著者
Masashi TAKAHASHI Hirotaka TOMIYASU Eri HOTTA Hajime ASADA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Hideyuki KANEMOTO Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0414, (Released:2014-01-20)
被引用文献数
6 13

Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare neoplasm that originates from dendritic cells or macrophages, and there have been a number of cases experienced in Japan. To identify the characteristics and prognostic variables that determine outcome in dogs with HS in Japan, medical records of 73 dogs with HS were retrospectively analyzed. Signalment, clinical signs, complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry profiles, treatment, response to treatment and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Diagnosis of HS was determined histologically in 44 cases and cytologically in 29 cases. The most frequently diagnosed breeds were Flat-Coated Retrievers (n=16, odds ratio [OR] 62.0), Pembroke Welsh corgis (n=15, OR 9.7) and Bernese Mountain dogs (n=14, OR 45.0). Median survival time for all dogs in this study was 43 days. In the dogs that received no treatment or only symptomatic treatment, the median OS was 12 days (range 2–254 days) compared with that of dogs that received surgical treatment and/or chemotherapy (85 days, range 4–360 days). Univariate analysis identified anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypoproteinemia and not receiving antitumor treatment (chemotherapy and/or surgery) as factors significantly associated with shorter OS. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet counts, localized/disseminated lesional pattern and whether the dog received antitumor treatment were significantly predictive of survival.
著者
Junko CHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Tetsuya KOBAYASHI Kazuhiro KARIYA Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0246, (Released:2013-01-21)
被引用文献数
5 10 2

Of the various classification systems for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the updated Kiel classification is valuable for veterinary practice, because of its utility to classify the subtypes not only by histopathology but also by cytomorphology. However, there are only a few reports of small number of feline lymphomas to apply the updated Kiel classification. In this study, immunogical subtypes and morphology of 76 feline lymphomas were evaluated and classified into subtypes of the updated Kiel classification. Of the cases, 49% were T-cell lymphoma, 25% were B-cell lymphoma and 26% were undetermined immunological subtype. Based on the updated Kiel classification, most subtypes were identified also in feline lymphomas as in dogs and humans. Globule leukocyte lymphoma was specific for cats and relatively common in feline alimentary lymphomas. Of the present cases, 64% were high-grade subtypes, whereas 36% were low-grade subtypes. The present study indicated that feline lymphomas could be morphologically classified by the modified updated Kiel classification.
著者
Makiko OZAWA James K. CHAMBERS Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0624, (Released:2016-02-27)
被引用文献数
4

Canine cognitive dysfunction (CCD) is a syndrome that manifests itself in abnormal behaviors, such as disorientation and wandering. β-amyloid deposition in the brain, including the senile plaque (SP) and cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), has been suggested as a major cause of the syndrome. However, the pathological significance of β-amyloid deposition in CCD dogs remains unclear. The present study was conducted using 16 dogs aged 10 years or older to clarify the relationship between the age-related histopathological lesions, such as β-amyloid deposition, in the brain and the clinical symptoms of CCD as evaluated in a questionnaire previously established in a large survey. In addition, age-related brain lesions were assessed in 37 dogs. The pathological lesions were evaluated by the severity of β-amyloid deposition (SP and CAA), the amount of ubiquitin-positive granules (UBQ), GFAP-positive astrocytes, Iba-1-positive microglia and Nissle stain-positive nerve cells. The results revealed that there was no significant correlation between the severities of canine SP and CCD. The SP increased until 14 years old, but decreased thereafter, although the incidence of CCD is high at these ages. The CAA consistently increased with age, but did not correlate greatly with the CCD score. In contrast, the increases of UBQ, astrocytes and microglia were significantly correlated with CCD. Thus, the impairment in the synapse and/or myelin suggested by increased UBQ and glial activation might be involved in CCD pathogenesis, but β-amyloid deposition, especially SP, is not a direct pathogenic factor of CCD.
著者
Meina TEI Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Ken-ichi WATANABE Takashi TAMAMOTO Koichi OHNO Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0447, (Released:2017-12-04)

Amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis, a fatal systemic amyloid disease, occurs secondary to chronic inflammatory conditions in humans. Although persistently elevated serum amyloid A (SAA) levels are required for its pathogenesis, not all individuals with chronic inflammation necessarily develop AA amyloidosis. Furthermore, many diseases in cats are associated with the elevated production of SAA, whereas only a small number actually develop AA amyloidosis. We hypothesized that a genetic mutation in the SAA gene may strongly contribute to the pathogenesis of feline AA amyloidosis. In the present study, genomic DNA from four Japanese domestic cats (JDCs) with AA amyloidosis and from five without amyloidosis was analyzed using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and direct sequencing. We identified the novel variation combination of 45R-51A in the deduced amino acid sequences of four JDCs with amyloidosis and five without. However, there was no relationship between amino acid variations and the distribution of AA amyloid deposits, indicating that differences in SAA sequences do not contribute to the pathogenesis of AA amyloidosis. Immunohistochemical analysis using antisera against the three different parts of the feline SAA protein—i.e., the N-terminal, central, and C-terminal regions—revealed that feline AA contained the C-terminus, unlike human AA. These results indicate that the cleavage and degradation of the C-terminus are not essential for amyloid fibril formation in JDCs.
著者
Mun Keong KOK James K. CHAMBERS Atsushi DOHATA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Ryohei NISHIMURA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.6, pp.984-987, 2017 (Released:2017-06-10)
参考文献数
15

A 10-year-old mixed breed dog was presented with a 0.8 cm diameter mass below the left eye region. The mass was surgically removed and processed for histopathological examination. Microscopically, tumor cells proliferated in small lobules, nests and cords, and the tumor parenchyma was separated by desmoplastic stroma. Majority of the tumor cells were periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, and the desmoplastic stroma was densely collagenous and mucinous. Immunohistochemical results showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin 15, cytokeratin 19 and CD 34, while cytokeratin 8 reactivity was limited to the tumor cells proliferating in cords. Few tumor cells were positive for nestin. Based on the histopathological findings, the tumor was diagnosed as desmoplastic tricholemmoma.
著者
Isao MATSUMOTO Kazuyuki UCHIDA James Kenn CHAMBERS Kazumi NIBE Yu SATO Taku HAMASU Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0317, (Released:2017-08-11)

A 7-year-old castrated male ferret developed unilateral cervical lymphadenomegaly over a 1-month period. Histological examination revealed proliferation of tumor cells in a diffuse and partially nodular pattern. The tumor cells were predominantly Hodgkin cells and binucleated Reed-Sternberg cells, characterized by abundant, clear, vacuolated cytoplasm, pleomorphic, ovoid nuclei with thick nuclear membranes and distinct nucleoli. Multinucleated cells, resembling lymphocytic and histiocytic (L&H) cells, were also observed. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed Pax-5, BLA-36 and vimentin. A small population of the tumor cells expressed CD20. This case showed proliferation of Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells in conjunction with L&H cells that were histologically analogous to feline Hodgkin’s-like lymphoma. However, Pax-5 and BLA-36 expression along with rare CD20 expression were consistent with classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma in humans.
著者
Hideyuki KANEMOTO Rei MORIKAWA James K. CHAMBERS Koichi KASAHARA Yasuko HANAFUSA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Koichi OHNO Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0520, (Released:2015-02-10)
被引用文献数
5

A Pomeranian dog, 1-year- and 8-month-old neutered female, was presented with persistent respiratory distress and recurrent generalized demodicosis. Physical examination revealed cyanosis, rough respiratory sounds, multifocal alopecia and dermal erosions on the dorsal side of the forelimbs, perineal area and skin around the eyes. A severe diffuse interstitial lung pattern was observed on thoracic radiographs. The blood examination revealed neutrophilia and hypoglobulinemia. Serum immunoglobulin concentrations of IgG and IgA were low. Histopathological examination revealed severe diffuse interstitial pneumonia with Pneumocystis carinii infection. Severe lymphoid depletion was observed in the spleen and other organs with lymphoid follicles consisted mainly of CD3-positive T cells and few cells of B-cell lineage. B-cell hypoplasia with subsequent antibody deficiency was suspected.
著者
Masaya TSUBOI Kazuyuki UCHIDA Tetsuya IDE Mizue OGAWA Takehiko INAGAKI Shinji TAMURA Miyoko SAITO James K. CHAMBERS Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0224, (Released:2012-11-01)
被引用文献数
1

