- 大阪産業大学論集. 人文・社会科学編 (ISSN:18825966)
- vol.13, pp.21-34, 2011-10
This article is a part of a series of the researches that chase the history of reception of Spinozism in Germany, and is the second half of an oral report at the congress of the Spinoza Society of Japan (at Osaka University, on Feb. 27, 2010) which took up Moses Mendelssohn's debut work "Philosophical conversations". In that report, his understanding of Spinozism which appeared in the book was surveyed, and its historical contexts were confirmed. In the first half, the context from Wolf to Mendelssohn, and in the second half, the context from Mendelssohn to his successors was treated respectively. This paper presents the latter. We have pointed out Mendelssohn's understanding of the similarity and difference between Spinoza and Leibniz. In this paper we trace the reception of the two points after Mendelssohn. On the similarity of Spinoza and Leibniz: Mendelssohn saw the similarity of both between Spinoza's parallelism and Leibniz's preestablished harmony theory, and this understanding was criticized by Lessing, was quoted affirmatively by E. Platner, and was criticized again by Heydenreich. On the difference of Spinoza and Leibniz: Mendelssohn considered that Spinoza had subsumed all things in the god and Leibniz had recognized the outside of God. This consideration was accepted by Platner and Maimon and through these two philosophers, Spinozism was formulated as "Acosmism". The famous formulation of Hegel that Spinozism is Acosmism is not Hegel's original one, but the conclusion based on these contexts.