著者
Tetsuro Miyazaki Kazunori Shimada Yoshitaka Iwama Atsumi Kume Katsuhiko Sumiyoshi Yayoi Sato Hirotoshi Ohmura Yoshiro Watanabe Hiroshi Mokuno Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.15, no.1, pp.6-12, 2008 (Released:2008-03-04)
参考文献数
36
被引用文献数
9 10

Aim: The critical role of hyperinsulinemia, independent of hyperglycemia, in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has not been fully determined. We investigated the association between secretion patterns of insulin after oral glucose load and the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with normal glucose tolerance (NGT).Methods: We enrolled 116 subjects with NGT from 243 patients who had undergone coronary angiography and a standard 75-g oral glucose tolerance test. The patients were divided into 0-vessel, single-vessel and multi-vessel disease groups on the basis of the severity of CAD.Results: The 2-h insulin levels in the multi-vessel disease group (p=0.005) and the single-vessel disease group (p<0.05) were significantly higher than those in the 0-vessel disease group. Multivariate analysis revealed that the levels of 2-h insulin were an independent variable for the presence of CAD (p=0.02) after adjustment for gender and the presence of each criterion of metabolic syndrome using the definition of the International Diabetes Federation.Conclusion: A slight but significant increase in prolonged insulin secretion, which is associated with the early stage of insulin resistance, in subjects with NGT, may play an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis.
著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Hiroyuki Daida Kazunori Shimada Akiko Ushijima Keisuke Kida Yuji Kono Yasuhiko Sakata Masatoshi Nagayama Yutaka Furukawa Nagaharu Fukuma Keijiro Saku Shin-ichiro Miura Yusuke Ohya Youichi Goto Shigeru Makita for the Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registration Committee
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-20-0087, (Released:2020-11-27)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is categorized as a Class I recommendation in guidelines for the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, nationwide studies on CR in patients with ACS remain limited in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registry is a nationwide, real-world database for patients participating in CR. From the JACR Registry database, we analyzed 924 patients participating in Phase II CR in 7 hospitals between September 2014 and December 2016. The mean age of patients was 65.9±12.0 years, and 80% were male. The prevalence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was 58%, 9%, and 33%, respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, current smoking, and a family history was 55%, 27%, 67%, 21%, and 10%, respectively. Among the entire CR cohort at baseline, 96%, 78%, and 92% were treated with aspirin, β-blockers, and statins, respectively. After CR, the values of body mass index, the lipid profile, and exercise capacity significantly improved in the STEMI, NSTEMI and UAP groups.Conclusions:In the JACR Registry, a high rate of guideline-recommended medications at baseline and improvements in both coronary risk factors and exercise capacity after CR were observed in patients with ACS.
著者
Akio Honzawa Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Kazunori Shimada Mitsuhiro Kunimoto Tomomi Matsubara Rie Matsumori Hiroki Kasuya Kei Fujiwara Mayumi Doi Kana Takagi-Kawahara Abidan Abulimiti Jianying Xu Akie Shimada Taira Yamamoto Atsushi Amano Tohru Asai Hiroyuki Daida Tohru Minamino
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-22-0008, (Released:2022-06-08)
参考文献数
32

Background: Frailty is an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and patients with CVD have a high rate of concurrent psycho-emotional stress, as well as depressive mood and anxiety symptoms. Despite this, few reports have examined the effects of the efficacy of Phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in frail patients, including improvements in anxiety levels.Methods and Results: In all, 137 patients (mean [±SD] age 65.8±13.0 years; 71% male) who participated in Phase II CR and were assessed after CR completion were included in this study. Patients were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist (KCL) form at the beginning of CR and were divided into the 3 groups according to KCL scores: frail (n=34, 25%), pre-frail (n=40, 29%), and non-frail (n=63, 46%). Physical function and anxiety levels were compared among the 3 groups. The pre-frail and frail groups had significantly higher state anxiety and trait anxiety than the non-frail group (P<0.01). At the end of Phase II CR, all 3 groups showed significant improvements in the 6-min walking distance (P<0.05). State anxiety improved significantly in the non-frail and pre-frail groups, whereas trait anxiety only improved in the non-frail group.Conclusions: Physical function was improved in frail patients who participated in Phase II CR. However, there was no significant improvement in their level of anxiety.
著者
Takuma Yoshihara Kazunori Shimada Kosuke Fukao Eiryu Sai Yayoi Sato-Okabayashi Rie Matsumori Tomoyuki Shiozawa Hamad Alshahi Tetsuro Miyazaki Norihiro Tada Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.7, pp.1470-1478, 2015-06-25 (Released:2015-06-25)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
37 54

