著者
Masashi TAKAHASHI Hirotaka TOMIYASU Eri HOTTA Hajime ASADA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Hideyuki KANEMOTO Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0414, (Released:2014-01-20)
被引用文献数
6 13

Canine histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare neoplasm that originates from dendritic cells or macrophages, and there have been a number of cases experienced in Japan. To identify the characteristics and prognostic variables that determine outcome in dogs with HS in Japan, medical records of 73 dogs with HS were retrospectively analyzed. Signalment, clinical signs, complete blood count (CBC), blood chemistry profiles, treatment, response to treatment and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. Diagnosis of HS was determined histologically in 44 cases and cytologically in 29 cases. The most frequently diagnosed breeds were Flat-Coated Retrievers (n=16, odds ratio [OR] 62.0), Pembroke Welsh corgis (n=15, OR 9.7) and Bernese Mountain dogs (n=14, OR 45.0). Median survival time for all dogs in this study was 43 days. In the dogs that received no treatment or only symptomatic treatment, the median OS was 12 days (range 2–254 days) compared with that of dogs that received surgical treatment and/or chemotherapy (85 days, range 4–360 days). Univariate analysis identified anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypoalbuminemia, hypoproteinemia and not receiving antitumor treatment (chemotherapy and/or surgery) as factors significantly associated with shorter OS. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet counts, localized/disseminated lesional pattern and whether the dog received antitumor treatment were significantly predictive of survival.
著者
Saaya HIYOSHI-KANEMOTO Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Masashi TAKAHASHI Hideyuki KANEMOTO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.15-0433, (Released:2016-02-18)

The presence of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) serves as a prognostic marker and indicator of disease relapse, as well as a means of evaluating treatment efficacy in human and canine lymphoma patients. As an extension of our previous study for the construction of clinically useful GeneScan system, we utilized the GeneScan system for detecting CTCs in canine lymphoma patients. Samples from the primary lesion and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were obtained from 32 dogs with lymphoma at initial diagnosis. All samples were subjected to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor gene rearrangements (PARR) followed by GeneScan analysis. Common clonal rearrangements with identical amplified fragments were detected in both the primary lesion and PBMCs in 19 of the 32 dogs (59.4%). However, the detection rate of CTCs varied among the anatomical classification of lymphoma studied. GeneScan analysis following PARR would facilitate studies on determining the clinical significance of CTCs in canine lymphoma patients.
著者
Junko CHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Tetsuya KOBAYASHI Kazuhiro KARIYA Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0246, (Released:2013-01-21)
被引用文献数
5 10 2

Of the various classification systems for non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the updated Kiel classification is valuable for veterinary practice, because of its utility to classify the subtypes not only by histopathology but also by cytomorphology. However, there are only a few reports of small number of feline lymphomas to apply the updated Kiel classification. In this study, immunogical subtypes and morphology of 76 feline lymphomas were evaluated and classified into subtypes of the updated Kiel classification. Of the cases, 49% were T-cell lymphoma, 25% were B-cell lymphoma and 26% were undetermined immunological subtype. Based on the updated Kiel classification, most subtypes were identified also in feline lymphomas as in dogs and humans. Globule leukocyte lymphoma was specific for cats and relatively common in feline alimentary lymphomas. Of the present cases, 64% were high-grade subtypes, whereas 36% were low-grade subtypes. The present study indicated that feline lymphomas could be morphologically classified by the modified updated Kiel classification.
著者
Hirofumi SATO Yasuhito FUJINO Junko CHINO Masashi TAKAHASHI Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0260, (Released:2014-02-10)
被引用文献数
4 13

