著者
Masashi TAKAHASHI Hirotaka TOMIYASU Eri HOTTA Hajime ASADA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Hideyuki KANEMOTO Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0414, (Released:2014-01-20)
被引用文献数
6 22

Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare neoplasm that originates from dendritic cells or macrophages, and there have been a number of cases experienced in Japan. To identify the characteristics and prognostic variables that determine outcome in dogs with HS in Japan, medical records of 73 dogs with HS were retrospectively analyzed. Signalment, clinical signs, complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry profiles, treatment, response to treatment and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Diagnosis of HS was determined histologically in 44 cases and cytologically in 29 cases. The most frequently diagnosed breeds were Flat-Coated Retrievers (n=16, odds ratio [OR] 62.0), Pembroke Welsh corgis (n=15, OR 9.7) and Bernese Mountain dogs (n=14, OR 45.0). Median survival time for all dogs in this study was 43 days. In the dogs that received no treatment or only symptomatic treatment, the median OS was 12 days (range 2–254 days) compared with that of dogs that received surgical treatment and/or chemotherapy (85 days, range 4–360 days). Univariate analysis identified anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypoproteinemia and not receiving antitumor treatment (chemotherapy and/or surgery) as factors significantly associated with shorter OS. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet counts, localized/disseminated lesional pattern and whether the dog received antitumor treatment were significantly predictive of survival.
著者
Hajime ASADA Osamu ICHII Hirotaka TOMIYASU Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Yasuhiro KON Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0419, (Released:2019-01-18)

The mutations of TP53 gene are frequently observed in canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS). The objective of this study was to examine the distribution of tumor cells with TP53 gene mutations. Tumor tissues were divided into three or four regions and TP53 gene mutations were examined. TP53 gene mutations were detected only in parts of the HS tissues from six of the eight dogs, and the frequency of the mutant allele varied (0–65%) among the tumor regions. This study suggests that canine HS can exhibit intratumor heterogeneity. Further studies are needed to examine the clinical significance of the intratumor heterogeneity of TP53 gene mutations.
著者
Hajime ASADA Osamu ICHII Hirotaka TOMIYASU Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Yasuhiro KON Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.3, pp.353-356, 2019 (Released:2019-03-14)
参考文献数
8

The mutations of TP53 gene are frequently observed in canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS). The objective of this study was to examine the distribution of tumor cells with TP53 gene mutations. Tumor tissues were divided into three or four regions and TP53 gene mutations were examined. TP53 gene mutations were detected only in parts of the HS tissues from six of the eight dogs, and the frequency of the mutant allele varied (0–65%) among the tumor regions. This study suggests that canine HS can exhibit intratumor heterogeneity. Further studies are needed to examine the clinical significance of the intratumor heterogeneity of TP53 gene mutations.
著者
Hirotaka TOMIYASU Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0337, (Released:2013-10-25)
被引用文献数
4 4

Treatments for canine lymphoma often fail because tumor cells acquire multidrug resistance (MDR). MDR can develop through several mechanisms, among which the overexpression of drug transporters in tumor cells is a well-studied mechanism. ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2) belongs to the ABC-transporters, that are representative drug efflux pumps associated with MDR in human tumor cells. However, the regulation of ABCG2 gene expression in canine tumors is not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to reveal the regulatory mechanism of ABCG2 gene expression in 4 canine lymphoid tumor cell lines, GL-1, CLBL-1, UL-1 and Ema. Treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), the protein kinase C (PKC) activator, stimulated MAPK/ERK pathway in GL-1, UL-1 and Ema cells and JNK pathway in UL-1 and Ema cells. When GL-1 and UL-1 cells were treated with PMA and the MAPK/ERK kinase inhibitor U0126, ABCG2 gene expression levels were elevated above those in untreated cells. Similarly, ABCG2 gene expression increased above control levels in UL-1 and Ema cells treated with PMA and the JNK inhibitor SP600125. However, ABCG2 gene expression was unaffected by U0126 exposure in CLBL-1 cells, in which activation of MAPK/ERK pathway was observed in non-treated cells. These results suggested that MAPK/ERK and JNK pathways downregulate ABCG2 gene expression, which is upregulated by unidentified but possibly PKC-dependent pathways, in several types of canine lymphoid tumor cells.
著者
Itsuma NAGAO Koichi OHNO Takuro NAGAHARA Nozomu YOKOYAMA Taisuke NAKAGAWA Reina FUJIWARA Kie YAMAMOTO Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Hirotaka TOMIYASU Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.19-0254, (Released:2019-09-25)

