著者
Masato Takase Mitsuhiro Yamada Tomohiro Nakamura Naoki Nakaya Mana Kogure Rieko Hatanaka Kumi Nakaya Ippei Chiba Ikumi Kanno Kotaro Nochioka Naho Tsuchiya Takumi Hirata Yohei Hamanaka Junichi Sugawara Tomoko Kobayashi Nobuo Fuse Akira Uruno Eiichi N Kodama Shinichi Kuriyama Ichiro Tsuji Atsushi Hozawa
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20220355, (Released:2023-04-08)
参考文献数
44
被引用文献数
1

Background: Although fat mass index (FMI) and fat-free mass index (FFMI) affect lung function, FMI and FFMI are not independent of each other since FMI and FFMI were calculated as fat mass and fat-free mass divided by height squared, respectively. We aimed to examine the association of combined FMI and FFMI with lung function.Methods: In this cross-sectional study, lung function was evaluated using forced expiratory volume at 1 s and forced vital capacity was measured using spirometry. Both FMI and FFMI were classified into sex-specific quartiles (16 groups). Analysis of covariance was used to assess the associations of combined FMI and FFMI with lung function. The trend test was conducted by stratifying the FMI and FFMI, scoring the categories from 1–4 (lowest–highest), and entering the number as a continuous term in the regression model.Results: This study included 3,736 men and 8,821 women aged ≥20 years living in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. The mean FEV1 (standard deviation) was 3.0 (0.7) L for men and 2.3 (0.5) L for women. The mean FVC was 3.8 (0.7) L for men and 2.8 (0.5) L for women. The FMI was inversely associated with lung function among all FFMI subgroups in both sexes. Conversely, FFMI was positively associated with lung function in all FMI subgroups in both sexes.Conclusions: Higher FMI was associated with lower lung function independent of FFMI; higher FFMI was associated with higher lung function independent of FMI. Reducing FMI and maintaining FFMI might be important for respiratory health.
著者
Tomohiro Nakamura Mari Nakamura Mayumi Kai Yumiko Shibasaki Haruki Tomita Miku Watabe Hatsumi Yokokura Shin-ichi Momomura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-23-0059, (Released:2023-08-31)
参考文献数
23

Background: For patients with advanced heart failure, palliative care, including opioids, is needed as a treatment for refractory dyspnea. However, little evidence has been reported on the efficacy and safety of opioids, and their use is not well established.Methods and Results: We have introduced a protocol for the use of opioids for dyspnea in patients with advanced heart failure admitted to Saitama Citizens Medical Center. Following this protocol, differences in clinical variables and outcome were investigated between patients in whom opioids were initiated intravenously or subcutaneously (i.v./s.c. group; n=13) and patients in whom they were initiated orally (oral group; n=18). In a comparison of baseline characteristics, significantly more patients in the oral group had a history of hospitalization for heart failure within the past year, and significantly more patients were treated with dobutamine and tolvaptan. After initiation of opioid treatment, both groups showed improvement in dyspnea; however, serial changes in vital signs were significantly greater in the i.v./s.c. group. The survival rate was significantly higher in the oral group (P<0.0001), with 33% of patients discharged alive.Conclusions: The clinical use of oral opioids using a single-center protocol is reported, suggesting that oral opioids may be practical and effective for dyspnea in patients with advanced heart failure.
著者
Masato Takase Naoki Nakaya Tomohiro Nakamura Mana Kogure Rieko Hatanaka Kumi Nakaya Ippei Chiba Ikumi Kanno Kotaro Nochioka Naho Tsuchiya Takumi Hirata Akira Narita Taku Obara Mami Ishikuro Akira Uruno Tomoko Kobayashi Eiichi N Kodama Yohei Hamanaka Masatsugu Orui Soichi Ogishima Satoshi Nagaie Nobuo Fuse Junichi Sugawara Shinichi Kuriyama Ichiro Tsuji Gen Tamiya Atsushi Hozawa Masayuki Yamamoto the ToMMo investigators
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.64425, (Released:2023-10-06)
参考文献数
42