The present study was carried out to analyze the prognosis of 163 cats with lymphoma classified anatomically and cytomorphologically. Anatomically, alimentary lymphoma was the most common form, and showed significantly shorter survival than mediastinal and nasal lymphomas in cats. Cytomorphologically, there was no predominant subtype in feline lymphomas. Immunoblastic type (18%), centroblastic type (16%), globule leukocyte type (15%), lymphocytic type (12%), lymphoblastic type (12%), pleomorphic medium and large cell type (10%) and anaplastic large cell type (7%) were relatively common subtypes. Most of cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma were alimentary formed. Comparing median survival time among the classification, cats with globule leukocyte lymphoma showed significantly shorter survival than those with high-grade and other low-grade lymphomas. Futhermore, cats with high-grade lymphoma showed significantly shorter survival than cats with other low-grade lymphoma. The present study indicated the clinical significance of anatomical and cytomorphological evaluation in feline lymphomas.
著者
Masashi TAKAHASHI Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Hideyuki KANEMOTO Ko NAKASHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Yasuyuki ENDO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0345, (Released:2014-02-10)
被引用文献数
2

Nimustine (ACNU) is an alkylating agent of the nitrosourea and can be an antineoplastic agent in dogs. But, there has been no report on its dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in dogs. This study was a phase I dose-escalation clinical trial to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and DLT of ACNU in tumor-bearing dogs. The starting dosage was 25 mg/m2, and subsequent dosages were administered in increments of 5 mg/m2 in cohort of 3 dogs. Eight dogs were included and the MTD was determined to be 25 mg/m2, DLT was neutropenia and the optimal interval was considered to be 21 days. The data herein provides a basis for the subsequent phase II trial of ACNU in dogs.
著者
Ko KOJIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0168, (Released:2013-01-22)
被引用文献数
4 4 3

Lymphoid malignancies such as leukemia and many types of lymphoma are common and severe disorders in dogs. Since shortening remission duration caused by resistance to chemotherapy often becomes clinically critical problems, development of novel and effective therapy should be required. The present study investigated the status of NF-κB, and effect of its inhibitor, bortezomib, in six canine neoplastic lymphoid cell lines. NF-κB p65 and p50 were detected in the nuclear fraction of GL-1, CLBL-1 and CL-1, suggesting that NF-κB was constitutively activated in the cells. NF-κB p65 was detected in the cytoplasmic fraction of UL-1 and Ema. After incubation with bortezomib, NF-κB p50 and p65 became undetectable in the nuclear fraction of GL-1, CLBL-1 and CL-1, and CLBL-1, respectively, and p65 was clearly degraded in the cytoplasmic fraction of CLBL-1 and CL-1. Bortezomib inhibited the proliferation of all cell lines except Nody-1 in a concentration-dependent manner. The results indicated that constitutive activation of NF-κB could contribute to the proliferation of canine neoplastic lymphoid cells, and bortezomib would have suppressive effects on the NF-κB activation and the proliferation of neoplastic lymphoid cells in dogs.
著者
Yasuhito FUJINO Yoichi NAKAMURA Hideaki MATSUMOTO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Masashi TAKAHASHI Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0264, (Released:2013-07-01)
被引用文献数
1 3

A novel hematology analyzer for small animal medicine, ProCyte Dx, was developed from combination of the fluorescence laser flow cytometry and laminar flow impedance technologies, and its accuracy was evaluated by comparing with the conventional impedance-based hematology analyzer, pocH-100iV Diff, or microscopic manual cell counting methods with staining blood smears in the canine blood. Blood samples of 59 dogs were hematologically analyzed and compared by Pearson’s correlation coefficients. Analyses between the two analyzers showed excellent correlation in RBC (r=0.998), HGB (r=0.999), HCT (r=0.998), MCV (r=0.994), MCH (r=0.974), MCHC (r=0.906), WBC (r=0.998) and PLT (r=0.993). Analyses between ProCyte Dx and microscopic manual counting results showed excellent correlation in neutrophils (r=0.920), lymphocytes (r=0.913) and reticulocyte percentages (r=0.924), good correlation in eosinophils (r=0.815) and reticulocyte numbers (r=0.850), and fair correlation in monocytes (r=0.770). The present study indicates that ProCyte Dx is acceptably accurate and can be a powerful tool for canine clinical medicine.
著者
Hirotaka TOMIYASU Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0337, (Released:2013-10-25)
被引用文献数
4 4

