著者
Shinichi Kuriyama Nobuo Yaegashi Fuji Nagami Tomohiko Arai Yoshio Kawaguchi Noriko Osumi Masaki Sakaida Yoichi Suzuki Keiko Nakayama Hiroaki Hashizume Gen Tamiya Hiroshi Kawame Kichiya Suzuki Atsushi Hozawa Naoki Nakaya Masahiro Kikuya Hirohito Metoki Ichiro Tsuji Nobuo Fuse Hideyasu Kiyomoto Junichi Sugawara Akito Tsuboi Shinichi Egawa Kiyoshi Ito Koichi Chida Tadashi Ishii Hiroaki Tomita Yasuyuki Taki Naoko Minegishi Naoto Ishii Jun Yasuda Kazuhiko Igarashi Ritsuko Shimizu Masao Nagasaki Seizo Koshiba Kengo Kinoshita Soichi Ogishima Takako Takai-Igarashi Teiji Tominaga Osamu Tanabe Noriaki Ohuchi Toru Shimosegawa Shigeo Kure Hiroshi Tanaka Sadayoshi Ito Jiro Hitomi Kozo Tanno Motoyuki Nakamura Kuniaki Ogasawara Seiichiro Kobayashi Kiyomi Sakata Mamoru Satoh Atsushi Shimizu Makoto Sasaki Ryujin Endo Kenji Sobue the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group Masayuki Yamamoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150268, (Released:2016-07-02)
参考文献数
64
被引用文献数
1 49

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members. The TMM CommCohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2016 and follow them for at least 5 years. The TMM BirThree Cohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2017 and follow them for at least 4 years. For children, the ToMMo Child Health Study, which adopted a cross-sectional design, was also started in November 2012 in Miyagi Prefecture. An integrated biobank will be constructed based on the two prospective cohort studies, and ToMMo and IMM will investigate the chronic medical impacts of the GEJE. The integrated biobank of TMM consists of health and clinical information, biospecimens, and genome and omics data. The biobank aims to establish a firm basis for personalized healthcare and medicine, mainly for diseases aggravated by the GEJE in the two prefectures. Biospecimens and related information in the biobank will be distributed to the research community. TMM itself will also undertake genomic and omics research. The aims of the genomic studies are: 1) to construct an integrated biobank; 2) to return genomic research results to the participants of the cohort studies, which will lead to the implementation of personalized healthcare and medicine in the affected areas in the near future; and 3) to contribute the development of personalized healthcare and medicine worldwide. Through the activities of TMM, we will clarify how to approach prolonged healthcare problems in areas damaged by large-scale disasters and how useful genomic information is for disease prevention.
著者
Susumu YAMAMOTO Hiroya HASHIZUME Jiro HITOMI Masatsugu SHIGENO Shoichi SAWAGUCHI Haruki ABE Tatsuo USHIKI
出版者
国際組織細胞学会
雑誌
Archives of Histology and Cytology (ISSN:09149465)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.63, no.2, pp.127-135, 2000 (Released:2005-11-22)
参考文献数
18
被引用文献数
29 44

The present study was designed to analyze the subfibrillar structure of corneal and scleral collagen fibrils by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Isolated collagen fibrils of the bovine cornea and sclera were fixed with 1% OsO4, stained with phosphotungstic acid and uranyl acetate, dehydrated in ethanol, critical point-dried, metal-coated, and observed in an in-lens type field emission SEM. Some isolated collagen fibrils were fixed with 1% OsO4, dehydrated, critical point-dried and observed without metal-coating in an AFM. Isolated collagen fibrils treated with acetic acid were also examined by SEM and AFM. SEM and AFM images revealed that corneal and scleral collagen fibrils had periodic transverse grooves and ridges on their surface; the periodicity (i. e., D-periodicity) was about 63 nm in the cornea and about 67 nm in the sclera. Both corneal and scleral collagen fibrils contained subfibrils running helicoidally in a rightward direction to the longitudinal axis of the fibril; the inclination angle was about 15° in the corneal fibrils and 5° in the scleral fibrils. These findings indicate that the different D-periodicity between corneal and scleral fibrils depends on the different inclinations of the subfibrils in each fibril. The present study thus showed that corneal collagen fibrils differ from scleral collagen fibrils not only in diameter but also in substructure.