In human medicine, computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for visceral fat measurement. Research shows that the visceral fat area (VFA) of the umbilical slice is significantly correlated with the visceral fat volume (VFV). In veterinary medicine, however, few studies have evaluated visceral fat using CT. This study aimed to evaluate the visceral fat in dogs using CT images, and determine if the slice significantly correlated with VFV to simplify visceral fat measurements. This retrospective study includes data on 90 dogs that underwent whole-body CT scans for diagnostic purposes. VFV was calculated as the product of VFA and thickness in each CT slice; the correlation between VFV and VFA was analyzed at the level of each lumbar vertebra. Visceral fat percentage (VF%) was calculated as the ratio of the product of VFV and fat density to the body weight. Visceral fat area percentage (VFA%) was calculated as the ratio of VFA to the body area, and its correlation with the VF% and the body condition score (BCS) was analyzed. VFA was highly correlated with VFV at the level of each lumbar vertebra, with the highest correlation (r=0.964) at the L3 level. VFA% was significantly correlated with VF% (r=0.930) and weakly correlated with BCS (r=0.523). This study demonstrates that it is sufficient to use only the L3 slice for visceral fat evaluation and that the evaluation can be based on VFA% of the L3 level.
著者
Hajime ASADA Masaya TSUBOI James K. CHAMBERS Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hirotaka TOMIYASU Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0197, (Released:2017-09-01)
被引用文献数
6

Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a malignancy originating from the histiocytic cell lineage and characterized by poor response to chemotherapy and short survival time. Mutation of the TP53 gene and its association with poor prognosis has been reported in several canine tumors. However, the mutation of this gene has not been investigated in canine HS. The aim of this study was to examine a TP53 gene mutation in dogs with HS. Aberrations of the TP53 gene were examined by polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformational polymorphism analysis and DNA sequence analysis, revealing mutations of the TP53 gene in 12 (46%) of 26 dogs affected by HS. The incidence of the TP53 gene mutation was relatively high in canine HS compared with other canine tumors. Among these mutations, 10 of 12 dogs (83%) with a TP53 gene mutation harbored the same mutation: a 2-base (AT) insertion in exon 5, resulting in the introduction of a stop codon (c.446_447insAT, p.Tyr150SerfsX8). Further studies are needed to examine the functional change due to the mutation and its association with the pathogenesis of canine HS.
著者
Aki OHMI Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Hirotaka TOMIYASU Hideyuki KANEMOTO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.16-0626, (Released:2017-08-05)
被引用文献数
2

Shiba dogs are predisposed to chronic enteropathy (CE) and have poorer prognosis than other dog breeds. The objective of this study was to investigate the significance of polymerase chain reaction for antigen receptor rearrangement (PARR) results on clinical findings and prognosis of Shiba dogs with CE. We retrospectively collected data on 22 Shiba dogs diagnosed as having CE. Fifty-nine percent of the dogs had clonality-positive results on PARR analysis. Furthermore, on histopathology, epitheliotropic behavior of small lymphocytes of the intestinal mucosa was observed significantly more frequently in dogs with clonal rearrangement of antigen receptor genes (P=0.027). The median overall survival time of clonality-positive dogs was 48 days (range, 4–239 days), compared to 271 days (range, 45–1,316+ days) in clonality-negative dogs. The median overall survival time of epitheliotropism-positive dogs was 76 days (range, 30–349 days) compared to 239 days (range, 4–1,316+ days) for epitheliotropism-negative dogs. Statistical analysis revealed that the clonality-positive result was associated with significantly shorter survival time (P=0.036). In contrast, presence or absence of epitheliotropism had no statistically significant effect on survival time (P=0.223). These cases might appropriately be diagnosed as small T-cell intestinal lymphoma; there are some common clinical and pathogenic features with human enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma type 2. The pathogenesis and poor prognosis for Shiba dogs with CE seem to be associated with this type of lymphoma, although further investigation is warranted.