Treatments for canine lymphoma often fail because tumor cells acquire multidrug resistance (MDR). MDR can develop through several mechanisms, among which the overexpression of drug transporters in tumor cells is a well-studied mechanism. ATP-binding cassette sub-family G member 2 (ABCG2) belongs to the ABC-transporters, that are representative drug efflux pumps associated with MDR in human tumor cells. However, the regulation of ABCG2 gene expression in canine tumors is not well understood. The purpose of the present study was to reveal the regulatory mechanism of ABCG2 gene expression in 4 canine lymphoid tumor cell lines, GL-1, CLBL-1, UL-1 and Ema. Treatment with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), the protein kinase C (PKC) activator, stimulated MAPK/ERK pathway in GL-1, UL-1 and Ema cells and JNK pathway in UL-1 and Ema cells. When GL-1 and UL-1 cells were treated with PMA and the MAPK/ERK kinase inhibitor U0126, ABCG2 gene expression levels were elevated above those in untreated cells. Similarly, ABCG2 gene expression increased above control levels in UL-1 and Ema cells treated with PMA and the JNK inhibitor SP600125. However, ABCG2 gene expression was unaffected by U0126 exposure in CLBL-1 cells, in which activation of MAPK/ERK pathway was observed in non-treated cells. These results suggested that MAPK/ERK and JNK pathways downregulate ABCG2 gene expression, which is upregulated by unidentified but possibly PKC-dependent pathways, in several types of canine lymphoid tumor cells.
著者
Aki FUJIWARA-IGARASHI Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Hiroyuki MOCHIZUKI Shingo MAEDA Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0351, (Released:2013-01-24)
被引用文献数
6 8 2

The p16, p15 and p14 genes are widely known as tumor suppressor genes in human medicine. Although a large number of genetic and epigenetic aberrations in these genes have been reported in human malignancies, canine malignancies have not been well analyzed on the aberrations of these genes. In this study, the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of the canine p16 gene was cloned using the 5’ and 3’ rapid amplification of cDNA ends methods. Based on the sequence data, primers specific for p16, p15 and p14 were designed. Using these primers, the expression of p16, p15 and p14 mRNAs could be individually evaluated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Genomic aberrations were also examined using genomic polymerase chain reaction. Two of the six canine lymphoid tumor cell lines did not express detectable levels of p16, p15 and p14 mRNAs, and wide-ranging deletions in the p15-p14-p16 genomic locus were suspected. Wide-ranging deletions were also speculated in 2 of 14 dogs with T-cell lymphoid tumors. On the other hand, similar failure of amplification suggesting wide-ranging deletions were not observed in any of the 14 dogs with B-cell lymphoma. Deletion of the p15-p14-p16 genomic locus could be one of the molecular aberrations in canine lymphoid tumor cells.
著者
Hirotaka IGARASHI Koichi OHNO Aki OHMI Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Ko NAKASHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0166, (Released:2012-11-16)
被引用文献数
2 4 1

Two Miniature Dachshunds, a 7-year-old neutered male and an 8-year-old male, presented with chronic hematochezia and tenesmus. A solitary pedunculated or multiple diffuse colorectal polyps were identified with colonoscopy and resected by polypectomy. Inflammatory colorectal polyps (ICRPs) were diagnosed according to histopathological findings. Both cases were treated with immunosuppressive therapy, and the clinical signs were resolved, although the colorectal polyps remained to some extent. Several months after the initial diagnosis, both cases presented with recurrence of hematochezia and enlargement of the polyps. A second colonoscopic polypectomy was performed, and adenoma was diagnosed histopathologically in both cases. ICRPs are a nonneoplastic disease, but their long-term prognosis is unknown. Careful follow-up seems to be important, and repetitive biopsy is recommended when the growth of the polyps is identified in Miniature Dachshunds with ICRPs.
著者
Aki OHMI Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Yuko KOSHINO-GOTO Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Masashi TAKAHASHI Ko NAKASHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.1, pp.1-5, 2011 (Released:2011-01-29)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
4 5

