著者
Daisuke Sueta Kenji Sakamoto Hiroki Usuku Koichiro Fujisue Kenshi Yamanaga Yuichiro Arima Seiji Takashio Satoru Suzuki Eiichiro Yamamoto Koichi Kaikita Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.11, pp.531-533, 2019-11-08 (Released:2019-11-08)
参考文献数
5
被引用文献数
6 9

Background:Although “disaster-related death” as a category awarded disaster-related compensation includes death not caused by the tragedy itself, the actual definition remains unclear.Methods and Results:In the Kumamoto earthquake 2016, compared with the Great East Japan Earthquake 2011, excessive mental and physical stress and suicide were observed significantly more as causes of disaster-related death.Conclusions:It is essential to give maximum consideration to refugees to support them while in shelters.
著者
Seiji Takashio Teiji Kato Hikaru Tashima Hiroki Irie Yoshihiro Komohara Tetsuya Oguni Kei Morikawa Naoto Kuyama Noriaki Tabata Shinsuke Hanatani Eiichiro Yamamoto Kenichi Matsushita Mitsuharu Ueda Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.87, no.8, pp.1047-1055, 2023-07-25 (Released:2023-07-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is considered an early sign of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) because amyloid deposition is often confirmed in the tenosynovium removed during carpal tunnel release (CTR); however, the prevalence of concomitant CA is unclear.Methods and Results: We prospectively examined 700 patients who underwent CTR and evaluated amyloid deposition after tenosynovium removal. Amyloid deposition was observed in 261 (37%) patients, who were significantly older and predominantly male (P<0.05). Of them, 120 agreed to cardiac screening. We performed 99 mTc-labeled pyrophosphate (99 mTc-PYP) scintigraphy in 12 patients who met either of the following criteria: (1) interventricular septal diameter (IVSd) ≥14 mm or (2) 12 mm ≤ IVSd < 14 mm with above-normal limits in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT). Six patients (50%) had positive findings on 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy and were diagnosed with wild-type transthyretin CA. Concomitant CA was observed in 6/120 (5%) CTR patients with amyloid deposition and 50% (6/12) in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (≥12 mm) with increased hs-cTnT levels.Conclusions: Amyloid deposition was frequently observed in the removed tenosynovium of elderly men with CTS. Cardiac screening may be useful for early diagnosis of CA in patients undergoing CTR with amyloid deposition.
著者
Seiji Takashio Teiji Kato Hikaru Tashima Hiroki Irie Yoshihiro Komohara Tetsuya Oguni Kei Morikawa Naoto Kuyama Noriaki Tabata Shinsuke Hanatani Eiichiro Yamamoto Kenichi Matsushita Mitsuharu Ueda Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0223, (Released:2023-06-13)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
1

Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is considered an early sign of cardiac amyloidosis (CA) because amyloid deposition is often confirmed in the tenosynovium removed during carpal tunnel release (CTR); however, the prevalence of concomitant CA is unclear.Methods and Results: We prospectively examined 700 patients who underwent CTR and evaluated amyloid deposition after tenosynovium removal. Amyloid deposition was observed in 261 (37%) patients, who were significantly older and predominantly male (P<0.05). Of them, 120 agreed to cardiac screening. We performed 99 mTc-labeled pyrophosphate (99 mTc-PYP) scintigraphy in 12 patients who met either of the following criteria: (1) interventricular septal diameter (IVSd) ≥14 mm or (2) 12 mm ≤ IVSd < 14 mm with above-normal limits in high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT). Six patients (50%) had positive findings on 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy and were diagnosed with wild-type transthyretin CA. Concomitant CA was observed in 6/120 (5%) CTR patients with amyloid deposition and 50% (6/12) in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (≥12 mm) with increased hs-cTnT levels.Conclusions: Amyloid deposition was frequently observed in the removed tenosynovium of elderly men with CTS. Cardiac screening may be useful for early diagnosis of CA in patients undergoing CTR with amyloid deposition.
著者
Kyohei Marume Seiji Takashio Masato Nishi Kyoko Hirakawa Masahiro Yamamoto Shinsuke Hanatani Seitaro Oda Daisuke Utsunomiya Shinya Shiraishi Mitsuharu Ueda Taro Yamashita Kenji Sakamoto Eiichiro Yamamoto Koichi Kaikita Yasuhiro Izumiya Yasuyuki Yamashita Yukio Ando Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.8, pp.1698-1708, 2019-07-25 (Released:2019-07-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
31

