著者
Shinichi Kuriyama Nobuo Yaegashi Fuji Nagami Tomohiko Arai Yoshio Kawaguchi Noriko Osumi Masaki Sakaida Yoichi Suzuki Keiko Nakayama Hiroaki Hashizume Gen Tamiya Hiroshi Kawame Kichiya Suzuki Atsushi Hozawa Naoki Nakaya Masahiro Kikuya Hirohito Metoki Ichiro Tsuji Nobuo Fuse Hideyasu Kiyomoto Junichi Sugawara Akito Tsuboi Shinichi Egawa Kiyoshi Ito Koichi Chida Tadashi Ishii Hiroaki Tomita Yasuyuki Taki Naoko Minegishi Naoto Ishii Jun Yasuda Kazuhiko Igarashi Ritsuko Shimizu Masao Nagasaki Seizo Koshiba Kengo Kinoshita Soichi Ogishima Takako Takai-Igarashi Teiji Tominaga Osamu Tanabe Noriaki Ohuchi Toru Shimosegawa Shigeo Kure Hiroshi Tanaka Sadayoshi Ito Jiro Hitomi Kozo Tanno Motoyuki Nakamura Kuniaki Ogasawara Seiichiro Kobayashi Kiyomi Sakata Mamoru Satoh Atsushi Shimizu Makoto Sasaki Ryujin Endo Kenji Sobue the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group Masayuki Yamamoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150268, (Released:2016-07-02)
参考文献数
64
被引用文献数
1 47

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members. The TMM CommCohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2016 and follow them for at least 5 years. The TMM BirThree Cohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2017 and follow them for at least 4 years. For children, the ToMMo Child Health Study, which adopted a cross-sectional design, was also started in November 2012 in Miyagi Prefecture. An integrated biobank will be constructed based on the two prospective cohort studies, and ToMMo and IMM will investigate the chronic medical impacts of the GEJE. The integrated biobank of TMM consists of health and clinical information, biospecimens, and genome and omics data. The biobank aims to establish a firm basis for personalized healthcare and medicine, mainly for diseases aggravated by the GEJE in the two prefectures. Biospecimens and related information in the biobank will be distributed to the research community. TMM itself will also undertake genomic and omics research. The aims of the genomic studies are: 1) to construct an integrated biobank; 2) to return genomic research results to the participants of the cohort studies, which will lead to the implementation of personalized healthcare and medicine in the affected areas in the near future; and 3) to contribute the development of personalized healthcare and medicine worldwide. Through the activities of TMM, we will clarify how to approach prolonged healthcare problems in areas damaged by large-scale disasters and how useful genomic information is for disease prevention.
著者
Hiroshi TANAKA Yoshikazu NISHIKAWA Kotaro KURE Kinsuke TSUDA Masaya HOSOKAWA
出版者
Center for Academic Publications Japan
雑誌
Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology (ISSN:03014800)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.64, no.4, pp.284-286, 2018 (Released:2018-08-31)
参考文献数
17

The semi-solidified nutrition supplemented with soluble dietary fiber, xanthan gum (XG), inhibited postprandial glycemia in rats. The purpose of the present study is to examine whether XG exerts the same effects in humans. Subjects fasted for 12 h and then ingested the enteral nutrient, Meibalance with or without XG at 9 AM. Blood glucose levels were measured 0, 20, 40, 60, and 120 min after its ingestion. Postprandial blood glucose levels were lower in the XG group than in the control group. At 20 min, postprandial blood glucose levels were significantly lower in the XG group (84±5.3 mg/dL) than in the control group (107±7.8 mg/dL) (p<0.05). A significant difference was also observed in ΔAUC between the two groups. These results demonstrate that XG exerts inhibitory effects on glucose excursion in humans.
著者
Hidetaka NISHIDA Hiroshi TANAKA Masahiko KITAMURA Shingo HATOYA2 Kikuya SUGIURA2 Toshio INABA2 Masanari NAKAYAMA
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.1203280802, (Released:2012-04-02)
被引用文献数
3 3