We retrospectively studied the clinical and laboratory features and outcomes of chronic enteropathy in Shiba dogs. Among 99 dogs with chronic enteropathy, 21 Shiba dogs (21%) were included in the study (odds ratio, 7.14). No significant differences were seen in signalment, clinical signs, symptoms or laboratory profiles between the Shiba and non-Shiba groups. Severe histopathological lesions in the duodenum were a common finding in the Shiba group. The median overall duration of survival in the Shiba group was 74 days, while that of the dogs in the non-Shiba group could not be determined because more than half of the cases remained alive at the end of this study. The difference between the groups was statistically significant (P<0.0001). The 6-month and 1-year survival rates for the Shiba group were 46% and 31%, respectively. Conversely, the 6-month, 1-year and 3-year survival rates for the non-Shiba group were 83%, 74% and 67%. The results obtained here demonstrated that the Shiba dog is predisposed to chronic enteropathy and shows severe duodenum lesions and poor outcomes, indicating a breed-specific disease.
著者
Shingo MAEDA Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hirotaka IGARASHI Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.14-0060, (Released:2014-05-15)
被引用文献数
1 7

Serine proteases elicit cellular responses via protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) which is known to regulate inflammation and the immune response. Although the gastrointestinal tract is exposed to large amounts of proteolytic enzymes, the role of PAR-2 in canine inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of PAR-2 activation on inflammatory cytokine/chemokine gene expression in canine intestine and the expression of intestinal PAR-2 and fecal serine protease activity in dogs with IBD. Duodenal biopsies from healthy dogs were cultured and treated ex vivo with trypsin or PAR-2 agonist peptide, and inflammatory cytokine/chemokine gene expression in the tissues was then quantified by real-time PCR. PAR-2 mRNA and protein expression levels in the duodenal mucosa were examined by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Fecal serine protease activity was determined by azocasein assay. In ex vivo-cultured duodenum, trypsin and PAR-2 agonist peptide induced significant up-regulation of mRNA expression levels of interleukin-1 β (IL-1β), IL-8, mucosae-associated epithelial chemokine (MEC) and fractalkine, and this up-regulation was inhibited by a serine protease inhibitor. Duodenal PAR-2 mRNA and protein expression levels were higher in dogs with IBD than in healthy control dogs. Fecal serine protease activity was significantly elevated in dogs with IBD, and the level of activity correlated positively with the clinical severity score. These results suggest that PAR-2 may contribute to the pathogenesis of canine IBD by inducing expression of inflammatory mediators in response to luminal serine proteases.
著者
Mayumi NAKAJIMA Koichi OHNO Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Yasuhito FUJINO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.13-0583, (Released:2013-12-20)
被引用文献数
3 3

Rapid turnover proteins such as transferrin (Tf) are used as dynamic nutritional assessment proteins in human medicine. However, nutritional status in veterinary medicine is mostly assessed on the basis of classical static factors such as body weight, body condition score and plasma albumin level. This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of Tf as nutritional assessment marker by measuring plasma Tf concentrations in malnourished dogs before and after nutritional treatment. Post plasma Tf concentrations were significantly higher than those of pre treatment, although albumin concentration did not change significantly. Numbers of dogs that exhibited increases in plasma Tf concentrations are significantly related to weight gain. Furthermore, the survival rates at day 60 after the treatment initiation were significantly higher in dogs with plasma Tf concentrations above the reference value (180 mg/dl) after the nutritional treatment than those with a plasma Tf concentration<180 mg/dl. In conclusion, plasma Tf concentration is related to nutritional condition and would be a candidate for novel nutritional assessment marker in dogs.
著者
Aki FUJIWARA-IGARASHI Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Hiroyuki MOCHIZUKI Shingo MAEDA Yasuhito FUJINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.6, pp.733-742, 2013 (Released:2013-07-01)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
6 8

