著者
Taishi Okuno Jiro Aoki Kengo Tanabe Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Kazuhito Hirata Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Ohshima Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0995, (Released:2019-03-30)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
4

Background: Beta-blockers are standard therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, despite current advances in the management of AMI, it remains unclear whether all AMI patients benefit from β-blockers. We investigated whether admission heart rate (HR) is a determinant of the effectiveness of β-blockers for AMI patients. Methods and Results: We enrolled 3,283 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted to 28 participating institutions in the Japanese Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed by Universal Definition (J-MINUET) study. According to admission HR, we divided patients into 3 groups: bradycardia (HR <60 beats/min, n=444), normocardia (HR 60 to ≤100 beats/min, n=2,013), and tachycardia (HR >100 beats/min, n=342). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure (HF), and urgent revascularization for unstable angina, at 3-year follow-up. Beta-blocker at discharge was significantly associated with a lower risk of MACE in the tachycardia group (23.6% vs. 33.0%; P=0.033), but it did not affect rates of MACE in the normocardia group (17.8% vs. 18.4%; P=0.681). In the bradycardia group, β-blocker use at discharge was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACE (21.6% vs. 12.7%; P=0.026). Results were consistent for multivariable regression and stepwise multivariable regression. Conclusions: Admission HR might determine the efficacy of β-blockers for current AMI patients.
著者
Yousuke Hashimoto Yukio Ozaki Shino Kan Koichi Nakao Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Kazuoki Dai Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Minoru Wake Kengo Tanabe Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Oshima Satoshi Yasuda Tevfik F Ismail Takashi Muramatsu Hideo Izawa Hiroshi Takahashi Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiko Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-1115, (Released:2021-06-03)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
18

Background:The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on long-term outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the era of modern primary PCI with optimal medical therapy is still in debate.Methods and Results:A total of 3,281 patients with AMI were enrolled in the J-MINUET registry, with primary PCI of 93.1% in STEMI. CKD stage on admission was classified into: no CKD (eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2); moderate CKD (60>eGFR≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2); and severe CKD (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2). While the primary endpoint was all-cause mortality, the secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of all-cause death, cardiac failure, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Of the 3,281 patients, 1,878 had no CKD, 1,073 had moderate CKD and 330 had severe CKD. Pre-person-days age- and sex-adjusted in-hospital mortality significantly increased from 0.014% in no CKD through 0.042% in moderate CKD to 0.084% in severe CKD (P<0.0001). Three-year mortality and MACE significantly deteriorated from 5.09% and 15.8% in no CKD through 16.3% and 38.2% in moderate CKD to 36.7% and 57.9% in severe CKD, respectively (P<0.0001). C-index significantly increased from the basic model of 0.815 (0.788–0.841) to 0.831 (0.806–0.857), as well as 0.731 (0.708–0.755) to 0.740 (0.717–0.764) when adding CKD stage to the basic model in predicting 3-year mortality (P=0.013; net reclassification improvement [NRI] 0.486, P<0.0001) and MACE (P=0.046; NRI 0.331, P<0.0001) respectively.Conclusions:CKD remains a useful predictor of in-hospital and 3-year mortality as well as MACE after AMI in the modern PCI and optimal medical therapy era.
著者
Masaharu Ishihara Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Masashi Fujino Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Masaaki Uematsu Kazuhito Hirata Kengo Tanabe Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Tetsuya Tobaru Shigeru Oshima Michikazu Nakai Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa on behalf of J-MINUET Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.7, pp.958-965, 2017-06-23 (Released:2017-06-23)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
34 39

Background:According to troponin-based criteria of myocardial infarction (MI), patients without elevation of creatine kinase (CK), formerly classified as unstable angina (UA), are now diagnosed as non-ST-elevation MI (NSTEMI), but little is known about their outcomes.Methods and Results:Between July 2012 and March 2014, 3,283 consecutive patients with MI were enrolled. Clinical follow-up data were obtained up to 3 years. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, cardiac failure and urgent revascularization for UA. There were 2,262 patients with ST-elevation MI (STEMI), 563 NSTEMI with CK elevation (NSTEMI+CK) and 458 NSTEMI without CK elevation (NSTEMI-CK). From day 0, Kaplan-Meier curves for the primary endpoint began to diverge in favor of NSTEMI-CK for up to 30 days. The 30-day event rate was significantly lower in patients with NSTEMI-CK (3.3%) than in STEMI (8.6%, P<0.001) and NSTEMI+CK (9.9%, P<0.001). Later, the event curves diverged in favor of STEMI. The event rate from 31 days to 3 years was significantly lower in patients with STEMI (19.8%) than in NSTEMI+CK (33.6%, P<0.001) and NSTEMI-CK (34.2%, P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier curves from 31 days to 3 years were almost identical between NSTEMI+CK and NSTEMI-CK (P=0.91).Conclusions:Despite smaller infarct size and better short-term outcomes, long-term outcomes of NSTEMI-CK after convalescence were as poor as those for NSTEMI+CK and worse than for STEMI.