Canine polyneuropathy is a neurological disorder characterized by a dysfunction of multiple peripheral nerves. The etiology of the disease is diverse; it may occur in cases of infectious, immune-mediated, or hereditary conditions or in association with endocrinopathy, neoplasm, or chemical intoxication. It is often difficult to determine the etiology through clinical symptoms. The aim of this study is to investigate pathological differences among three canine polyneuropathy cases with each presumably having a different etiology. Cases included a 13-month-old female border collie (Dog No.1), a 21-month-old male chihuahua (Dog No.2), and an 11-year-old male beagle (Dog No.3). Clinical examinations revealed hindlimb ataxia and sensory loss in Dog No.1, forelimb paralysis and vertebral pain in Dog No.2, and paddling-gait and hypothyroidism in Dog No.3. Histopathologically, axonal swelling and pale myelin were observed in Dog No.1. Giant axons mimicking giant axonal neuropathy were obvious in Dog No.2. Dog No.3 showed atrophic axons and severe interstitial edema. Distributions of peripheral nerve lesions coincided with respective clinical symptoms. According to their clinical and pathological features, Dogs No.1 and No.2 were suspected of hereditary polyneuropathy, while Dog No.3 seemed to have hypothyroidism-associated polyneuropathy. As each case demonstrated unique pathological features, different pathogeneses of peripheral nerve dysfunction were suggested.
著者
Lobna MKAOUAR Yoshifumi ENDO He Xi JUN Soo-Jung LEE Tassanee JAROENSONG Manabu MOCHIZUKI Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Nobuo SASAKI Takayuki NAKAGAWA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.6, pp.713-718, 2012 (Released:2012-07-04)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
2 3 1

In this study, the nuclear expression of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) in 48 tissues specimens from 25 canine spontaneous mammary gland tumor (MGT) patients was assessed by immunohistochemistry to compare their levels with clinical features, histological types, prognostic outcomes and proliferative activities, including the mitotic index (MI) and cylcinD1 expression. Twelve of eighteen (66.7%) malignant tumor tissues showed greater than 10% nuclear staining, while benign tumor and hyperplastic tissues showed less than 10% nuclear staining. Higher nuclear expression of NF-κB was positively correlated with larger tumor size, lymph node metastasis and higher MI; however, no correlation was observed with distant metastasis and cyclin D1 expression. Higher NF-κB nuclear expression correlated with shorter patient survival. These findings suggest that NF-κB is a useful prognostic factor for canine MGT patients.
著者
Aki OHMI Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Yuko KOSHINO-GOTO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Masashi TAKAHASHI Ko NAKASHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.1, pp.1-5, 2011 (Released:2011-01-29)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
4 5

We retrospectively studied the clinical and laboratory features and outcomes of chronic enteropathy in Shiba dogs. Among 99 dogs with chronic enteropathy, 21 Shiba dogs (21%) were included in the study (odds ratio, 7.14). No significant differences were seen in signalment, clinical signs, symptoms or laboratory profiles between the Shiba and non-Shiba groups. Severe histopathological lesions in the duodenum were a common finding in the Shiba group. The median overall duration of survival in the Shiba group was 74 days, while that of the dogs in the non-Shiba group could not be determined because more than half of the cases remained alive at the end of this study. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (P<0.0001). The 6-month and 1-year survival rates for the Shiba group were 46% and 31%, respectively. Conversely, the 6-month, 1-year and 3-year survival rates for the non-Shiba group were 83%, 74% and 67%. The results obtained here demonstrated that the Shiba dog is predisposed to chronic enteropathy and shows severe duodenum lesions and poor outcomes, indicating a breed-specific disease.
著者
Huanan WANG Miyuki HIRABAYASHI James K. CHAMBERS Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0406, (Released:2018-10-17)

The present study describes the association between inflammatory cell types and feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV) antigen in the brain of 4 cats diagnosed as feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Immunohistochemically, FIPV antigens were detected in the inflammatory foci of the leptomeninges, choroid plexus and ventricles in 3 of the 4 cats. In 3 cases, inflammatory foci mainly consisted of CD204- and Iba1-positive macrophages, and the FIPV antigens were found in the macrophages. In the other case which was negative for FIPV antigen, severe inflammation predominantly consisting of CD20-positive B lymphocytes was observed in the leptomeninges and subventricles, accompanied with diffuse proliferation of gemistocytic astrocytes. The difference in histopathology may reflect the inflammatory process or the strain variation of FIP virus.
著者
Nguyen V. SON James K. CHAMBERS Takanori SHIGA Takuya E. KISHIMOTO Shotaro KIKUHARA Kohei SAEKI Reina FUJIWARA Masaya TSUBOI Ryohei NISHIMURA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.18-0186, (Released:2018-05-23)

A 12-year-old intact male Welsh Corgi was presented with enlargement of the right scrotum. Both testicles were surgically removed and histopathologically examined. On gross examination, white nodules were found in the epididymis and ductus deferens. Histopathologically, the nodules developed continuously from the tunica vaginalis testis of the right scrotum and consisted of spindle-shaped neoplastic cells that invaded the surrounding tissue. Immunohistochemically, the neoplastic cells were diffusely positive for vimentin, cytokeratin and Wilms tumor-1 (WT-1). Based on these findings, the tumor was diagnosed as sarcomatoid mesothelioma. The dog presented with respiratory distress 122 days after surgery and clinical examination found multiple metastatic lesions in the lung, abdominal lymph nodes and peritoneum. The dog died 144 days after surgery due to disease progression.
著者
Isao MATSUMOTO Kazuyuki UCHIDA James Kenn CHAMBERS Kazumi NIBE Yu SATO Taku HAMASU Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.10, pp.1660-1663, 2017 (Released:2017-10-07)
参考文献数
16