Background:A recent study revealed a high prevalence of transthyretin (TTR) cardiac amyloidosis (CA) in elderly patients. 99 mTc-labeled pyrophosphate (99 mTc-PYP) scintigraphy is a remarkably sensitive and specific modality for TTR-CA, but is only available in specialist centres; thus, it is important to raise the pretest probability. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of patients with 99 mTc-PYP positivity and make recommendations about patient selection for 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy.Methods and Results:We examined 181 consecutive patients aged ≥70 years who underwent 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy at Kumamoto University Hospital between January 2012 and December 2018. Logistic regression analyses showed that high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) ≥0.0308 ng/mL, left ventricular posterior wall thickness ≥13.6 mm, and wide QRS (QRS ≥120 ms) were strongly associated with 99 mTc-PYP positivity. We developed a new index for predicting 99 mTc-PYP positivity by adding 1 point for each of the 3 factors. The 99 mTc-PYP positive rate increased by a factor of 4.57 for each 1-point increase (P<0.001). Zero points corresponded to a negative predictive value of 87% and 3 points corresponded to a positive predictive value of 96% for 99 mTc-PYP positivity.Conclusions:The combination of biochemical (hs-cTnT), physiological (wide QRS), and structural (left ventricular posterior wall thickness) findings can raise the pretest probability for 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy. It can assist clinicians in determining management strategies for elderly patients with suspected CA.
著者
Masato Nishi Seiji Takashio Mami Morioka Akira Fujiyama Naoya Nakashima Kyoko Hirakawa Shinsuke Hanatani Hiroki Usuku Eiichiro Yamamoto Masafumi Kidoh Seitaro Oda Ryosuke Gushima Kenichi Matsushita Satoshi Fukushima Mitsuharu Ueda Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-22-0118, (Released:2022-05-21)
参考文献数
26
被引用文献数
4

Background: The accurate sensitivity of amyloid deposition in extracardiac tissue (subcutaneous tissue and gastrointestinal tract) has not been evaluated in transthyretin amyloidosis cardiomyopathy (ATTR-CM) patients. This study aimed to evaluate the sensitivity of amyloid deposition in obtained endomyocardial and extracardiac biopsies.Methods and Results: This study retrospectively evaluated 175 consecutive ATTR-CM patients (wild-type [ATTRwt]: 134, hereditary [ATTRv]: 41) who had positive findings on 99 mTc-labeled pyrophosphate (99 mTc-PYP) scintigraphy and underwent tissue biopsy of at least one organ (subcutaneous tissue, gastrointestinal tract, and endomyocardium). Amyloid deposition was observed in the subcutaneous tissue of 57/150 patients (38%), gastrointestinal tract of 80/131 patients (61%), and endomyocardium of 108/109 patients (99%). Compared to patients with ATTRv, ATTRwt had significantly lower sensitivity in subcutaneous tissue (73% vs. 25%, P<0.01) and tended to be lower in the gastrointestinal tract (74% vs. 57%, P=0.08) biopsies. Among 124 patients who underwent both subcutaneous tissue and gastrointestinal tract biopsies, amyloid was detected in at least 1 specimen in 91 (73%) patients. The sensitivity of the combination of extracardiac biopsies was 66% and 94% in ATTRwt-CM and ATTRv-CM, respectively. Multivariate analysis reveals that ATTRv was the only significant predictor of amyloid deposition in the subcutaneous tissue.Conclusions: Subcutaneous tissue and gastrointestinal tract biopsy sensitivity are inadequate, especially in patients with ATTRwt; however, the combination of these extracardiac biopsies contributes to increased sensitivity in patients with positive 99 mTc-PYP scintigraphy findings.
著者
Nobuhiro Nakanishi Koichi Kaikita Masanobu Ishii Yu Oimatsu Tatsuro Mitsuse Miwa Ito Kenshi Yamanaga Koichiro Fujisue Hisanori Kanazawa Daisuke Sueta Seiji Takashio Yuichiro Arima Satoshi Araki Taishi Nakamura Kenji Sakamoto Satoru Suzuki Eiichiro Yamamoto Hirofumi Soejima Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.3, pp.158-166, 2020-03-10 (Released:2020-03-10)
参考文献数
51
被引用文献数
10

