NK-104-PH 01 study registration group
- 一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
- Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
- vol.23, no.1, pp.48-55, 2016-01-06 (Released:2016-01-06)
Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of LIVALO® tablets (pitavastatin) in Japanese male children with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH).Methods: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel study was conducted in 14 male children 10-15 years of age with heterozygous FH. Pitavastatin (1 mg/day or 2 mg/day) was administered orally for 52 weeks.The primary endpoint was the percent change in the LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations from baseline to endpoint (repeated measures ANCOVA at Weeks 8 and 12). Secondary endpoints included the percentage of patients who achieved the target LDL-C concentration and percent changes in the levels of lipoprotein and lipid parameters at the visit performed at 52 weeks.Results: The percent change in LDL-C from baseline (mean 258 mg/dL for all patients) to the endpoint was -27.3% (95%CI; -34.0, -20.5) and -34.3% (95%CI; -41.0, -27.5) in the patients receiving 1 mg and 2 mg of pitavastatin, respectively. Stable reductions in the total cholesterol (TC), non-HDL cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein B (Apo-B) and LDL-C levels and non-HDL-C/HDL-C and Apo-B/Apo-A1 ratios were observed up to 52 weeks in both groups. One patient in each dose group (14%) reached the treatment target level of 130 mg/dL.Adverse events were observed in seven (100%) patients receiving 1 mg and five (71%) patients receiving 2 mg of pitavastatin, although none were considered related to the study treatment. One patient in the 1 mg group reported a musculoskeletal AE; however, it was attributed to recent excessive exercise.Conclusions: Pitavastatin significantly reduced the LDL-C levels and was well tolerated when administered at usual adult doses in 14 male children 10-15 years of age with heterozygous FH. Pitavastatin is a promising therapeutic agent for pediatric dyslipidemia with few safety concerns.