A 7-year-old castrated male ferret developed unilateral cervical lymphadenomegaly over a 1-month period. Histological examination revealed proliferation of tumor cells in a diffuse and partially nodular pattern. The tumor cells were predominantly Hodgkin cells and binucleated Reed-Sternberg cells, characterized by abundant, clear, vacuolated cytoplasm, pleomorphic, ovoid nuclei with thick nuclear membranes and distinct nucleoli. Multinucleated cells, resembling lymphocytic and histiocytic (L&H) cells, were also observed. Immunohistochemically, the tumor cells expressed Pax-5, BLA-36 and vimentin. A small population of the tumor cells expressed CD20. This case showed proliferation of Hodgkin/Reed-Sternberg cells in conjunction with L&H cells that were histologically analogous to feline Hodgkin’s-like lymphoma. However, Pax-5 and BLA-36 expression along with rare CD20 expression were consistent with classical Hodgkin’s lymphoma in humans.
著者
Takanori SHIGA Seiichi OKUNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0459, (Released:2018-01-02)

An 8-year-old male Japanese Shiba exhibited muscle wasting and a stiff gait. A low-amplitude myotonic discharge was recorded by needle electromyography (EMG). A histopathological examination on a tru-cut biopsy sample from the muscle revealed myofiber size variations. Internal nuclei and cytoplasmic vacuoles were observed in many fibers. A type 1 fiber predominance and many hybrid type fibers were observed immunohistochemically. On the basis of these EMG and histopathological findings, myotonic dystrophy (DM) was suspected as tentative diagnosis. The cytoplasm around the vacuoles was immunopositive for cytochrome c, tom 20, and SOD-1, suggesting that these vacuoles might occur within mitochondria. Collectively, these results indicate that a mitochondrial abnormality partly play the role on the pathogenesis of present case.
著者
Isao MATSUMOTO James Kenn CHAMBERS Yasutsugu MIWA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Kazuyuki UCHIDA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.6, pp.979-983, 2017 (Released:2017-06-10)
参考文献数
10

Anaplastic large T-cell lymphoma (ALTCL) is rarely reported in domestic animals. Accordingly, the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of ALTCL have not been well established in prairie dogs. The present report documents three cases in which prairie dogs were diagnosed with ALTCL arising in the subcutaneous tissue, oral mucosa or the mesenteric lymph nodes. Of the three cases, one was available for necropsy and the others were biopsy cases. Microscopically, moderate to large, pleomorphic neoplastic lymphocytes with ovoid to polygonal, bizarre-shaped nuclei, abundant cytoplasm and eosinophilic granules were seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical staining revealed membranous or cytoplasmic CD3 expression of the neoplastic lymphocytes. The neoplastic cells often had granzyme B-positive cytoplasmic granules. One of the prairie dogs with nodal ALTCL suffered systemic dissemination of the tumor and died suddenly. In the two biopsy cases, one animal died on the day of the biopsy examination and the other died six weeks after chemotherapy. ALTCL in prairie dogs displays a cytotoxic T cell phenotype and presumably carries a poor prognosis regardless of the anatomical type.
著者
Ken-ichi WATANABE James K. CHAMBERS Kazuyuki UCHIDA Kazumi NIBE Nanako USHIO Noriyuki HORIUCHI Yoshiyasu KOBAYASHI Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.3, pp.670-673, 2017 (Released:2017-03-28)
参考文献数
10
被引用文献数
1

The atypical cutaneous tumor of a 9-year-old mixed breed female dog was examined. The tumor was well-demarcated and histologically composed of a trichoblastic area, tricholemmal area and apocrine glandular area. Neoplastic cells in trichoblastic area and tricholemmal area had PAS-positive granules in the cytoplasm and were positive for pan-cytokeratin, cytokeratin 5/6, 14 and 19 and p63. Neoplastic cells in trichoblastic area were also positive for cytokeratin 15 and CD34. Neoplastic cells in apocrine glandular area were positive for pan-cytokeratin and cytokeratin 7, 18 and 19. Myoepithelial cell proliferation with osteocartilaginous metaplasia was observed in this area. Since neoplastic cells showed multiphenotypic differentiation for hair follicles and apocrine glands, the present case was diagnosed as a cutaneous mixed tumor.
著者
Nanako USHIO James K. CHAMBERS Kennichi WATANABE Takuya E. KISHIMOTO Jun-You LI Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Kazuyuki UCHIDA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.8, pp.1373-1375, 2016 (Released:2016-09-01)
参考文献数
15