Background:Direct-activated factor X (FXa) plays an important role in thrombosis and is also involved in inflammation via the protease-activated receptor (PAR)-1 and PAR-2 pathway. We hypothesized that rivaroxaban protects against cardiac remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI).Methods and Results:MI was induced in wild-type mice by permanent ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery. At day 1 after MI, mice were randomly assigned to the rivaroxaban and vehicle groups. Mice in the rivaroxaban group were provided with a regular chow diet plus rivaroxaban. We evaluated cardiac function by echocardiography, pathology, expression of mRNA and protein at day 7 after MI. Rivaroxaban significantly improved cardiac systolic function, decreased infarct size and cardiac mass compared with the vehicle. Rivaroxaban also downregulated the mRNA expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, transforming growth factor-β, PAR-1 and PAR-2 in the infarcted area, and both A-type and B-type natriuretic peptides in the non-infarcted area compared with the vehicle. Furthermore, rivaroxaban attenuated cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in the non-infarcted area compared with the vehicle.Conclusions:Rivaroxaban protected against cardiac dysfunction in MI model mice. Reduction of PAR-1, PAR-2 and proinflammatory cytokines in the infarcted area may be involved in its cardioprotective effects.
著者
Naoto Kuyama Koichi Kaikita Masanobu Ishii Noriaki Tabata Seitaro Oda Yasuhiro Otsuka Koichi Egashira Yuichiro Shirahama Shinsuke Hanatani Seiji Takashio Yasushi Matsuzawa Eiichiro Yamamoto Toshinori Hirai Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-23-0092, (Released:2023-11-30)
参考文献数
21

Background: Subclinical leaflet thrombosis occasionally occurs after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), but its exact etiology and relationship with thrombogenicity remain unknown.Methods and Results: This study enrolled 35 patients who underwent TAVI. Thrombogenicity was evaluated using a total thrombus-formation analysis system (T-TAS) to compute the thrombus-formation area under the curve (PL18-AUC10and AR10-AUC30). Periprocedural thrombogenic parameters including T-TAS were investigated at pre-TAVI, 2 days, 7 days, and 3 months post-TAVI. Hypoattenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) and maximum leaflet thickness (MLT) were evaluated using contrast-enhanced computed tomography 7 days and 3 months post-TAVI. The associations between thrombogenicity and HALT or MLT were assessed. T-TAS parameters consistently decreased at 2 and 7 days post-TAVI, followed by improvement at 3 months. HALT was detected in 20% and 17% of patients at 7 days and 3 months, respectively, post-TAVI. The median MLT value was 1.60 mm at 7 days and 3 months post-TAVI. A significant positive correlation was observed between the decrease in the AR10-AUC30and MLT at 7 days post-TAVI. Univariate linear regression analysis revealed a decrease in the AR10-AUC30and an increase in the D-dimer level as a significant predictor of MLT deterioration.Conclusions: The findings suggested that a transient decrease in thrombogenicity following TAVI predicts leaflet thrombosis, implying that monitoring thrombogenicity may be useful for predicting progression of leaflet thrombosis.
著者
Daisuke Sueta Eiichiro Yamamoto Hiroki Usuku Satoru Suzuki Taishi Nakamura Kunihiko Matsui Takaaki Akasaka Kazuhito Shiosakai Kotaro Sugimoto Kenichi Tsujita on behalf of the ESES-LVH Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.2, pp.99-104, 2022-02-10 (Released:2022-02-10)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
2

Background:The complication of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with increased incidence of major cardiovascular events. Hypertension is an independent risk factor among several factors contributing to the development of LVH, and thus appropriate treatment of both hypertension and LVH reduces the risk of developing heart failure. Mineralocorticoid-receptor blockers (MRBs) have been reported to improve the prognosis of LVH, but use of currently available MRBs is limited by adverse events. Esaxerenone is a novel selective nonsteroidal MRB recently approved for treatment of hypertension. Although the renoprotective effect of esaxerenone has been demonstrated in both preclinical and clinical studies, little data is available in terms of its cardioprotective effects.Methods and Results:This multicenter, open-label, exploratory interventional study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of esaxerenone in combination with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors or calcium-channel blockers (CCBs). Eligible criteria are hypertensive patients with LVH, and target blood pressure (BP) not reached with an RAS inhibitor or a CCB. The primary endpoints are change from baseline in seated home BP (early morning systolic/diastolic BPs), and change and %change from baseline in the LV mass index at the end of treatment.Conclusions:This study will provide the first clinical evidence of the antihypertensive effect and safety of esaxerenone in hypertensive patients with LVH.
著者
Kazumasa Kurogi Masanobu Ishii Kenji Sakamoto Soichi Komaki Hiroaki Kusaka Nobuyasu Yamamoto Seiji Takashio Yuichiro Arima Eiichiro Yamamoto Koichi Kaikita Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.6, pp.917-925, 2020-05-25 (Released:2020-05-25)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
11 13

