著者
Atsushi Hirayama Norio Tanahashi Hiroyuki Daida Naoki Ishiguro Motohiko Chachin Toshihiko Sugioka Shinichi Kawai on behalf of all ACCEPT study investigators in Japan
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-12-1573, (Released:2013-10-22)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
4 9

Background: A prospective, 3-year comparative observational study compared the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis prescribed celecoxib or a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID). Methods and Results: Patients prescribed celecoxib (n=5,470) or NSAIDs (n=5,059) between November 1, 2007, and July 31, 2008 in 1,084 hospitals and clinics in Japan were eligible for safety analysis. Mean (standard deviation) observation for the celecoxib group was 716 (420) days and 692 (426) days for the NSAID group (P=0.004). Composite I (adjudicated cardiovascular adverse events of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage) number of events (percentage) and rate/1,000 person years was 66 (1.2%) and 6.2 (10,745 person years), respectively, for the celecoxib and 65 (1.3%) and 6.8 (9,601 person years) for the NSAID (P=0.58) groups. Composite II (all cardiovascular events) number of events (percentage) and rate/1,000 person years was 79 (1.4%) and 7.4, respectively, for the celecoxib and 84 (1.7%) and 8.8 for the NSAID (P=0.26) group. Adjusted Cox hazards ratio (95% confidence interval) was 0.89 (0.63–1.27; P=0.52) for Composite I, 0.87 (0.63–1.19; P=0.39) for Composite II and 1.03 (0.75–1.41; P=0.87) for death from all causes. Conclusions: After adjustment for confounding variables, celecoxib was not associated with an increase of cardiovascular risk in comparison with nonselective NSAID in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis in an observational setting.
著者
Tatsuro Aikawa Tetsuro Miyazaki Kazunori Shimada Yurina Sugita Megumi Shimizu Shohei Ouchi Tomoyasu Kadoguchi Yasutaka Yokoyama Tomoyuki Shiozawa Masaru Hiki Shuhei Takahashi Hamad Al Shahi Shizuyuki Dohi Atsushi Amano Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.38315, (Released:2017-03-22)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
3

Aim: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, whether omega-3 PUFAs are involved in the pathogenesis of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) remains unclear.Methods: We analyzed 67 consecutive patients admitted for the elective surgical repair of AAA. We investigated the association of serum EPA and DHA levels as well as the EPA/AA ratio with the size of AAA assessed using three-dimensional reconstructed computed tomography images.Results: Mean patient age was 70±9 years and 60 patients were male. Serum EPA and DHA levels were 75.2±35.7 μg/mL and 146.1±48.5 μg/mL, respectively. EPA/AA ratio was 0.44±0.22, which was lower than those in healthy Japanese subject and equivalent to those in Japanese patients with coronary artery disease as previously reported. Mean of the maximum AAA diameter was 56.4±8.9 mm, and serum EPA levels and EPA/AA ratio negatively correlated with it (r=−0.32 and r=−0.32, respectively). Multiple liner regression analysis showed that EPA levels were significant independent factor contributing to the maximum AAA diameter. Furthermore, low serum EPA levels and low EPA/AA ratio were significantly associated with the growth rate of AAA diameter (r=−0.43 and r=−0.33, respectively).Conclusion: EPA levels in patients with AAA were relatively low. Low serum EPA levels and EPA/AA ratio were associated with the size and growth rate of AAA.
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0051, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
13

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF.
著者
Atsushi Hirayama Norio Tanahashi Hiroyuki Daida Naoki Ishiguro Motohiko Chachin Toshihiko Sugioka Shinichi Kawai on behalf of all ACCEPT study investigators in Japan
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.1, pp.194-205, 2014 (Released:2013-12-25)
参考文献数
35
被引用文献数
4 9

Background: A prospective, 3-year comparative observational study compared the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis prescribed celecoxib or a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID). Methods and Results: Patients prescribed celecoxib (n=5,470) or NSAIDs (n=5,059) between November 1, 2007, and July 31, 2008 in 1,084 hospitals and clinics in Japan were eligible for safety analysis. Mean (standard deviation) observation for the celecoxib group was 716 (420) days and 692 (426) days for the NSAID group (P=0.004). Composite I (adjudicated cardiovascular adverse events of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris, heart failure, cerebral infarction, cerebral hemorrhage) number of events (percentage) and rate/1,000 person years was 66 (1.2%) and 6.2 (10,745 person years), respectively, for the celecoxib and 65 (1.3%) and 6.8 (9,601 person years) for the NSAID (P=0.58) groups. Composite II (all cardiovascular events) number of events (percentage) and rate/1,000 person years was 79 (1.4%) and 7.4, respectively, for the celecoxib and 84 (1.7%) and 8.8 for the NSAID (P=0.26) group. Adjusted Cox hazards ratio (95% confidence interval) was 0.89 (0.63–1.27; P=0.52) for Composite I, 0.87 (0.63–1.19; P=0.39) for Composite II and 1.03 (0.75–1.41; P=0.87) for death from all causes. Conclusions: After adjustment for confounding variables, celecoxib was not associated with an increase of cardiovascular risk in comparison with nonselective NSAID in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis in an observational setting.  (Circ J 2014; 78: 194–205)
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.4, pp.827-834, 2016-03-25 (Released:2016-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
13