A 7-year-old Duroc sow exhibited emaciation, loss of appetite and rapid breathing, and was euthanized. Histopathological examination revealed mild to moderate fibrosis of the heart, cystic kidneys and ulcerative enteritis associated with Balantidium infection. Additionally, a small nodule was incidentally found in the peripancreatic fat tissue. The nodule consisted of disarranged cellular components: pancreatic islet cells (either insulin-, glucagon- or somatostatin-positive), pancreatic acinar cells, hepatocytes (human hepatocyte-positive) and ductal cells (cytokeratin 19-positive). Some of the human hepatocyte-positive cells were also positive for chromogranin A and cytokeratin 7, indicating that they were hepatic progenitor cells. The nodule was therefore diagnosed as hamartoma, probably originating from a fragment of the caudal verge of the liver bud, which contains hepatic and pancreatic progenitors.
著者
Mun Keong KOK James K. CHAMBERS Atsushi DOHATA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Ryohei NISHIMURA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.17-0178, (Released:2017-05-01)

A 10-year-old mixed breed dog was presented with a 0.8 cm diameter mass below the left eye region. The mass was surgically removed and processed for histopathological examination. Microscopically, tumor cells proliferated in small lobules, nests and cords, and the tumor parenchyma was separated by desmoplastic stroma. Majority of the tumor cells were periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive, and the desmoplastic stroma was densely collagenous and mucinous. Immunohistochemical results showed that the tumor cells were diffusely positive for cytokeratin 15, cytokeratin 19 and CD 34, while cytokeratin 8 reactivity was limited to the tumor cells proliferating in cords. Few tumor cells were positive for nestin. Based on the histopathological findings, the tumor was diagnosed as desmoplastic tricholemmoma.
著者
Ken-ichi WATANABE James K. CHAMBERS Kazuyuki UCHIDA Kazumi NIBE Nanako USHIO Noriyuki HORIUCHI Yoshiyasu KOBAYASHI Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.16-0610, (Released:2017-01-28)
被引用文献数
1

The atypical cutaneous tumor of a 9-year-old mixed breed female dog was examined. The tumor was well-demarcated and histologically composed of a trichoblastic area, tricholemmal area and apocrine glandular area. Neoplastic cells in trichoblastic area and tricholemmal area had PAS-positive granules in the cytoplasm and were positive for pan-cytokeratin, cytokeratin 5/6, 14 and 19 and p63. Neoplastic cells in trichoblastic area were also positive for cytokeratin 15 and CD34. Neoplastic cells in apocrine glandular area were positive for pan-cytokeratin and cytokeratin 7, 18 and 19. Myoepithelial cell proliferation with osteocartilaginous metaplasia was observed in this area. Since neoplastic cells showed multiphenotypic differentiation for hair follicles and apocrine glands, the present case was diagnosed as a cutaneous mixed tumor.
著者
Atigan THONGTHARB Kazuyuki UCHIDA James K. CHAMBERS Yumiko KAGAWA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0627, (Released:2015-12-12)
被引用文献数
7

Histiocytic sarcoma is a progressive and fatal malignant neoplasm that mainly occurs in middle- to old-aged dogs. This study describes clinicopathological, histological and immunohistochemical characteristics of intracranial histiocytic sarcomas in 23 dogs. Magnetic resonance imaging and/or computed tomography of the brains revealed that the tumors mainly located in the cerebrum, particularly the frontal lobe. Seizure was a predominant clinical sign in most of the cases. Histologically, the tumor cells were morphologically classified into round/polygonal- and spindle-shaped cell types. There was a significant association between tumor cell types and hemophagocytic activity (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in other clinicopathological parameters and mitotic index between the 2 types. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were strongly positive for HLA-DR, Iba-1 and CD204 in all the 23 cases, for iNOS in 20, for CD163 in 17, for lysozyme and CD208 (DC-LAMP) in 9, and for S100 in 5 cases. In addition, the Ki67-proliferative index showed range of 0.50–64.33% (Average 26.60 ± 3.81%). These observations suggest that canine primary intracranial histiocytic sarcomas tend to exhibit both dendritic cell and macrophage phenotypes of histiocytic differentiation.