著者
池内 恵
出版者
一般財団法人 日本国際政治学会
雑誌
国際政治 (ISSN:04542215)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2014, no.175, pp.175_115-175_129, 2014-03-30 (Released:2015-09-05)
参考文献数
44

Jihad is one of the most controversial concepts in the Islamic political thought. This paper shed light on two dominant trends in the theories of Jihad in Modern Islamic World. Modernist thinkers, on the one hand, were concerned with political consequences of waging Jihad against the Western Powers and devised a theory intended to avoid the implementation of Jihad doctrine in the modern international arena. This “avoidance theorists” conducted meticulous research on the history of early Islam and forcefully concluded each and every wars and conflicts fought by the prophet Muhammad and his disciples were acts of selfdefense. By doing so, modernist thinkers presented Islam as an entity reconcilable with international laws and norms. Fundamentalist thinkers, on the other hand, criticized the modernist thinkers and its “subservient” style. Fundamentalists are not opposed to the “defensive” nature of Islam but expanded the concept of “defense” beyond the ordinary bound and redefined it to encompass fighting to root out the un-Islamic political and social institutions and entities from the earth. Although political implications of the two trends are diametrically opposed to each other, theoretically they are mutually supporting, at least in part. Modernists have paved the way to supremacist notion of Jihad by definitively approving the historical acts of war by the early Muslim nation as totally defensive and righteous. Fundamentalists rode on this theory and expanded the realm of the “defense” to such an extent that even most of the offensive warfare can be legitimized as “defense” in the context of eternal struggle for the sake of the cause of spreading Islam.

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[history][religion] いわゆる小ジハード大ジハードの区別が明確な典拠を持たないことや、古典イスラム法学のジハード解釈に強く影響しているナスフ学説、帝国主義支配下の近代イスラム思想史のジハード解釈など内容盛り沢山。
[イスラム][ジハード]

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いわゆる小ジハード大ジハードの区別が明確な典拠を持たないことや、古典イスラム法学のジハード解釈に強く影響しているナスフ学説、帝国主義支配下の近代イスラム思想史のジハード解釈など内容盛り沢山。 / “https://t.co/2hSmzTskxs” https://t.co/rOIzAZZBdw
[ISR 4-5] 修正 これを読めと言いたい。 かといって、たいした価値は見出されないが。 https://t.co/H7KpmUAVk2 https://t.co/wQbt7ccmMo https://t.co/wOSzyd3wWl https://t.co/zhdGEGxcvL https://t.co/rUISKUNAO7
→近現代のジハード主義の成立に至るイスラーム法のジハード定義に関しては,池内恵先生の論文がある: 池内恵(2014)「近代ジハード論の系譜学」『国際政治』175:115-129. https://t.co/zfCtYevav7 (なんと!いつの間にかオープンアクセスになってた!)
https://t.co/zH2R6CWm9x
https://t.co/loHKtEqdaD
https://t.co/npVqSGaop5
https://t.co/cy6GA5DBYA
https://t.co/nCR6XF8ylw
https://t.co/0ylMarlogG
メモ 近代ジハード論の系譜学 https://t.co/6Ii8YiqROl https://t.co/6Ii8YiqROl
@KimK91fw これは無料ですのでどうぞ  https://t.co/aQ3wiwloSf

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