Aim: The influence of family history of diabetes, probably reflecting genetic and lifestyle factors, on the association of combined genetic and lifestyle risks with diabetes is unknown. We examined these associations. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 9,681 participants in the Tohoku Medical Megabank Community-based Cohort Study. A lifestyle score, which was categorized into ideal, intermediate, and poor lifestyles, was given. Family history was obtained through a self-reported questionnaire. A polygenic risk score (PRS) was constructed in the target data (n=1,936) using publicly available genome-wide association study summary statistics from BioBank Japan. For test data (n=7,745), we evaluated PRS performance and examined the associations of combined family history and genetic and lifestyle risks with diabetes. Diabetes was defined as non-fasting blood glucose ≥ 200 mmHg, HbA1c ≥ 6.5%, and/or self-reported diabetes treatment. Results: In test data, 467 (6.0%) participants had diabetes. Compared with a low genetic risk and an ideal lifestyle without a family history, the odds ratio (OR) was 3.73 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.92–7.00) for a lower genetic risk and a poor lifestyle without a family history. Family history was significantly associated with diabetes (OR, 3.58 [95% CI, 1.73–6.98]), even in those with a low genetic risk and an ideal lifestyle. Even among participants who had an ideal lifestyle without a family history, a high genetic risk was associated with diabetes (OR, 2.49 [95% CI, 1.65–3.85]). Adding PRS to family history and conventional lifestyle risk factors improved the prediction ability for diabetes. Conclusions: Our findings support the notion that a healthy lifestyle is important to prevent diabetes regardless of genetic risk.
著者
Atsushi Hozawa Kozo Tanno Naoki Nakaya Tomohiro Nakamura Naho Tsuchiya Takumi Hirata Akira Narita Mana Kogure Kotaro Nochioka Ryohei Sasaki Nobuyuki Takanashi Kotaro Otsuka Kiyomi Sakata Shinichi Kuriyama Masahiro Kikuya Osamu Tanabe Junichi Sugawara Kichiya Suzuki Yoichi Suzuki Eiichi N Kodama Nobuo Fuse Hideyasu Kiyomoto Hiroaki Tomita Akira Uruno Yohei Hamanaka Hirohito Metoki Mami Ishikuro Taku Obara Tomoko Kobayashi Kazuyuki Kitatani Takako Takai-Igarashi Soichi Ogishima Mamoru Satoh Hideki Ohmomo Akito Tsuboi Shinichi Egawa Tadashi Ishii Kiyoshi Ito Sadayoshi Ito Yasuyuki Taki Naoko Minegishi Naoto Ishii Masao Nagasaki Kazuhiko Igarashi Seizo Koshiba Ritsuko Shimizu Gen Tamiya Keiko Nakayama Hozumi Motohashi Jun Yasuda Atsushi Shimizu Tsuyoshi Hachiya Yuh Shiwa Teiji Tominaga Hiroshi Tanaka Kotaro Oyama Ryoichi Tanaka Hiroshi Kawame Akimune Fukushima Yasushi Ishigaki Tomoharu Tokutomi Noriko Osumi Tadao Kobayashi Fuji Nagami Hiroaki Hashizume Tomohiko Arai Yoshio Kawaguchi Shinichi Higuchi Masaki Sakaida Ryujin Endo Satoshi Nishizuka Ichiro Tsuji Jiro Hitomi Motoyuki Nakamura Kuniaki Ogasawara Nobuo Yaegashi Kengo Kinoshita Shigeo Kure Akio Sakai Seiichiro Kobayashi Kenji Sobue Makoto Sasaki Masayuki Yamamoto
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.31, no.1, pp.65-76, 2021-01-05 (Released:2021-01-05)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
54 66

