- 電気通信大学紀要 (ISSN:09150935)
- vol.25, no.1, pp.61-71, 2013-02-01
The author in this bulletin provides the translations of two medieval Russian apocryphas ; "The Resurrection of Lazaro" and "The Trees of Crosses".Apocrypha is in biblical literature works outside an accepted canon of scripture. It refers to a body of esoteric writings that were at first prized, later tolerated, and finally excluded. Apocrypha arrived in medieval Russia through the Slavonic translation of Byzantine literature. "The Resurrection of lazaro" is supposed to have been written between the end of 12th century and the beginning of 13th century exactly in Russia. In this work such well-known characters and prophets of the Old Testament as Adam, Moses, David and so on, having suffered in Hell, ask Lazaro, who would be resurrected, to entreat Jesus Christ to pick them out of Hell. Jesus Christ granted their entreaty and went down to Hell to save them. "The Trees of Crosses" is rather complicated because various elements of plural stories are gathered together like a patch work and as a result lack consistency. When and where this work was composed is not exactly comprehensible. This work appeared in the 14th century in Bulgarian and Serbian manuscript tradition and only at the end of the 15th century in Russian. At the base of the work there is the plot that the tree, which caused Adam to have been exiled from Eden, became the trees of the Crosses, by one of which Jesus Christ was crucified. This apocrypha seems to have shown that the original sin of the mankind had been saved by the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.