著者
横山 勝三
出版者
特定非営利活動法人 日本火山学会
雑誌
火山 (ISSN:04534360)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.45, no.4, pp.209-216, 2000-08-28 (Released:2017-03-20)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

The Ito ignimbrite, the product of a big eruption at Aira caldera about 24,500 y B. P., is distributed very extensively around the caldera in south Kyushu. The region within about 70 km from the center of the caldera was the previously known extent of distribution of the ignimbrite. Recent field research revealed, however, Iocal but extensively-scattered distribution of the ignimbrite in many places beyond the previously known extent of distribution northwest to northeast of the caldera. The farthest site of distribution of the ignimbrite is located about 90 km north of the caldera, indicating that the Ito pyroclastic flow originally spread at least 20 km farther than the previously known extent. The ignimbrite in the remote region is characteristically fine-grained compared with the one near the source. Both pumice and lithic fragments in the ignimbrite decrease, as a whole, in size with distance from source. However, the size of lithic fragments increases in the mountainous area beyond 70 km from source. This is because lithic fragments were incorporated into the pyroclastic flow from local land surface probably due to increased turbulence of pyroclastic flow during the passage on the irregular basal relief. The most remote ignimbrite, at a site 90 km from source, attains to about 35 m in thickness and contains abundant lithics of 5-15 cm in diameter, suggesting that the Ito pyroclastic flow spread farther beyond.

言及状況

外部データベース (DOI)

Yahoo!知恵袋 (2 users, 2 posts)

この報告では、大通り峠が五木村平野が分布の北限のようです。 J-stage 横山(2000)入戸火砕流堆積物の分布北限 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/kazan/45/4/45_KJ00001052820/_p... 詳しい露頭の位置はわかりません。川辺川沿いの平野では、厚さが35mあると書かれていますから、露頭があるのではないでしょうか。 ...
現存する堆積物の範囲は、例えば、横山さんの論文がよく使われますね。 https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/kazan/45/4/45_KJ00001052820/_a... 地質学的には、堆積後に浸食してなくなってしまったもの、上に別のものが堆積してしまったものは見ることができません。火山学ではこのように、現存する範囲を示すのが、確実だというこ ...

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