著者
嶋田 久美
出版者
美学会
雑誌
美學 (ISSN:05200962)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.1, pp.121-132, 2012-06-30

This article explores expression activities in clinical practices focusing on two cases: La Borde Clinic and Bethel House. The former is a psychiatric clinic in France known as a Psychotherapie institutionnelle and the latter is a community in Japan for people with mental disturbances founded in 1984. Both foster unique activities in ways that challenge the dichotomies in clinical practices such as art/therapy, client/therapist and normal/abnormal. In this article, two aspects of expression and art in these unique activities are verified referring to the concept of 'dispositif' by Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Giorgio Agamben. First, expression and art may function to analyze the power relations around the clinical site. Next, they function to maintain the dynamism of powers that generate liquidity and porosity among people. However, as Deleuze implies, these functions should be examined using immanent criteria. Therefore, these two cases must not be taken as universal models but should be positioned as nodes or hubs of networks concerning clinical environments. Which is why these two cases also urge us to reconsider the perspectives of disease and disability and the roles of group and community.

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