Background: We established a community-based cohort study to assess the long-term impact of the Great East Japan Earthquake on disaster victims and gene-environment interactions on the incidence of major diseases, such as cancer and cardiovascular diseases.Methods: We asked participants to join our cohort in the health check-up settings and assessment center based settings. Inclusion criteria were aged 20 years or over and living in Miyagi or Iwate Prefecture. We obtained information on lifestyle, effect of disaster, blood, and urine information (Type 1 survey), and some detailed measurements (Type 2 survey), such as carotid echography and calcaneal ultrasound bone mineral density. All participants agreed to measure genome information and to distribute their information widely.Results: As a result, 87,865 gave their informed consent to join our study. Participation rate at health check-up site was about 70%. The participants in the Type 1 survey were more likely to have psychological distress than those in the Type 2 survey, and women were more likely to have psychological distress than men. Additionally, coastal residents were more likely to have higher degrees of psychological distress than inland residents, regardless of sex.Conclusion: This cohort comprised a large sample size and it contains information on the natural disaster, genome information, and metabolome information. This cohort also had several detailed measurements. Using this cohort enabled us to clarify the long-term effect of the disaster and also to establish personalized prevention based on genome, metabolome, and other omics information.
著者
Masato Takase Naoki Nakaya Tomohiro Nakamura Mana Kogure Rieko Hatanaka Kumi Nakaya Ippei Chiba Ikumi Kanno Kotaro Nochioka Naho Tsuchiya Takumi Hirata Yohei Hamanaka Junichi Sugawara Tomoko Kobayashi Nobuo Fuse Akira Uruno Eiichi N Kodama Shinichi Kuriyama Ichiro Tsuji Atsushi Hozawa
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.64039, (Released:2023-02-11)
参考文献数
56
被引用文献数
1

Aim: We examined the association between the carotid intima medica thickness (cIMT) and risk factors for atherosclerosis based on the Japan Atherosclerosis Society 2022 Atherosclerosis Prevention Guideline. Methods: Using data from the Tohoku Medical Megabank Community-based Cohort Study, we performed a cross-sectional study that enrolled 13,366 participants (age ≥ 20 years) with an analysis of covariance to assess associations between cIMT and risk factors for atherosclerosis. The maximum common carotid artery was measured using high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. Analysis was conducted in the model adjusted for age, sex, smoking status, drinking status, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), non-high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (non-HDL-C), and height. Results: In this study cohort, the average age and cIMT were 57.3 (13.8) years and 0.61 (0.13) mm, respectively, which included 3,988 males (29.8%). Males had a higher cIMT than did the females. Age, height, BMI, SBP, HbA1c, and non-HDL-C were positively associated with cIMT. HDL-C was inversely associated with cIMT. Compared with never drinkers, current drinkers (≥ 46.0 g/day) had a significantly decreased cIMT. Conclusions: The cIMT was associated with atherosclerosis risk factors including age, sex, BMI, SBP, HbA1c, non-HDL-C, and HDL-C, and adequate control of risks in high-risk individuals might be required to prevent atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases.
著者
Fumi Itabashi Takumi Hirata Mana Kogure Akira Narita Naho Tsuchiya Tomohiro Nakamura Naoki Nakaya Ryohei Sasaki Nobuyuki Takanashi Kiyomi Sakata Kozo Tanno Junichi Sugawara Shinichi Kuriyama Ichiro Tsuji Shigeo Kure Atsushi Hozawa
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.32, no.5, pp.221-227, 2022-05-05 (Released:2022-05-05)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
7

Background: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) are enzymes associated with diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence. However, limited information is available regarding the association of liver enzymes and DM consistently present in obese and non-obese individuals. We examined whether the combination of ALT and GGT enzymes is associated with the prevalence of DM, regardless of obesity, in a general Japanese population.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 62,786 participants aged ≥20 years who lived in Miyagi and Iwate, Japan. We divided all the participants into eight groups according to the ALT level (low: <30 IU/L and high: ≥30 IU/L), GGT level (low: <50 IU/L and high: ≥50 IU/L), and the presence of obesity. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusting for potential confounders, to determine associations of the combination of ALT and GGT levels and obesity with DM prevalence.Results: Overall, 6,008 participants (9.6%) had DM. Compared to non-obese individuals with low ALT and GGT levels, the participants with high ALT and GGT levels had high ORs for DM in both obese (OR 4.06; 95% CI, 3.61–4.56) and non-obese groups (OR 2.19; 95% CI, 1.89–2.52). The obese group had high ORs for DM, even at low ALT and GGT levels.Conclusion: High ALT and GGT levels are associated with DM prevalence in obese and non-obese participants. This finding suggests that correcting ALT and GGT levels and controlling obesity are important for the prevention of DM.
著者
Masato Takase Mitsuhiro Yamada Tomohiro Nakamura Naoki Nakaya Mana Kogure Rieko Hatanaka Kumi Nakaya Ikumi Kanno Kotaro Nochioka Naho Tsuchiya Takumi Hirata Yohei Hamanaka Junichi Sugawara Tomoko Kobayashi Nobuo Fuse Akira Uruno Eiichi N Kodama Shinichi Kuriyama Ichiro Tsuji Atsushi Hozawa
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.63826, (Released:2022-11-04)
参考文献数
54
被引用文献数
1