The p16, p15 and p14 genes are widely known as tumor suppressor genes in human medicine. Although a large number of genetic and epigenetic aberrations in these genes have been reported in human malignancies, canine malignancies have not been well analyzed on the aberrations of these genes. In this study, the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of the canine p16 gene was cloned using the 5’ and 3’ rapid amplification of cDNA ends methods. Based on the sequence data, primers specific for p16, p15 and p14 were designed. Using these primers, the expression of p16, p15 and p14 mRNAs could be individually evaluated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Genomic aberrations were also examined using genomic polymerase chain reaction. Two of the 6 canine lymphoid tumor cell lines did not express detectable levels of p16, p15 and p14 mRNAs, and wide-ranging deletions in the p15-p14-p16 genomic locus were suspected. Wide-ranging deletions were also speculated in 2 of 14 dogs with T-cell lymphoid tumors. On the other hand, similar failure of amplification suggesting wide-ranging deletions were not observed in any of the 14 dogs with B-cell lymphoma. Deletion of the p15-p14-p16 genomic locus could be one of the molecular aberrations in canine lymphoid tumor cells.
著者
Ko KOJIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Yuko GOTO-KOSHINO Koichi OHNO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.6, pp.727-731, 2013 (Released:2013-07-01)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
4 4

Lymphoid malignancies, such as leukemia, and many types of lymphoma are common and severe disorders in dogs. Since shortening remission duration caused by resistance to chemotherapy often becomes clinically critical problems, development of novel and effective therapy should be required. The present study investigated the status of NF-κB and effect of its inhibitor, bortezomib, in six canine neoplastic lymphoid cell lines. NF-κB p65 and p50 were detected in the nuclear fraction of GL-1, CLBL-1 and CL-1, suggesting that NF-κB was constitutively activated in the cells. NF-κB p65 was detected in the cytoplasmic fraction of UL-1 and Ema. After incubation with bortezomib, NF-κB p50 and p65 became undetectable in the nuclear fraction of GL-1, CLBL-1 and CL-1, and CLBL-1, respectively, and p65 was clearly degraded in the cytoplasmic fraction of CLBL-1 and CL-1. Bortezomib inhibited the proliferation of all cell lines except Nody-1 in a concentration-dependent manner. The results indicated that constitutive activation of NF-κB could contribute to the proliferation of canine neoplastic lymphoid cells, and bortezomib would have suppressive effects on the NF-κB activation and the proliferation of neoplastic lymphoid cells in dogs.
著者
Hirotaka IGARASHI Koichi OHNO Aki OHMI Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Ko NAKASHIMA Yasuhito FUJINO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.4, pp.535-538, 2013 (Released:2013-05-02)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
2 4

Two miniature dachshunds, a 7-year-old neutered male and an 8-year-old male, presented with chronic hematochezia and tenesmus. A solitary pedunculated or multiple diffuse colorectal polyps were identified by colonoscopy and resected by polypectomy. Inflammatory colorectal polyps (ICRPs) were diagnosed according to histopathological findings. Both cases were treated with immunosuppressive therapy, and the clinical signs were resolved, although the colorectal polyps remained to some extent. Several months after the initial diagnosis, both cases presented with recurrence of hematochezia and enlargement of the polyps. A second colonoscopic polypectomy was performed, and adenoma was diagnosed histopathologically in both cases. ICRPs are a nonneoplastic disease, but their long-term prognosis is unknown. Careful follow-up seems to be important, and repetitive biopsy is recommended when growth of polyps is identified in miniature dachshunds with ICRPs.
著者
Yoshinori TAKEUCHI Masashi TAKAHASHI Masaya TSUBOI Yasuhito FUJINO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Koichi OHNO Hiroyuki NAKAYAMA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.74, no.8, pp.1057-1062, 2012 (Released:2012-09-03)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
2 6