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF. (Circ J 2016; 80: 827–834)
著者
Ryo Naito Katsumi Miyauchi Hirokazu Konishi Shuta Tsuboi Manabu Ogita Tomotaka Dohi Takatoshi Kasai Hiroshi Tamura Shinya Okazaki Kikuo Isoda Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.32284, (Released:2015-11-11)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1 3

Aim: Current Japanese guidelines state the target level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) of <100mg/dL for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, this level was set considering the results of trials mainly conducted in Western countries. In addition, the effect of achieving target LDL-C on secondary prevention is unknown. Methods: We examined the effects of achieving target LDL-C on clinical outcomes. Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention at Juntendo University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan) from 2004 to 2010 and received follow-up coronary angiography (CAG) were analyzed. The study population was divided into two groups based on the follow-up LDL-C. The incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events within 3 years after the follow-up CAG was examined. Results: A total of 1321 consecutive patients were enrolled. Sixty-three percent of the patients achieved the target LDL-C. The rate of 3-year events was lower in the group that achieved the target LDL-C (achieved group). The adjusted relative risk reduction in the achieved group was 26% (p=0.02). In the sub-analysis among the four groups stratified by baseline LDL-C of 140 and follow-up LDL-C of 100, the adjusted hazard ratio for 3-year events was 1.84 (95% confidence interval; 1.10-3.24)in Group 3 (baseline <140, follow-up ≥100) and 2.05 (1.18-3.74) Group 4 (baseline ≥140, follow-up ≥100) [Group 2 (baseline ≥140, follow-up <100) as reference]. Conclusions: Our data suggested that follow-up LDL-C <100mg/dL was appropriate for secondary prevention of CAD in Japanese population.
著者
Yuji Nishizaki Shinichiro Yamagami Hitoshi Sasano Eiryu Sai Kazuhisa Takamura Toshiki Nakahara Yoshiaki Furukawa Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
日本プライマリ・ケア連合学会
雑誌
General Medicine (ISSN:13460072)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.16, no.1, pp.41-44, 2015-03-20 (Released:2015-03-27)
参考文献数
6

A 91 year-old male who was orally receiving dabigatran and digitalis for chronic arterial fibrillation was hospitalized for cerebral infarction (CI). The complications of anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding and the development of renal failure were also found, which enhanced the effect of digitalis. This enhanced drug action induced bradycardia and hypotension. The hypotension was improved by implanting a temporary pacemaker, and the neurological abnormal findings also disappeared with the improved blood pressure. In many cases, dabigatran is efficient in preventing CI, but in our case it in fact triggered a CI hemodynamically due to bradycardia and hypotension with gastrointestinal bleeding.
著者
Masaru Hiki Tetsuro Miyazaki Kazunori Shimada Yurina Sugita Megumi Shimizu Tatsuro Aikawa Shohei Ouchi Tomoyuki Shiozawa Kiyoshi Takasu Shuhei Takahashi Atsutoshi Takagi Katsumi Miyauchi Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
一般社団法人 日本動脈硬化学会
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.37424, (Released:2017-03-24)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
1

Aim: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) take part in various biological events linked to the pathogenesis of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and hypercoagulability. Several studies have demonstrated the association between PUFAs and the occurrence of VTE. However, the role of PUFAs in the pathogenesis of VTE remains unclear.Methods: We enrolled 45 patients with acute VTE and 37 age-, gender-, and body mass index-matched healthy volunteers to examine their PUFA levels. Serum omega 3 (eicosapentaenoic acid: EPA and docosahexaenoic acid: DHA) and omega 6 (dihomogammalinolenic acid: DGLA and arachidonic acid: AA) fatty acids levels were measured within 24 h of admission.Results: Patients with VTE showed significantly higher AA and lower EPA levels, and lower EPA/AA ratios than the controls. Multivariate analysis revealed that AA was an independent marker for VTE. In addition, we divided the patients based on their median age (58 years old). The younger patients with VTE showed significantly lower EPA/AA levels than their age-matched controls, whereas older patients with VTE showed a significantly higher AA/DGLA levels than the older controls.Conclusions: High serum AA levels and low EPA levels are associated with the development of acute VTE, suggesting that the imbalance of PUFAs may be a potential therapeutic target for preventing acute VTE.
著者
Hiroaki Takashima Yukio Ozaki Takeshi Morimoto Takeshi Kimura Takafumi Hiro Katsumi Miyauchi Yoshihisa Nakagawa Masakazu Yamagishi Hiroyuki Daida Tomofumi Mizuno Kenji Asai Yasuo Kuroda Takashi Kosaka Yasushi Kuhara Akiyoshi Kurita Kazuyuki Maeda Tetsuya Amano Masunori Matsuzaki for the JAPAN-ACS Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.12, pp.2840-2847, 2012 (Released:2012-11-22)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
4 5