Aim: Impaired lung function is associated with atherosclerotic vascular events. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) is a marker for subclinical atherosclerosis. However, few studies have examined the association between lung function and cIMT among never smokers or individuals stratified by age. We investigated the association between lung function and cIMT in the Japanese population. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 3,716 men and 8,765 women aged 20 years or older living in Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. Lung function was evaluated using forced expiratory volume at 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) was measured using spirometry. The maximum common carotid artery was measured using high-resolution B-mode ultrasound. An analysis of covariance was used to assess associations between lung function and cIMT and adjusted for potential confounders. A linear trend test was conducted by scoring the categories from 1 (lowest) to 4 (highest) and entering the score as a continuous term in the regression model. Results: After adjusting for potential confounders including passive smoking, lower FEV1 and FVC were associated with higher cIMT in both men and women (P<0.001 for linear trend). This association was confirmed even when we restricted our study to never smokers. Furthermore, even when we stratified by age, an inverse association between lung function and cIMT was confirmed in middle-aged (40-64 years) and elderly participants (65-74 years). Conclusions: Lower lung function was associated with higher cIMT in the Japanese population independent of age and smoking. Assessment of atherosclerosis or lung function may be required for individuals with lower lung function or atherosclerosis.
著者
Fuminosuke YAMAMURA Tomochika SUGIURA Montgomery MUNBY Yusei SHIOKURA Ryo MURATA Tomohiro NAKAMURA Jumpei FUJIKI Hidetomo IWANO
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.3, pp.420-428, 2022 (Released:2022-03-15)
参考文献数
45
被引用文献数
2

Although Escherichia coli is a commensal bacterium of the bovine vaginal microbiota, it is an important pathogenic bacterium that causes diseases of the reproductive tract and sub-fertility. Recent studies have focused on virulence factors (VFs) of intrauterine E. coli; however, actual endometrial VFs have not been clearly identified. The purpose of this study was to identify the VFs of E. coli associated with clinical metritis and endometritis. Thirty-two strains of E. coli and four mixed Trueperella pyogenes (TP) strains were detected in the uterus of 19 Holstein dairy cows with obvious clinical signs (between 8 and 66 days postpartum). The presence of six E. coli VFs (fimH, fyuA, kpsMTII, hra1, csgA, and astA) was examined by PCR, and clinical signs and reproductive performance (mixed TP, the percentage of polymorphonuclear neutrophils [PMN%], days to uterine involution, etc.) were evaluated. Four VFs (fimH, hra1, csgA, and astA) were detected in all E. coli strains, whereas fyuA and kpsMTII were detected in 94% and 50% of strains, respectively. Cows with E. coli strains harboring kpsMTII exhibited significantly severe clinical scores (vaginal discharge score, PMN%, uterine involution), suggesting that kpsMTII is a key VF for progression of clinical metritis and endometritis. In the present study, we clearly identified six VFs associated with clinical metritis and endometritis. In addition, E. coli strains with kpsMTII probably play a crucial role in the progression of clinical metritis and endometritis.
著者
Mana Kogure Naho Tsuchiya Akira Narita Takumi Hirata Naoki Nakaya Tomohiro Nakamura Atsushi Hozawa Takehito Hayakawa Nagako Okuda Naoko Miyagawa Aya Kadota Takayoshi Ohkubo Yoshitaka Murakami Kiyomi Sakata Katsuyuki Miura Akira Okayama Tomonori Okamura Hirotsugu Ueshima
出版者
Japan Epidemiological Association
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20190234, (Released:2020-02-08)
参考文献数
20
被引用文献数
3

