著者
浜本 満
出版者
九州大学
雑誌
大学院教育学研究紀要 (ISSN:13451677)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, pp.53-70, 2006

Anthropological writings abound in allusions to belief. Ethnographers have been accustomed to say, for example, that people of such and such place firmly believe that most of their misfortunes are caused by witchcraft of envious neighbors, or that they believe in the supreme God who controls rainfall, etc. Such descriptions have often been considered problematic, to say the least. For, as many critics argue, if the term "belief" is related to some inner state of a believer, it would be enormously difficult to infer other people's belief, particularly if they are culturally different, when you have no means of access directly to the inside of someone's mind. In this article I will show this kind of criticism is based on inappropriate assumptions about the very concept of belief, and thus is totally unfounded. As Needham's famous book "Belief, Language, and Experience" shows, this criticism might well have devastating effects on anthropological research. I will argue that the word 'believe' as well as other related concepts does not refer to any specific inner state of mind, but is related to two axes of binary estimation of the belief-object: an axis of trustworthiness (true/false distinction in reference to a proposition will be shown to be just another case of trustworthiness), and an axis of possibilities of conflicting judgment in shared discursive space (space of communication). Belief (and/or knowledge) is not simply a matter of intellectual concern, but is directly pertinent to social subject's pragmatic engagement with the world seen as a kind of a gamble-space.

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濱本満先生の「信じる」ことについての論文読んだ。 「他者の信念を記述すること:人類学における一つの擬似問題とその解消試案」 http://t.co/BOzON36BME
@holysen 「知る」とはなにかという定義問題にならざるえません。 他者の信念を記述すること : 人類学における一つの擬似問題とその解消試案 http://t.co/ieXZEfalby
“CiNii 論文 -  他者の信念を記述すること : 人類学における一つの擬似問題とその解消試案” http://t.co/SSMlotgK7d
研究者が「信じる」という語彙をどういう時に使っているかについては「知っている」との対比で分析されておりますな。⇒浜本満「他者の信念を記述すること 」http://t.co/E1jSQPA0mE
CiNii 論文 -  他者の信念を記述すること : 人類学における一つの擬似問題とその解消試案 http://t.co/5erZTGMW #CiNii

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