著者
窪 誠
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.18, no.1, pp.1-27, 2016-10

Since Japan's ratification of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights in 1979, the Japanese government has submitted six state reports explaining the human rights situation in Japan. On all occasions the United Nations Human Rights Committee questioned the concept of "public welfare" contained in the Japanese Constitution, suggesting it allowed for a general restriction on human rights in the Constitution. This article clarifies the different viewpoints between the Japanese government and the UNHR Committee as they are found through an analysis of the state reports and the dialogue held between the two parties.Since Japan's ratification of the International Covenant of Civil and Political Rights in 1979, the Japanese government has submitted six state reports explaining the human rights situation in Japan. On all occasions the United Nations Human Rights Committee questioned the concept of "public welfare" contained in the Japanese Constitution, suggesting it allowed for a general restriction on human rights in the Constitution. This article clarifies the different viewpoints between the Japanese government and the UNHR Committee as they are found through an analysis of the state reports and the dialogue held between the two parties.
著者
北野 雄士
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学人間環境論集 (ISSN:13472135)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.7, pp.43-65, 2008-06

The Mito Ideology became the theoretical ground of "Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian Movement" in the late Tokugawa Period. The samurai class at that time was influenced by the political reforms of the Mito domain carried out by Tokugawa Nariaki, the ninth Mito Lord (daimyo), and by the late Mito Ideology of Aizawa Seishisai and Fujita Toko. Minamoto Ryoen classified the acceptance of the Mito Ideology by the samurai class of those days into three types. He cited Yokoi Shonan, a samurai of the Higo domain, as the model of its third type : the type, which accepted its royal statesmanship of economizing and the principle of basing a country's economy on agriculture, but after recognizing its limitations changed into the view of mercantilism and the opening of Japan to the world. According to Minamoto, Yokoi was in his younger age influenced by the late Mito Ideology, especially its policy of economizing and regarding agriculture as important, and later by its view of the elimination of foreigners. However since 1855 he began to vigorously criticize the political activities of Tokugawa Nariaki and the late Mito Ideology. However we still cannot clearly explain the influence of the Mito Ideology on Yokoi, because we do not fully understand its influence especially in his younger age. Therefore, in this paper I have tried to analyze its influence throughout his life. As a result, it proved that Yokoi's radical standpoint of royal statesmanship of benevolence in his younger age had been even in those days different from that of the late Mito Ideology, which had a cautious sentiment toward the people, though it formally adopted the royal statesmanship, and that on the other hand, the samurai in the Mito Domain had been important to Yokoi as his political allies untill 1855.
著者
斉藤 日出治
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.1, pp.1-24, 2010-09

Japan occupied the island of Hainandao just before the Asia Pacific War.The Japanese army murdered many Hainandao inhabitants during this occupation. Nevertheless the facts of these massacres have been suppressed and neglected by japanese government and people after the war. We have been researching the facts of the massacres by the Japanese army through interviews with the survivors in Hainandao. As a result we found these massacres did not happen accidentally, but were purposely carried out in accompaniment with the military operations of the Japanese army. These massacres took place continually from February 1939 to August 1945. I analyzed the Military Diary of the Japanese Navy in Hainandao. Recorded in this diary is not only military operations in the narrow sense, but also various government policies. For example, the mining of natural resources, management of land, control of prices, the education for the island inhabitants, and securing human resources. The aim of the Japanese army was to continue its war effort by pillaging resources, food, and using forced labor, among other things. It tried to construct a sphere of self-sustenance by pillage of its occupied countries. Many government policies were necessary to construct this sphere of self-sustenance by pillage. It shows the particularity of Japanese imperialism in comparison with Occidental imperialist practices.
著者
窪 誠
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.2, pp.111-143, 2014-06

In recent years, public demonstrations targeting vulnerable social groups including non-Japanese and Burakumin (historically discriminated communities and people ascribed to an inferior "caste") occur frequently in Japan. Extremist groups are seen in the streets crying "Kill Koreans", "Go back home Chinese", etc. However, Japan has no legislation regulating these activities, especially when manifested in the form of "hate speech." This article seeks to clarify what hate speech is, with reference to the Council of Europe Manual on Hate Speech, as well as United Nations documents addressing discriminatory or violent outbreaks against particular social groups, for the purpose of contributing to the discussion regarding hate speech regulation in Japan.
著者
加藤 道也
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.123-155, 2009-09