Background:Dietary intake of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs) reduces progression of atherosclerosis and prevents future cardiovascular events. Macrophages are key players in the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm. The effects of ω3-PUFAs on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation and macrophage-mediated inflammation remain unclear.Methods and Results:The AAA model was developed by angiotensin II infusion in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Mice were supplemented with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The development of AAA lesions and macrophage infiltration in the aorta were analyzed. Gene expression of inflammatory markers in aortic tissues and peritoneal macrophages were measured by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. AAA formation and macrophage infiltration were significantly suppressed after EPA and DHA administration. EPA administration and DHA administration significantly decreased the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, transforming growth factor-β, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in the aortas. The expression of arginase 2, which is a marker of pro-inflammatory macrophages, was significantly lower and that of Ym1, which is a marker of anti-inflammatory macrophages, and was significantly higher after EPA and DHA administration. The same trends were observed in peritoneal macrophages after EPA and DHA administration.Conclusions:Dietary intake of EPA and DHA prevented AAA development through the inhibition of aortic and macrophage-mediated inflammation. (Circ J 2015; 79: 1470–1478)
著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Katsumi Miyauchi Kazunori Shimada Takayuki Yokoyama Shohei Ouchi Tatsuro Aikawa Mitsuhiro Kunimoto Miki Yamada Akio Honzawa Shinya Okazaki Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.83, no.1, pp.101-109, 2018-12-25 (Released:2018-12-25)
参考文献数
23
被引用文献数
1 12

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an established multidisciplinary secondary preventive program. We investigated the effects of CR involving intensive physical activity (PA) on coronary plaque volume and components in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).Methods and Results:We enrolled 32 consecutive patients with ACS in early phase II CR and randomly assigned them to an intensive CR group (n=18; CR participation ≥twice/week, daily PA ≥9,000 steps) or a standard CR group (n=14; CR participation ≥once/2weeks, daily PA ≥6,000 steps). Serial integrated backscatter intravascular ultrasound was performed for non-culprit lesions at baseline and after 8 months. Baseline clinical data were identical between the 2 groups. Unexpectedly, CR participation and PA did not differ significantly between the 2 groups, and there was no significant difference in plaque volume (PV) or components between the 2 groups. Subsequently, we classified the patients into 2 groups according to median PA (7,000 steps). There were significant differences in percent change of PV and of lipid volume between these 2 groups. In addition, these changes were negatively and independently correlated with PA.Conclusions:No significant difference was observed in PV or components between the intensive CR and the standard CR groups. Intensive PA, however, may retard coronary PV and ameliorate lipid component in patients with ACS participating in late phase II CR.
著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Hiroyuki Daida Kazunori Shimada Akiko Ushijima Keisuke Kida Yuji Kono Yasuhiko Sakata Masatoshi Nagayama Yutaka Furukawa Nagaharu Fukuma Keijiro Saku Shin-ichiro Miura Yusuke Ohya Youichi Goto Shigeru Makita for the Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registration Committee
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.12, pp.715-721, 2020-12-10 (Released:2020-12-10)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is categorized as a Class I recommendation in guidelines for the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, nationwide studies on CR in patients with ACS remain limited in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registry is a nationwide, real-world database for patients participating in CR. From the JACR Registry database, we analyzed 924 patients participating in Phase II CR in 7 hospitals between September 2014 and December 2016. The mean age of patients was 65.9±12.0 years, and 80% were male. The prevalence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was 58%, 9%, and 33%, respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, current smoking, and a family history was 55%, 27%, 67%, 21%, and 10%, respectively. Among the entire CR cohort at baseline, 96%, 78%, and 92% were treated with aspirin, β-blockers, and statins, respectively. After CR, the values of body mass index, the lipid profile, and exercise capacity significantly improved in the STEMI, NSTEMI and UAP groups.Conclusions:In the JACR Registry, a high rate of guideline-recommended medications at baseline and improvements in both coronary risk factors and exercise capacity after CR were observed in patients with ACS.
著者
Tatsuro Aikawa Tetsuro Miyazaki Kazunori Shimada Yurina Sugita Megumi Shimizu Shohei Ouchi Tomoyasu Kadoguchi Yasutaka Yokoyama Tomoyuki Shiozawa Masaru Hiki Shuhei Takahashi Hamad Al Shahi Shizuyuki Dohi Atsushi Amano Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.38315, (Released:2017-03-22)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
16

Aim: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, whether omega-3 PUFAs are involved in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) remains unclear.Methods: We analyzed 67 consecutive patients admitted for the elective surgical repair of AAA. We investigated the association of serum EPA and DHA levels as well as the EPA/AA ratio with the size of AAA assessed using three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography images.Results: Mean patient age was 70±9 years and 60 patients were male. Serum EPA and DHA levels were 75.2±35.7 μg/mL and 146.1±48.5 μg/mL, respectively. EPA/AA ratio was 0.44±0.22, which was lower than those in healthy Japanese subject and equivalent to those in Japanese patients with coronary artery disease as previously reported. Mean of the maximum AAA diameter was 56.4±8.9 mm, and serum EPA levels and EPA/AA ratio negatively correlated with it (r=−0.32 and r=−0.32, respectively). Multiple liner regression analysis showed that EPA levels were significant independent factor contributing to the maximum AAA diameter. Furthermore, low serum EPA levels and low EPA/AA ratio were significantly associated with the growth rate of AAA diameter (r=−0.43 and r=−0.33, respectively).Conclusion: EPA levels in patients with AAA were relatively low. Low serum EPA levels and EPA/AA ratio were associated with the size and growth rate of AAA.
著者
Yasunori Suematsu Shin-ichiro Miura Akira Minei Yoko Sumita Koshiro Kanaoka Michikazu Nakai Hisatomi Arima Koshi Nakamura Tomoyuki Takura Kazunori Shimada Hirokazu Shiraishi Nagaharu Fukuma Yusuke Ohya Shigeru Makita The JROAD-CR Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-22-0121, (Released:2023-01-25)
参考文献数
15