Background: Major reasons for long-term care insurance certification in Japan are stroke, dementia and fracture. These diseases are reported to be associated with calcium intake. This study examined the association between calcium intake and impaired activities of daily living (ADL) using the data from NIPPON DATA90, consisting of representative sample of the Japanese population.Methods: A population-based nested case control study was performed. A baseline survey was conducted in 1990, followed by ADL surveys of individuals ≥65 years old in 2000. Individuals with impaired ADL and selected age- and sex-matched controls were then identified. We obtained 132 pairs. Calcium intake was energy-adjusted using the residual method. The association between calcium intake and impaired ADL was examined using conditional logistic regression models. To assess the accuracy of the estimates, we conducted bootstrap analyses.Results: The adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for impaired ADL compared with the group with a calcium intake of <476 mg/day were 0.72 (95% confidence interval, 95% CI: 0.37-1.40) for the 476-606 mg/day group and 0.44 (0.21-0.94) for the ≥607 mg/day group in 2000 (P for linear trend = 0.03). After the bootstrap analyses, the inverse relationship unchanged (median OR per 100-mg rise in calcium intake: 0.87 [1,000 resamplings], 95% CI: 0.76-0.97).Conclusions: After bootstrap analyses, calcium intake was inversely associated with impaired ADL, 10 years after the baseline survey.
著者
TOMOHIRO NAKAMURA RYO KAKIGI NORIKO ICHINOSEKI-SEKINE TAKAMASA TSUZUKI HIROYUKI KOBAYASHI KAZUHIKO SAKUMA HISASHI NAITO
出版者
The Juntendo Medical Society
雑誌
順天堂醫事雑誌 (ISSN:21879737)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JMJ19-OA08, (Released:2019-09-25)
参考文献数
21

Objective: Alpha-actinin (ACTN) 3 R577X polymorphisms have three genotypes: RR, RX and XX. Only RR and RX genotypes express ACTN3 protein in type II fibers. The purpose of this study was to clarify whether there are differences in ACTN3 protein expression levels and myosin heavy chain (MyHC) composition between RR and RX genotypes in Japanese college-level male sprinters.Materials and Methods: Forty-three Japanese college-level male sprinters participated in this study. Subjects were genotyped for ACTN3 R577X using a real-time polymerase chain reaction assay. Furthermore, muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained from a subset of subjects who had R allele and gave their consent (4 RR and 9 RX). ACTN3 protein expression levels were assessed by western blotting. MyHC composition was determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis.Results: There was no difference in 100-m sprint performance among RR, RX and XX genotypes in all 43 subjects. In 13 biopsy-sampled subjects, there was also no difference in 100-m sprint performance between RR and RX and ACTN3 protein expression levels tended to be higher in RR genotype than in RX genotype. Although there were no differences in the proportion of type I and II MyHC isoforms between both genotypes, RR genotype had a significantly higher proportion of type IIx MyHC isoform and a significantly lower proportion of type IIa MyHC isoform than RX genotype.Conclusions: ACTN3 protein expression levels and the proportion of type IIx MyHC isoform are higher in RR genotype compared with RX genotype in Japanese college-level male sprinters.
著者
Naoki Nakaya Akira Narita Naho Tsuchiya Tomohiro Nakamura Ichiro Tsuji Atsushi Hozawa Hiroaki Tomita
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.239, no.4, pp.307-314, 2016 (Released:2016-08-10)
参考文献数
28
被引用文献数
6

Several studies have reported that not only patients with chronic diseases but also their partners are likely to face major psychosocial problems. This study examined the association between a partner’s ongoing treatment for chronic disease and the risk of psychological distress after the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE). In 2012, a questionnaire was distributed as part of a cross-sectional study of participants aged 20 years or older living in a municipality that had been severely inundated by the tsunami following the GEJE. We identified couples using the household numbers of the municipality and collected self-reported information on ongoing chronic disease treatment for stroke, cancer, myocardial infarction, and angina. Psychological distress was evaluated using the Kessler 6 scale (K6) and was defined as a score ≥ 5/24 points. Among 1,246 couples (2,492 participants) thus identified, 2,369 completed the K6. The number of participants whose partners were under treatment for chronic diseases was 209 (9%). Overall, participants with partners who were receiving treatment for chronic diseases (odds ratio [OR] = 1.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.95-1.8, P = 0.09) did not show a significantly higher risk of psychological distress using logistic regression analysis. Women, but not men, whose partners were receiving treatment for chronic diseases, had a higher risk of psychological distress (women: OR = 1.6, P = 0.02; men: OR = 1.0, P = 0.92). After the GEJE, only in women the presence of partners under treatment for chronic diseases appears to be a risk factor for psychological distress.