TOKINAGA Urazo, an official serving for thirteen years between 1910 and 1922 in the Japanese Government-General of Korea, visited the US and Europe to study and understand the influence of self-determination advocated by President T. W. Wilson in relation to the Koreans under Japanese rule during World War I. He observed the situation of Ireland under British control and compared its aspects with the Japanese rule over Korea. His conclusion was that Japanese colonial rule of Korea was totally different from the British governance of Ireland. Although he thought that the British were cruel and suppressive, on several points there was a need for the Japanese Government-General of Korea to learn some important lessons from the British failure to establish order in Ireland.
著者
加藤 道也
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.1, pp.55-93, 2010-09

YOSHIMURA Gentaro, an government official serving in the Japanese Government-General of Kanto Leased Territory surveyed the British colonial situations including Ireland. He observed the Irish situation under British control and had the important lessons from it. His conclusion was that British governance of Ireland should be seen as a failure because it lacked the mutual trust. He criticized severely the way of British governance in Ireland but did not deny the colonial rule itself. He rather insisted that the Japanese colonial rule as an antidote against the western expansion to Asia and that Japan should take a more leading role in Asia.
著者
木村 敦
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.3, pp.307-327, 2010-06

The aim of this study is to express an opinion about "What is the essence of social welfare", and to clarify "social welfare as a subject of investigation", based on that opinion. Recently, the state of social welfare policy has changed greatly, and the term for a person who receives social welfare benefits has changed from "recipient" to "subject" and then to "user". However, the change in name has not improved the recipients' life circumstances. In short, recent social welfare policy has not contributed to "a better life" for people. In this situation, I think that "social welfare policy theory as social science" is necessary in order to contribute to "a better life" for people, i.e., in order to amend current social welfare policy. The aim of this study was decided based on the reasons above. To achieve this aim of clarification of social welfare as a subject, social welfare provisions from the standpoint of the economic theories of Kazuo Okochi and Shoichi Kohashi are first explained. Then, relying fundamentally on Kohashi's theory, arguments regarding these provisions from the standpoint of sociological / functional / movement theory are explained by way of critique. In conclusion, problems are explained which arise when Kohashi's theory is applied to the practice of social work.
著者
塚本 直幸 ペリー 史子 吉川 耕司 南 聡一郎
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学人間環境論集 (ISSN:13472135)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, pp.101-137, 2016-03

本論は,筆者らが継続的に行ってきたLRT(Light Rail Transit)整備に関わる各国の財源制度と個々の都市特性との関連で,整備手法や整備効果がどのように異なっているかについての体系的な現地調査の一連の流れの中にある。すなわち,LRT整備財源制度の把握を行い,都市特性に特徴があると考えられるスペイン3都市,フランス3都市の現地調査と交通政策担当者に対するヒアリングに基づいて,各都市の特性に応じたLRT整備計画の狙い,社会的合意形成プロセス,整備効果,LRT関連施設のデザイン決定プロセス等に関する情報収集を目的として実施したものである。
著者
新矢 麻紀子 棚田 洋平
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学論集. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:18825966)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.26, pp.37-52, 2016-02

This paper discusses from the viewpoint of literacy how immigrant women in Japan through international marriages live in an area, where Japanese language classes are unavailable, and what strategies they use and how they maintain their independence to compensate for this disadvantage. Ethnographical data gathered through life history interviews of immigrant women, interviews conducted among the residents in their area, and participant observation, are used in the present analysis. This research clarifies that social participation of these women is limited and partial, although they survive in the society by complementing their lack of literacy with their human resources, such as family members and friends. In order for them to realize fully their potential through social and community participation, there is need for stronger public support systems and provisions in the community for their empowerment. These forms of assistance can be considered" literacy compensations" and should be considered for implementation.This paper discusses from the viewpoint of literacy how immigrant women in Japan through international marriages live in an area, where Japanese language classes are unavailable, and what strategies they use and how they maintain their independence to compensate for this disadvantage. Ethnographical data gathered through life history interviews of immigrant women, interviews conducted among the residents in their area, and participant observation, are used in the present analysis. This research clarifies that social participation of these women is limited and partial, although they survive in the society by complementing their lack of literacy with their human resources, such as family members and friends. In order for them to realize fully their potential through social and community participation, there is need for stronger public support systems and provisions in the community for their empowerment. These forms of assistance can be considered" literacy compensations" and should be considered for implementation.
著者
藤永 壯 高 正子 伊地知 紀子 鄭 雅英 皇甫 佳英 高村 竜平 村上 尚子 福本 拓 塚原 理夢 李 陽子
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学論集. 人文科学編 (ISSN:02871378)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.122, pp.99-123, 2007-06