Background: Although cardiac rehabilitation (CR) has been reported to be effective for improving the prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), more patients must participate in CR during admission and as outpatients. Factors contributing to, and countermeasures against, the low CR participation rate need to be identified. Here we describe the protocol for a study designed to evaluate the effectiveness and problems of CR for AMI from the Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Diseases (JROAD) and the JROAD–Japanese Diagnosis Procedure Combination system (JROAD-DPC) database.Methods and Results: This is a multicenter retrospective cohort study that will use the JROAD/JROAD-DPC database to evaluate the effectiveness of CR for AMI (JROAD-CR). Five thousand patients with AMI who were admitted to hospitals registered in the JROAD database in 2014 will be investigated with regard to their baseline characteristics, AMI severity and treatment, examination results, history of CR, and prognosis up to 5 years. We will also investigate the presence, quantity, and quality of CR, and evaluate the effectiveness of CR with respect to cost, exercise tolerance, and prognosis during admission and follow-up.Conclusions: The JROAD-CR study will seek to reveal the effectiveness of CR for AMI in the era of early reperfusion therapy and shortened hospitalization.
著者
Akio Honzawa Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Kazunori Shimada Mitsuhiro Kunimoto Tomomi Matsubara Rie Matsumori Hiroki Kasuya Kei Fujiwara Mayumi Doi Kana Takagi-Kawahara Abidan Abulimiti Jianying Xu Akie Shimada Taira Yamamoto Atsushi Amano Tohru Asai Hiroyuki Daida Tohru Minamino
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.4, no.7, pp.308-314, 2022-07-08 (Released:2022-07-08)
参考文献数
32

Background: Frailty is an important prognostic factor in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and patients with CVD have a high rate of concurrent psycho-emotional stress, as well as depressive mood and anxiety symptoms. Despite this, few reports have examined the effects of the efficacy of Phase II cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in frail patients, including improvements in anxiety levels.Methods and Results: In all, 137 patients (mean [±SD] age 65.8±13.0 years; 71% male) who participated in Phase II CR and were assessed after CR completion were included in this study. Patients were evaluated using the Kihon Checklist (KCL) form at the beginning of CR and were divided into the 3 groups according to KCL scores: frail (n=34, 25%), pre-frail (n=40, 29%), and non-frail (n=63, 46%). Physical function and anxiety levels were compared among the 3 groups. The pre-frail and frail groups had significantly higher state anxiety and trait anxiety than the non-frail group (P<0.01). At the end of Phase II CR, all 3 groups showed significant improvements in the 6-min walking distance (P<0.05). State anxiety improved significantly in the non-frail and pre-frail groups, whereas trait anxiety only improved in the non-frail group.Conclusions: Physical function was improved in frail patients who participated in Phase II CR. However, there was no significant improvement in their level of anxiety.
著者
Masaru Hiki Tetsuro Miyazaki Kazunori Shimada Yurina Sugita Megumi Shimizu Tatsuro Aikawa Shohei Ouchi Tomoyuki Shiozawa Kiyoshi Takasu Shuhei Takahashi Atsutoshi Takagi Katsumi Miyauchi Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.37424, (Released:2017-03-24)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
9

Aim: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) take part in various biological events linked to the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and hypercoagulability. Several studies have demonstrated the association between PUFAs and the occurrence of VTE. However, the role of PUFAs in the pathogenesis of VTE remains unclear.Methods: We enrolled 45 patients with acute VTE and 37 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched healthy volunteers to examine their PUFA levels. Serum omega 3 (eicosapentaenoic acid: EPA and docosahexaenoic acid: DHA) and omega 6 (dihomogammalinolenic acid: DGLA and arachidonic acid: AA) fatty acids levels were measured within 24 h of admission.Results: Patients with VTE showed significantly higher AA and lower EPA levels, and lower EPA/AA ratios than the controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that AA was an independent marker for VTE. In addition, we divided the patients based on their median age (58 years old). The younger patients with VTE showed significantly lower EPA/AA levels than their age-matched controls, whereas older patients with VTE showed a significantly higher AA/DGLA levels than the older controls.Conclusions: High serum AA levels and low EPA levels are associated with the development of acute VTE, suggesting that the imbalance of PUFAs may be a potential therapeutic target for preventing acute VTE.