著者
Shinichi Kuriyama Nobuo Yaegashi Fuji Nagami Tomohiko Arai Yoshio Kawaguchi Noriko Osumi Masaki Sakaida Yoichi Suzuki Keiko Nakayama Hiroaki Hashizume Gen Tamiya Hiroshi Kawame Kichiya Suzuki Atsushi Hozawa Naoki Nakaya Masahiro Kikuya Hirohito Metoki Ichiro Tsuji Nobuo Fuse Hideyasu Kiyomoto Junichi Sugawara Akito Tsuboi Shinichi Egawa Kiyoshi Ito Koichi Chida Tadashi Ishii Hiroaki Tomita Yasuyuki Taki Naoko Minegishi Naoto Ishii Jun Yasuda Kazuhiko Igarashi Ritsuko Shimizu Masao Nagasaki Seizo Koshiba Kengo Kinoshita Soichi Ogishima Takako Takai-Igarashi Teiji Tominaga Osamu Tanabe Noriaki Ohuchi Toru Shimosegawa Shigeo Kure Hiroshi Tanaka Sadayoshi Ito Jiro Hitomi Kozo Tanno Motoyuki Nakamura Kuniaki Ogasawara Seiichiro Kobayashi Kiyomi Sakata Mamoru Satoh Atsushi Shimizu Makoto Sasaki Ryujin Endo Kenji Sobue the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Study Group Masayuki Yamamoto
出版者
日本疫学会
雑誌
Journal of Epidemiology (ISSN:09175040)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.JE20150268, (Released:2016-07-02)
参考文献数
64
被引用文献数
1 28

The Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE) and resulting tsunami of March 11, 2011 gave rise to devastating damage on the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region. The Tohoku Medical Megabank Project (TMM), which is being conducted by Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) and Iwate Medical University Iwate Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (IMM), has been launched to realize creative reconstruction and to solve medical problems in the aftermath of this disaster. We started two prospective cohort studies in Miyagi and Iwate Prefectures: a population-based adult cohort study, the TMM Community-Based Cohort Study (TMM CommCohort Study), which will recruit 80 000 participants, and a birth and three-generation cohort study, the TMM Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study (TMM BirThree Cohort Study), which will recruit 70 000 participants, including fetuses and their parents, siblings, grandparents, and extended family members. The TMM CommCohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2016 and follow them for at least 5 years. The TMM BirThree Cohort Study will recruit participants from 2013 to 2017 and follow them for at least 4 years. For children, the ToMMo Child Health Study, which adopted a cross-sectional design, was also started in November 2012 in Miyagi Prefecture. An integrated biobank will be constructed based on the two prospective cohort studies, and ToMMo and IMM will investigate the chronic medical impacts of the GEJE. The integrated biobank of TMM consists of health and clinical information, biospecimens, and genome and omics data. The biobank aims to establish a firm basis for personalized healthcare and medicine, mainly for diseases aggravated by the GEJE in the two prefectures. Biospecimens and related information in the biobank will be distributed to the research community. TMM itself will also undertake genomic and omics research. The aims of the genomic studies are: 1) to construct an integrated biobank; 2) to return genomic research results to the participants of the cohort studies, which will lead to the implementation of personalized healthcare and medicine in the affected areas in the near future; and 3) to contribute the development of personalized healthcare and medicine worldwide. Through the activities of TMM, we will clarify how to approach prolonged healthcare problems in areas damaged by large-scale disasters and how useful genomic information is for disease prevention.
著者
Masako Miyashita Masahiro Kikuya Chizuru Yamanaka Mami Ishikuro Taku Obara Yuki Sato Hirohito Metoki Naoki Nakaya Fuji Nagami Hiroaki Tomita Hideyasu Kiyomoto Junichi Sugawara Atsushi Hozawa Nobuo Fuse Yoichi Suzuki Ichiro Tsuji Shigeo Kure Nobuo Yaegashi Masayuki Yamamoto Shinichi Kuriyama
出版者
東北ジャーナル刊行会
雑誌
The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine (ISSN:00408727)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.237, no.4, pp.297-305, 2015 (Released:2015-12-02)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1 5

After the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, there has been a concern about health problems among children. Therefore, we investigated the prevalence of wheeze and eczema symptoms and associated factors among children in areas primarily affected by the disaster. From 2012 to 2014, we distributed the parent-administered questionnaire to 25,198 children in all 233 public schools in the 13 municipalities of Miyagi Prefecture in northeast Japan. A total of 7,155 responses (mean age 10.5 ± 2.2 years) were received (response rate: 28.4%). The prevalence of allergic symptoms according to the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire in 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th graders was 12.4%, 9.9%, 9.3%, and 5.6% for wheeze, and 20.1%, 18.0%, 14.0%, and 12.4% for eczema. In multivariate logistic analysis, younger age, history of hospitalization, and difficulties in children’s daily lives as assessed by the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), were significantly and consistently associated with both allergic symptoms (both P < 0.05). Living in a coastal municipality was also associated with eczema symptoms (P = 0.0278). The prevalence of eczema symptoms in the 2nd (20.1%) and 8th (12.4%) grades was significantly higher than previously reported in Japan. Living in a coastal municipality was independently associated with eczema symptoms, and psychometric properties were also closely linked to allergic symptoms. These findings are clinically important for understanding the risks of allergic disorders after natural disasters.
著者
Takatsugu ABE Kuniyasu NIIZUMA Atsushi KANOKE Daisuke SAIGUSA Ritsumi SAITO Akira URUNO Miki FUJIMURA Masayuki YAMAMOTO Teiji TOMINAGA
出版者
The Japan Neurosurgical Society
雑誌
Neurologia medico-chirurgica (ISSN:04708105)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.oa.2018-0054, (Released:2018-08-03)
参考文献数
32

We performed metabolomic analyses of mouse brain using a transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) model with Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization (MALDI)-mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) to reveal metabolite changes after cerebral ischemia. We selected and analyzed three metabolites, namely creatine (Cr), phosphocreatine (P-Cr), and ceramides (Cer), because these metabolites contribute to cell life and death. Eight-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were subjected to tMCAO via the intraluminal blockade of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) and reperfusion 60 min after the induction of ischemia. Each mouse was randomly assigned to one of the three groups; the groups were defined by the survival period after reperfusion: control, 1 h, and 24 h. Corrected samples were analyzed using MALDI-MSI. Results of MSI analysis showed the presence of several ionized substances and revealed spatial changes in some metabolites identified as precise substances, including Cr, P-Cr, Cer d18:1/18:0, phosphatidylcholine, L-glutamine, and L-histidine. Cr, P-Cr, and Cer d18:1/18:0 were changed after tMCAO, and P-Cr and Cer d18:1/18:0 accumulated over time in ischemic cores and surrounding areas following ischemia onset. The upregulation of P-Cr and Cer d18:1/18:0 was detected 1 h after tMCAO when no changes were evident on hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunofluorescence assay. P-Cr and Cer d18:1/18:0 can serve as neuroprotective therapies because they are biomarker candidates for cerebral ischemia.