Background: The JAPAN-ACS (Japan Assessment of Pitavastatin and Atorvastatin in Acute Coronary Syndrome) trial showed that intensive statin therapy could induce significant coronary plaque regression in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated the impact of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components on coronary plaque regression in the JAPAN-ACS patients. Methods and Results: Serial intravascular ultrasound measurements over 8–12 months were performed in 242 ACS patients receiving pitavastatin or atorvastatin. Patients were divided into groups according to the presence of MetS or the number of MetS components. Although the percent change in plaque volume (%PV) was not significantly different between the MetS (n=119) and non-MetS (n=123) groups (P=0.50), it was significantly associated with an increasing number of MetS components (component 0: −24.0%, n=7; components 1: −20.8%, n=31; components 2: −16.1%, n=69; components 3: −18.7%, n=83; components 4: −13.5%, n=52; P=0.037 for trend). The percent change in body mass index (%BMI) significantly correlated with %PV (r=0.15, P=0.021), especially in the MetS components 4 group (r=0.35, P=0.017). In addition, %BMI was an independent predictor of plaque regression after adjustment for the changes of low- and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides and HbA1c. Conclusions: The clustering of MetS components, but not the presence of MetS itself, could attenuate coronary plaque regression during intensive statin therapy in ACS patients. Therefore, to achieve a greater degree of plaque regression, it is necessary to treat to each MetS component and use lifestyle modification.  (Circ J 2012; 76: 2840–2847)
著者
Tadateru Takayama Takafumi Hiro Masakazu Yamagishi Hiroyuki Daida Atsushi Hirayama Satoshi Saito Tetsu Yamaguchi Masunori Matsuzaki The COSMOS Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.73, no.11, pp.2110-2117, 2009 (Released:2009-10-23)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
109 112

Background: It has been suggested that intensive lipid-lowering therapy using statins significantly decreases atheromatous plaque volume. The effect of rosuvastatin on plaque volume in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD), including those receiving prior lipid-lowering therapy, was examined in the present study. Methods and Results: A 76-week open-label trial was performed at 37 centers in Japan. Eligible patients began treatment with rosuvastatin 2.5 mg/day, which could be increased at 4-week intervals to ≤20 mg/day. A total of 214 patients underwent intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) at baseline; 126 patients had analyzable IVUS images at the end of the study. The change in the serum low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level from baseline to end of follow-up was -38.6 ±16.9%, whereas that of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol was +19.8 ±22.9% (both P<0.0001). Percent change of plaque volume, the primary endpoint, was -5.1 ±14.1% (P<0.0001). Conclusions: Rosuvastatin exerted significant regression of coronary plaque volume in Japanese patients with stable CAD, including those who had previously used other lipid-lowering drugs. Rosuvastatin might be useful in the setting of secondary prevention in patients with stable CAD. (Circ J 2009; 73: 2110-2117)
著者
Takuma Yoshihara Kazunori Shimada Kosuke Fukao Eiryu Sai Yayoi Sato-Okabayashi Rie Matsumori Tomoyuki Shiozawa Hamad Alshahi Tetsuro Miyazaki Norihiro Tada Hiroyuki Daida
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.79, no.7, pp.1470-1478, 2015-06-25 (Released:2015-06-25)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
11 32

Background:Dietary intake of ω3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω3-PUFAs) reduces progression of atherosclerosis and prevents future cardiovascular events. Macrophages are key players in the pathogenesis of aortic aneurysm. The effects of ω3-PUFAs on abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) formation and macrophage-mediated inflammation remain unclear.Methods and Results:The AAA model was developed by angiotensin II infusion in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice. Mice were supplemented with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The development of AAA lesions and macrophage infiltration in the aorta were analyzed. Gene expression of inflammatory markers in aortic tissues and peritoneal macrophages were measured by using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. AAA formation and macrophage infiltration were significantly suppressed after EPA and DHA administration. EPA administration and DHA administration significantly decreased the expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, transforming growth factor-β, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2, MMP-9, and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in the aortas. The expression of arginase 2, which is a marker of pro-inflammatory macrophages, was significantly lower and that of Ym1, which is a marker of anti-inflammatory macrophages, and was significantly higher after EPA and DHA administration. The same trends were observed in peritoneal macrophages after EPA and DHA administration.Conclusions:Dietary intake of EPA and DHA prevented AAA development through the inhibition of aortic and macrophage-mediated inflammation. (Circ J 2015; 79: 1470–1478)