著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Katsumi Miyauchi Kazunori Shimada Takayuki Yokoyama Shohei Ouchi Tatsuro Aikawa Mitsuhiro Kunimoto Miki Yamada Akio Honzawa Shinya Okazaki Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.101-109, 2018-12-25 (Released:2018-12-25)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 1

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an established multidisciplinary secondary preventive program. We investigated the effects of CR involving intensive physical activity (PA) on coronary plaque volume and components in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).Methods and Results:We enrolled 32 consecutive patients with ACS in early phase II CR and randomly assigned them to an intensive CR group (n=18; CR participation ≥twice/week, daily PA ≥9,000 steps) or a standard CR group (n=14; CR participation ≥once/2weeks, daily PA ≥6,000 steps). Serial integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound was performed for non-culprit lesions at baseline and after 8 months. Baseline clinical data were identical between the 2 groups. Unexpectedly, CR participation and PA did not differ significantly between the 2 groups, and there was no significant difference in plaque volume (PV) or components between the 2 groups. Subsequently, we classified the patients into 2 groups according to median PA (7,000 steps). There were significant differences in percent change of PV and of lipid volume between these 2 groups. In addition, these changes were negatively and independently correlated with PA.Conclusions:No significant difference was observed in PV or components between the intensive CR and the standard CR groups. Intensive PA, however, may retard coronary PV and ameliorate lipid component in patients with ACS participating in late phase II CR.
著者
Ryo Naito Katsumi Miyauchi Hirokazu Konishi Shuta Tsuboi Manabu Ogita Tomotaka Dohi Takatoshi Kasai Hiroshi Tamura Shinya Okazaki Kikuo Isoda Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.32284, (Released:2015-11-11)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1 3

Aim: Current Japanese guidelines state the target level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of <100mg/dL for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, this level was set considering the results of trials mainly conducted in Western countries. In addition, the effect of achieving target LDL-C on secondary prevention is unknown. Methods: We examined the effects of achieving target LDL-C on clinical outcomes. Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention at Juntendo University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) from 2004 to 2010 and received follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) were analyzed. The study population was divided into two groups based on the follow-up LDL-C. The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events within 3 years after the follow-up CAG was examined. Results: A total of 1321 consecutive patients were enrolled. Sixty-three percent of the patients achieved the target LDL-C. The rate of 3-year events was lower in the group that achieved the target LDL-C (achieved group). The adjusted relative risk reduction in the achieved group was 26% (p=0.02). In the sub-analysis among the four groups stratified by baseline LDL-C of 140 and follow-up LDL-C of 100, the adjusted hazard ratio for 3-year events was 1.84 (95% confidence interval; 1.10-3.24)in Group 3 (baseline <140, follow-up ≥100) and 2.05 (1.18-3.74) Group 4 (baseline ≥140, follow-up ≥100) [Group 2 (baseline ≥140, follow-up <100) as reference]. Conclusions: Our data suggested that follow-up LDL-C <100mg/dL was appropriate for secondary prevention of CAD in Japanese population.