Background:The excessive volume of contrast needed is a significant limitation of optical coherence tomography (OCT)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Low-molecular-weight dextran (LMWD) has been used for OCT image acquisition instead of contrast media. This study compared the effects of OCT-guided PCI using LMWD on renal function and clinical outcomes to those of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided PCI.Methods and Results:In all, 1,183 consecutive patients who underwent intracoronary imaging-guided PCI were enrolled in this single-center, retrospective, observational study. After propensity score matching, 133 pairs of patients were assigned to undergo either OCT-guided PCI using LMWD or IVUS-guided PCI. There was no significant change from baseline in the primary endpoint, serum creatinine concentrations, after the procedure in either group. There were no significant differences between the OCT and IVUS groups in the volume of contrast medium, the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy (1.5% vs. 2.3%; P=0.65), and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 30 days (2.3% vs. 6.0%; P=0.12) and 12 months (2.3% vs. 3.0%; P=0.70) after the procedure. Kaplan-Meier analysis at the 12-month follow-up revealed no significant difference in the incidence of MACE between the 2 groups (P=0.75).Conclusions:OCT-guided PCI using LMWD did not negatively affect renal function and achieved similar short- and long-term clinical outcomes to IVUS-guided PCI.
著者
Koichiro Fujisue Eiichiro Yamamoto Daisuke Sueta Yuichiro Arima Kyoko Hirakawa Noriaki Tabata Masanobu Ishii Miwa Ito Kenshi Yamanaga Shinsuke Hanatani Tadashi Hoshiyama Hisanori Kanazawa Seiji Takashio Satoshi Araki Hiroki Usuku Taishi Nakamura Hirofumi Soejima Koichi Kaikita Hiroaki Kawano Kenichi Matsushita Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.63044, (Released:2021-09-28)
参考文献数
37
被引用文献数
6

Aims: Royal jelly, a creamy substance secreted by honeybees, has been reported to have beneficial effects against dyslipidemia and metabolic syndrome. However, the effects of royal jelly on atherogenesis remain unknown. Hence, we prospectively evaluated whether royal jelly augments vascular endothelial function, which can reflect early atherogenesis, in healthy volunteers. Methods: This was a single-center, double-blind, 1:1 randomized placebo-controlled study conducted from October 2018 to December 2019. A total of 100 healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to receive either royal jelly 690 mg or placebo daily for 4 weeks. The primary endpoint was augmentation in vascular endothelial function as assessed using the change in the reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry index (RH-PAT) index, and the secondary endpoints were the changes in liver function and lipid profiles between baseline and 4 weeks after enrollment. Results: The mean age of the participants was 35.0±9.3 years in the placebo group and 36.1±9.1 years in the royal jelly groups; 45% and 50% of the placebo and the royal jelly groups, respectively, were male. The percentage relative change in the RH-PAT index was significantly higher in the royal jelly group than in the placebo group (21.4%±53.1% vs. 0.05%±40.9%, P=0.037). The percentage relative changes in alanine aminotransferase and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase were significantly lower in the royal jelly group than in the placebo group (alanine aminotransferase: −6.06%±22.2% vs. 11.6%±46.5%, P=0.02; γ-glutamyl transpeptidase: −3.45%±17.8% vs. 4.62%±19.4%, P=0.045). Lipid profiles were not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: Royal jelly might have antiatherogenic property by improving vascular endothelial function. It also augmented liver functions in healthy volunteers.
著者
Hiroki Usuku Eiichiro Yamamoto Masato Nishi Takashi Komorita Masafumi Takae Taiki Nishihara Fumi Oike Masanobu Ishii Koichiro Fujisue Daisuke Sueta Satoshi Araki Seiji Takashio Seitaro Oda Yohei Misumi Mitsuharu Ueda Taishi Nakamura Hiroaki Kawano Hirofumi Soejima Kenji Sakamoto Koichi Kaikita Yukio Ando Hirotaka Matsui Kenichi Tsujita
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.12, pp.730-738, 2020-12-10 (Released:2020-12-10)
参考文献数
27

