- The Japanese Circulation Society
- Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
- pp.CJ-23-0264, (Released:2023-06-01)
Background: Recently, destination therapy (DT) was approved in Japan, and patients ineligible for heart transplantation may now receive durable left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). Several conventional risk scores are available, but a risk score that is best to select optimal candidates for DT in the Japanese population remains unestablished.Methods and Results: A total of 1,287 patients who underwent durable LVAD implantation and were listed for the Japanese registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (J-MACS) were eligible for inclusion. Finally, 494 patients were assigned to the derivation cohort and 487 patients were assigned to the validation cohort. According to the time-to-event analyses, J-MACS risk scores were newly constructed to predict 3-year mortality rate, consisting of age, history of cardiac surgery, serum creatinine level, and central venous pressure to pulmonary artery wedge pressure ratio >0.71. The J-MACS risk score had the highest predictability of 3-year death compared with other conventional scores in the validation cohort, including HeartMate II risk score and HeartMate 3 risk score.Conclusions: We constructed the J-MACS risk score to estimate 3-year mortality rate after durable LVAD implantation using large-scale multicenter Japanese data. The clinical utility of this scoring to guide the indication of DT should be validated in the next study.