- 麻布大学雑誌 (ISSN:13465880)
- vol.7, pp.49-59, 2003
High economic growth in Japan has affected social structure and local populations. After urban concentration of the population, residential areas developed in suburbs existing towns and cities surrounding the big cities. Population movement is a phenomenon that constructs new social relationships in combination with existing relationships and it is necessary to understand this phenomenon on the basis of an aggregate of individually occurring phenomena. Sagamihara city, Kanagawa Prefecture, is located 30-40km from Tokyo, and has developed as a satellite town. This city is suitable for development, but geographically it has a long axis from north to south, and the transportation connecting Tokyo has clustered on one side. We examined the social local characteristic through human relationships as a measure of the problems related to residential life. The following conclusions were drawn: 1. Population growth in Sagamihara was related to transportation and high economic growth. Because of changes to the social structure, the population trend is increasing, and social increase is a great contribution to this trend. 2. As to the population structure, the population of Sagamihara was small in 1965, but it had doubled by 1975, when it showed the star shape of an urbanized population structure. Now, it is showing a change to the gourd shape, suggesting population decrease. 3. Future municipal policies in Sagamihara should take this aging into consideration.