Background:Using transthoracic echocardiography, including 2D speckle tracking imaging (STI), this study examined cardiac function after domino liver transplantation (DLT) with liver grafts explanted from patients with hereditary amyloidogenic transthyretin amyloidosis.Methods and Results:In all, 14 patients who underwent DLT at Kumamoto University Hospital and for whom 2D STI information was available were enrolled in the study; time-dependent echocardiographic changes were evaluated in 7. Although left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic function did not differ between the pre- and post-DLT periods (mean [±SD] 5.4±1.0 years after DLT), there were significant (P<0.05 for all) increases in the post- vs. pre-DLT period in basal longitudinal strain (LS; −13.4±2.3 vs. −19.3±4.4), relative apical LS index (=apical LS/[basal LS+mid LS]; 0.75±0.20 vs. 0.58±0.08), and LV ejection fraction/global LS (3.91±0.58 vs. 3.06±0.44). Age at the time of DLT was significantly higher in the group with impaired (>−14%) than preserved basal LS (57.2±3.5 vs. 39.6±16.0 years; P<0.05). When control subjects (n=14) were added to the enrolled DLT recipients, multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that a history of DLT was significantly associated with impaired basal LS (>−14%; odds ratio 28.39, 95% confidence interval 1.89–427.45, P<0.05).Conclusions:LV systolic and diastolic function was preserved in the long term after DLT. However, 2D STI revealed subtle cardiac dysfunction in DLT recipients, which may be an early manifestation of cardiac amyloidosis.
著者
Hiroki Usuku Eiichiro Yamamoto Fumi Oike Tatsuya Yoshinouchi Kanako Imamura Kenichi Yoshida Daisuke Kanesaki Yasuhiro Toma Ayako Tomita Yuji Ogata Seiki Matsumoto Yoshio Iwayama Tomoko Sassa Shinji Tanaka Yoko Fukuyoshi Tamami Matsumoto Eiichiro Tanaka Hiroyuki Shono Kazuhiro Nishigami Kenichi Tsujita Hirotaka Matsui
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.6, pp.297-305, 2020-06-10 (Released:2020-06-10)
参考文献数
17
被引用文献数
1

Background:There are few reports on current awareness and status of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), including the actual performance rate according to echocardiographic guidelines, in a specific area or region.Methods and Results:This cross-sectional survey study was conducted in Kumamoto Prefecture from October 2018 to March 2019. There are 366 medical institutions advocating cardiology in Kumamoto Prefecture. Of these, 259 (101 hospitals and 158 clinics) returned questionnaires regarding TTE. In all, 150,570 TTEs were performed in 2017. Of these, 132,771 (88%) were performed in hospitals and 17,799 (12%) were performed in clinics. Physicians performed only 5% of TTEs, whereas sonographers performed 86%. Although the modified Simpson method was performed in 90% of hospitals, 3-dimensional echocardiography was performed in only 2% of hospitals. In addition, the left atrial volume index was not examined in approximately 60% of hospitals, and the mean E/E′ ratio was not examined in 80% of hospitals. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed that having a Fellow of the Japan Society of Ultrasonic in Medicine was significantly and independently associated with guideline-oriented TTE (odds ratio 9.43; 95% confidence interval 1.22–72.71, P<0.05).Conclusions:The rate of echocardiographic measurements performed according to echocardiographic guidelines is exceptionally low in Kumamoto Prefecture. Sufficient dissemination of echocardiographic guidelines may be important in improving this rate.
著者
Kazuomi Kario Eiichiro Yamamoto Hirofumi Tomita Takafumi Okura Shigeru Saito Takafumi Ueno Daiki Yasuhara Kazuyuki Shimada on behalf of the SYMPLICITY HTN-Japan Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-1018, (Released:2019-02-13)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
27

Background: SYMPLICITY HTN-Japan is a prospective, randomized, controlled trial comparing renal denervation (RDN) with standard pharmacologic therapy for treatment of uncontrolled hypertension (HTN). Methods and Results: Patients enrolled had uncontrolled HTN, defined as office systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥160 mmHg and 24-h ambulatory SBP ≥135 mmHg, on ≥3 antihypertensive drugs of maximally tolerated dose for at least 6 weeks prior to enrollment. Randomization was 1:1 to RDN or maintenance of current medical therapy (control). Patients were followed every 6 months post-randomization for up to 36 months. There were 22 patients randomized to RDN and 19 to control, and 11 patients were crossed over and received RDN at 6 months post-randomization. For the RDN group (n=22), office SBP reduction was −32.8±20.1 mmHg and office DBP reduction was −15.8±12.6 mmHg at 36 months post-procedure, both P<0.001. For the combined RDN and crossover group (n=33), office SBP reduction was −26.7±18.9 mmHg and office DBP reduction was −12.7±11.8 mmHg at 30 months post-procedure, both P<0.001. There were no procedural-, device- or treatment-related safety events through 36 months. Conclusions: SYMPLICTY HTN-Japan is the first randomized controlled trial to evaluate RDN in an Asian population. Despite the small number of enrollments, results show patients who received RDN therapy maintained SBP reduction out to 36 months.