本稿は,在日の済州島出身者の方に,解放直後の生活体験を伺うインタビュー調査の第4回報告である。かつて私たちは3回分の調査報告を『大阪産業大学論集 人文科学編』第102〜105号(2000年10月,2001年2月,6月,10月)に掲載したが,メンバーの就職,留学などの事情でしばらく活動を中断していた。その後,2005年より新しいメンバーを加えて調査を再開させることができ,その最初の成果が本稿ということになる。なおこの調査の目的や方法などは,「解放直後・在日済州島出身者の生活史調査(1・上)」前掲『大阪産業大学論集 人文科学編』第102号,に掲載しているので,ご参照いただきたい。今回の記録は,東大阪市在住の李健三さん(仮名)のお話をまとめたものである。李さんは1937年,大阪市のお生まれだが,ご両親は,韓国・済州道済州市朝天邑新村里(現行の行政地名)のご出身である。また,インタビューには妻の張玉蓮さんが同席してくださった。張さんは1934年,済州道済州市禾北洞(現行の行政地名)のお生まれである。(済州道は2006年7月1日より「済州特別自治道」となり,北済州郡は済州市に,また南済州郡は西帰浦市に統合された。したがって現行の行政地名は,前3回の調査報告時から変更されている場合がある。)インタビューは2006年4月29日,東大阪市の李さんのご自宅で,藤永壯・高正子・伊地知紀子・鄭雅英・皇甫佳英・高村竜平・福本拓・塚原理夢の8名が聞き手となって実施し,これに村上尚子が加わって,テープ起こしと第1次編集をおこなった。李さん,張さんに第1次編集原稿をチェックしていただき,テープ起こしに際しての不明箇所を確認するため,2007年2月19日,藤永が再度李さん宅を訪問した。鄭と伊地知が全体の整理と校正,村上と藤永が用語解説,鄭と高がルビ校正,福本が参考地図の作成,藤永が最終チェックを担当した。なお李さん,張さんご夫妻の三女・李陽子さんには,インタビューに同席していただき,確認作業でも多大なご協力をいただいたため,記録者の一員としてお名前を掲載させていただくことにした。以下,凡例的事項を箇条書きにしておく。(1)本文中,文脈からの推測が難しくて誤解が発生しそうな場合や,補助的な解説が必要な場合は,[ ]で説明を挿入した。(2)とくに重要な歴史用語などには初出の際*を付し,本文の終わりに解説を載せた。なお前3回の調査報告からかなり時日が経過しているため,今回は以前掲載した用語も再掲することとした。(3)朝鮮語で語られた言葉は,一般的な単語や固有名詞などの場合には漢字やカタカナで,特殊な単語や文章の場合はハングルで表記し,日本語のルビをふった。(4)インタビューの際に生じたインタビュアー側の笑いや驚きなどについては,〈 〉で挿入した。
著者
木村 敦
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.11, no.1, pp.1-17, 2009-09

'Work Support' became the chief matter in the current policy regarding health and welfare services for the mentally disabled. Then, social welfare policy became a part of the policy to create low wage worker and instability employed worker. This represents a basic understanding of the problem, and is the hypothesis of this study. The aim of this study is the presentation of grounds for proving this hypothesis. Concretely, the following statements will be written. 1 The 'change' portion and the 'continuity' portion of treatment principle regarding the mentally disabled(from 'isolation and accommodation' to 'welfare') in the following laws. 1)The 'Law Regarding Custody of the Mentally Ill' 2)The 'Mental Hygiene Law' 3)The 'Mental Health Law' 4)The 'Law Regarding Mental Health and Welfare Services for the Mentally Disabled'. 2 An outline of current work support policy for the mentally disabled. 3 To point out problems based on continuity of treatment principles. 4 To introduce some measures of work which may become key in solving the problems in work support policy. 5 To suggest new concept of income security to the mentally disabled.
著者
木村 敦
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.12, no.3, pp.235-257, 2011-06

