness based on six sadness-eliciting situations. Results showed two patterns of change as time progressed. Type 1 is that ratings of three factors maintain high value along time change. This pattern is elicited by situations such as loss, personal injury or disease and loneliness. Type 2 is that ratings decreased over time. This pattern is elicited by situations like unable to achieve a goal, romantic breakup and family friction. In conclusion, considering temporal change, this study revealed two different features showed in three factors suggesting the possibility that different types of sadness were reflected in subjective ratings.
著者
大上 真礼
出版者
日本感情心理学会
雑誌
感情心理学研究 (ISSN:18828817)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.23, no.1, pp.1-11, 2015-09-30 (Released:2015-10-08)
参考文献数
23

“Emptiness” (Munashisa in Japanese) is a common feeling, yet there are a few studies of the feeling in our country. They suggest that emptiness is related to identity reconstruction, but researches that shows the process of emptiness doesn't exist and that of old stage doesn't, either. The purpose of this study is to clarify the process of arousal and continuance of emptiness during the young-old stage. The data of 14 people (7 men, 7 women; age of 62–78) from semi-structured interviews were analyzed with Grounded Theory Approach. Young-olds' emptiness was experienced in 3 circumstances: Searching hobbies, changes of parent-child relationship, conducting themselves in the business community. In every situation, they recognize various types of aging or life events in the developmental state at first. Then the loss of control realized. And they couldn't take the initiative, feel emptiness. The results also suggest that though young-olds are struggling to get out of the process of emptiness, but often fail and feel it again.