A Japanese domestic long-hair cat of about 8 years of age was presented with vomiting and hematochezia and was found to have significant hypereosinophilia. Bone marrow aspiration revealed moderate increases of eosinophilic lineages. Histopathological examination revealed mild eosinophilic and epitheliotropic T-lymphocytic infiltrations in the duodenum. Although the cat remained asymptomatic with only prednisolone administration, the cat presented with hematemesis, weight loss, and severe anorexia 512 days after the initial presentation. Subsequently, gastrointestinal perforation developed, and the cat died on Day 536. Histopathological examination of autopsy specimens revealed mixed cellular infiltration including eosinophils and neoplastic lymphocytes in the intestinal lymph nodes, intestine, liver, spleen, and pancreas. Immunohistochemical examination supports a diagnosis of intestinal T-cell lymphoma with severe hypereosinophilic syndrome.
著者
Sanae KUBOTA Koichi OHNO Atsushi TSUKAMOTO Shingo MAEDA Yosuke MURATA Ko NAKASHIMA Kenjiro FUKUSHIMA Kazuyuki UCHIDA Yasuhito FUJINO Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0528, (Released:2013-04-05)
被引用文献数
1 4

Urea breath test (UBT) using an infrared spectral analyzer is widely used for non-invasive and rapid detection of gastric Helicobacter spp. in human, but not veterinary medicine. The main purposes of this study were to determine the reference range of the UBT in dogs and to evaluate its clinical usefulness. To address the first aim, 6 healthy laboratory beagles were subjected to UBT and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Gastric endoscopic biopsy samples from the antrum, corpus and fundus were examined for Helicobacter spp. by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing, rapid urease test (RUT), histology and cytology. Amoxicillin, metronidazole and omeprazole were given to infected dogs for 14 days, and dogs that became Helicobacter-negative were used to determine the reference range for UBT. To address the second aim, 32 canine patients underwent UBT before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and the sensitivity and specificity of UBT were calculated based on our newly determined reference range using PCR as the gold standard for detection of Helicobacter spp. Initially, all 6 laboratory beagles were infected in all gastric regions and became uninfected after eradication. The mean ± 2 SD UBT value after eradication was 0.6 ± 1.8‰, and the reference range for UBT was determined to be less than 2.5‰. UBT was completed successfully in 27 patients. Using our reference range, UBT displayed 89% (16/18) sensitivity and 89% (8/9) specificity, indicating that UBT was quite useful for the detection of gastric Helicobacter spp. infection in dogs.
著者
Shingo MAEDA Yasuhito FUJINO Chie TAMAMOTO Satoshi SUZUKI Atsushi FUJITA Masashi TAKAHASHI Koichi OHNO Kazuyuki UCHIDA Hajime TSUJIMOTO
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.2, pp.187-190, 2013 (Released:2013-03-01)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 1

A 13-year-old, neutered male miniature dachshund was presented with a one-month history of bilateral symmetrical swelling in the pinnae and carpal, cubital and tarsal joints, and swelling in the tail. The lesions were histopathologically characterized by multiple dilated lymphatic vessels lined by a single attenuated layer of endothelial cells. The subcutis was predominantly involved. A number of spindle-shaped cells lining the irregular vessels were observed. Morphological atypia was not evident in these cells. Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that the proliferating endothelial cells were positive for factor VIII-related antigen and CD31. Based on the clinical presentation and histopathological features, the dog was diagnosed with lymphangiomatosis. Treatment with anti-inflammatory prednisolone improved the symptoms.
著者
Rui KANO Ayami SHIBAHASHI Yasuhito FUJINO Hiroki SAKAI Takashi MORI Hajime TSUJIMOTO Tokuma YANAI Atsuhiko HASEGAWA
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0119, (Released:2012-08-10)
被引用文献数
13 19

Aspergillus udagawae and A. viridinutans are members of the section Fumigati; both cause invasive aspergillosis in humans. These two Aspergillus species are discriminated from A. fumigatus by molecular methods. Herein, we report two cases of feline orbital aspergillosis, one caused by A. udagawae and the other by A. viridinutans. To our knowledge, Case 1 represents the first reported case of treatment of A. udagawae with a high dosage of itraconazole, and Case 2 represents the first reported case of A. viridinutans infection associated with sarcoma. Identification of the etiologic agents of these cases was confirmed by comparative analyses of the sequences of β-tubulin-encoding genes. With the spread of non-fumigatus aspergillosis, increasing emphasis should be placed on molecular identification of the infecting Aspergillus species and the use of in vitro drug susceptibility tests to ensure the selection of appropriate antibiotics.