- 大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
- vol.7, no.3, pp.365-380, 2006-06-30
Mouffe C., English political philosopher, indicates that conflicts among social groups lie at the root of socialization. She locates the concept of "politcal" in the level of the conflicts of people, in distinction from normal term of politics.Nevertheless, under the rule of neoliberalism after cold war, the concept of political is concealed and rejected, and the antagonism is excluded from politics. Politics is esteemed as dialogue among reasonable individuals. She calls this concept of politics "post politics". She makes a critical comments for second modernization by A. Guiddens or W. Beck and "Empire" by Negrit A./ Hardt M. as example of post politics.The subject of this thesis is to inquiry the critics for "post politics" by Mouffe. C. and to examin the signification of biopolitical production by Negrit A./ Hardt M.Negrit A./ Hardt M.don't refuse the conflicts of social groups, on the contrary, as a result of extending these conflicts outside nation-state, war is becoming not the state of exception but the state of normal of everyday life. Therefore politics is located in the extension of war. Nevertheless, these conflicts breed many kinds of collaboration, for the sake of development of knowledge, information, communication, etc., that is to say "common", Cosequently a focal point of social coflicts is how to organize these many kinds of "commn".Negrit/Hardt also propose absolute democracy in exchange for representative democracy. They define abusolute democracy as politics to organize "common" and try to delve the concept of democracy.