- 人文・社会科学論集 = Toyo Eiwa journal of the humanities and social sciences (ISSN:09157794)
- vol.34, pp.69-88, 2017-03
We consider the various causes for the resignation of female employees from the labor markets in Japan. We estimate employment probabilities in two female groups: university graduates and the under-senior high school graduates in all age groups. The results show that two factors are important in both groups, the number of young children and age. For women in their thirties and forties, the probability of employment is considerably higher in the under-senior graduates group than among university graduates.To determine an explanation for this, we compare the productivities of household production and market wage rate of females. By estimating the parametersof the production function where the inputs consist of family time and market goods, we suggest new microeconomic estimates of productivity in household production. The result shows that productivity in household production is higher among nonregular employees than regular employees.