Tentatively, I think that the policy of `Promotion of Discharge / Shift to Community' for the mentally disabled being pushed forward by the current government, results in mentally disabled persons being discharge hastily and make the mentally disabled low-wage and unstable worker. This is regarded in this paper as the basic problem. With this basic understanding of the problem, the goal of this paper is to present the three things which will be necessary for `Support for Shift to Community': (1) structure which justifies isolation of the mentally disabled, (2) problems spreading throughout the entire labor market, and (3) the meaning of sending the mentally disabled into the real labor market. To accomplish this goal, the following will be set forth: (1) Statement of the recent trend in the policy of `Promotion of Discharge / Shift to Community' (2) Explanation of the `Return to Society' policy under the Mental Hygiene Law, especially in the 1970s (3) Presentation of disputes concerning `Return to Society', especially critical opinion, from the second half of the 1970s to the first half of the 1980s (4) Confirmation of whether recent disputes over the policy of `Promotion of Discharge / Shift to Community' are adequately based on disputes from the era of Mental Hygiene Law
著者
原田 一美
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学人間環境論集 (ISSN:13472135)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.157-175, 2010-03

1922年に刊行された『ドイツ民族の人種学』は,大きな評判を呼び,ベスト・セラーとなった。著者のハンス・F・K・ギュンターは一躍「人種論のスター」に躍り出て,ワイマル期ばかりか,ナチズム期の人種学,人種主義に大きな影響を与えることになる。本稿では,このギュンターに焦点を当て,彼の人種論の内容を検討し,それに若干の考察を加えた。ギュンターの人種論は,人文科学と自然科学を総合するような内容をもっており,その「科学性」ゆえに多くの知識人を惹きつけた。また,外観から人種を判断できるまなざしを鍛えることを重視し,多くの顔写真を掲載することによって,人びとが日常生活で目にする顔からその人の「人種」を判定できるような「基準」を提示した。このようなギュンターの人種論が評判を呼んだことは,ワイマル期における人種意識の高まりを示すとともに,逆に彼の著作が人種意識をさらに高めるのに貢献したということもできる。また,ナチズム期には,彼の人種分類が学校や党の諸団体においても教材として利用された。親衛隊では,ギュンターが提示した多様な人種の表現型が隊員を選別する際の重要な基準にされたのである。
著者
新矢 麻紀子 大谷 晋也 三登 由利子 春原 憲一郎
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学論集. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:18825966)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.10, pp.101-127, 2010-10

韓国では近年,移民受入れが進み,それに伴って移民政策も急速に整備されてきている。本稿は2009年10-11月に科研費補助金により,日本語教育保障法研究会で実施した韓国における移民関連施策および移民支援の状況に関する現地実態調査の報告後編で,「韓国移住女性人権センター」(第2章),「緊急支援センター」(第3章),「安山市外国人住民センター」(第4章),「安山市多文化家族支援センター」(第5章),「安山市サハリン永住帰国者の家(コヒャンマウル)」(第6章),「平澤大学校多文化家族センター」(第7章),「チョ・ソンギョン氏」(第8章)に関する調査報告によって構成される。本編で2009年度調査の報告は完了し,次号では,2010年度調査について報告が行われる予定である。
著者
新矢 麻紀子 山田 泉 大谷 晋也 三登 由利子
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学論集. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:18825966)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.177-197, 2010-06

韓国では近年,移民受入れが進み,それに伴って移民政策も急速に整備されてきている。本稿は2009年10-11月に科学研究費補助金により,日本語教育保障法研究会で実施した韓国における移民関連施策および移民支援の状況に関する現地実態調査の報告(1)である。本稿は,研究全体の概要および韓国調査の位置付け(第1章),韓国調査の概要(第2章),政府関係機関である「韓国女性政策研究院」1)(第3章)と「保健福祉家族部多文化家族課」(第4章)の訪問調査報告によって構成される。調査によって,労働移民や結婚移民にかかわる施策の充実,特に韓国人男性との結婚移住女性およびその子どもたちを含めた多文化家族への支援に特化した法律が制定され,支援施策が進行形で日々拡大されていることがわかった。
著者
木村 敦
出版者
大阪産業大学
雑誌
大阪産業大学経済論集 (ISSN:13451448)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.14, no.3, pp.275-294, 2013-10

Recently, especially since 2000, social welfare has in nature become a substitution for social policy. This has clearly become stronger in comparison with the previous period. To keep this tendency in check, it is important that social welfare movements collaborate with labor movements. Although the latter movement was explained to a certain extent in KIMURA (2011), discussion to establish this larger claim in this book is insufficient. The tasks of this paper are, first, to prove that social welfare systems have increasingly substituted for social insurance systems (labor insurance system) from 2000 onward; second, to clarify the social significance of this substitution; and third, to propose a solution for reducing the use of social welfare as a substitution.