Progressive ataxia and paralysis in three Miniature Dachshunds were found to be caused by idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous inflammation of epidural fat between T5 and L4. All dogs were managed by hemilaminectomy and removal of epidural compressive material. Surgical findings and histopathological evaluation were necessary to diagnose epidural pyogranulomatous inflammation. A dog did not regain motor and sensor function after the surgery. Two dogs had exhibited improved neurological function after the surgery, but they recurred. Oral cyclosporine treatment was useful for their long remission. Idiopathic sterile pyogranulomatous inflammation of epidural fat can be considered to be a cause of thoracolumbar myelopathy in dogs.
著者
Naoki Tamada Kazuhiko Nakayama Kenichi Yanaka Hiroyuki Onishi Yuto Shinkura Yu Taniguchi Hiroto Kinutani Yasunori Tsuboi Kazuhiro P. Izawa Seimi Satomi-Kobayashi Hiromasa Otake Hiroshi Tanaka Toshiro Shinke Yutaka Okita Noriaki Emoto Ken-ichi Hirata
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.228-234, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:While hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) can be improved by invasive therapy such as pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) and balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA), there has been little data on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in such patients.Methods and Results:This single-center and observational study compared the impact of invasive therapy on HRQOL. We utilized the Medical Outcome Study 36-Item Short Health Survey (SF-36) to measure HRQOL and compared HRQOL changes after PEA and BPA. A total of 48 patients were diagnosed with CTEPH. Of these, 39 patients completed questionnaires before and after invasive therapy. The PEA group (n=15) and the BPA group (n=24) had similar improvements in clinical parameters. With regard to HRQOL score, both groups had fairly low scores in physical functioning (PF), role physical (RP), general health (GH), social functioning (SF), role emotional (RE), and physical component summary (PCS) at baseline. PF, GH, vitality (VT), mental health (MH), and PCS had significant improvements in the PEA group while PCS and all subscales except for bodily pain (BP) had significant improvements in the BPA group. Furthermore, changes between baseline and follow-up were not significantly different between the 2 groups.Conclusions:BPA for patients who are ineligible for PEA can recover HRQOL to a similar level to that achieved by PEA.
著者
Akiyoshi HAYASHI Hiroshi TANAKA Tomoko TAJIMA Masanari NAKAYAMA Fumihito OHASHI
出版者
公益社団法人 日本獣医学会
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.3, pp.391-393, 2013 (Released:2013-04-01)
参考文献数
13
被引用文献数
2

A 7-year-old spayed female domestic short-haired cat presented with dysuria and hematuria that had been unresponsive to medical therapy. Imaging tests such as ultrasonography, urethrocystography and computed tomography revealed a pelvic mass compressing the urethra. Based on histological examination of the mass following surgical resection, the cat was diagnosed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) derived from the uterine remnant. After surgery, dysuria was resolved, but on instead, urine and fecal incontinence were observed. Then, about four months after surgery, recurrence of the mass and the symptoms was observed. Consequently, the cat was ultimately euthanized. This is the first report of SCC arising from the uterine remnant in a spayed female cat.
著者
Akiyoshi HAYASHI Hiroshi TANAKA Tomoko TAJIMA Masanari NAKAYAMA Fumihito OHASHI
出版者
JAPANESE SOCIETY OF VETERINARY SCIENCE
雑誌
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science (ISSN:09167250)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.12-0375, (Released:2012-11-02)
被引用文献数
1 2

A seven-year-old spayed female domestic short-haired cat presented with dysuria and hematuria having been unresponsive to medical therapy. Some imaging tests such as ultrasonography, urethrocystography and computed tomography revealed the pelvic mass compressing urethra. Based on histological examination of the mass following surgical resection, the cat was diagnosed squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) derived from uterine remnant. After surgery, dysuria was resolved, but on instead, urine and fecal incontinence were observed. Then, about four months after surgery, recurrence of the mass and the symptoms was observed. Consequently, the cat was ultimately euthanized. This is the first report of SCC arising from the uterine remnant in a spayed female cat.