- キャリアデザイン研究 (ISSN:18802753)
- vol.7, pp.199-212, 2011-09
This article outlines the changing position of career change within linear and non-linear career models. First, the article points out that within Japanese studies, the definition of career change is limited to "company turnover," while in western studies, career change takes on many various definitions. Next, the article discusses the positioning of career change by separating it into the linear career models before the beginning of the 1980s and the non-linear career models that followed. Specifically, in the linear career models which assume a static organizational structure, career change is mainly interpreted as a "deviation." However, "intra-organizational career change" and "desire to change careers" gained prominence towards the end of the 1970s, and within the more flexible non-linear career models that appeared during the 1990s, it became clear that career change came to be interpreted as "something to independently be involved in." In particular, through more extensive discussion on the boundaryless career (Arthur, 1994) and the protean career (Hall, 1976), career change has developed into a concept that encompasses a "career-changing frame of mind" and "inherent socio-cultural context." Finally, the article discusses the necessity of qualitative research on career change in Japan as an issue for future research.