著者
Taishi Okuno Jiro Aoki Kengo Tanabe Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Kazuhito Hirata Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Ohshima Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0995, (Released:2019-03-30)
参考文献数
40

Background: Beta-blockers are standard therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, despite current advances in the management of AMI, it remains unclear whether all AMI patients benefit from β-blockers. We investigated whether admission heart rate (HR) is a determinant of the effectiveness of β-blockers for AMI patients. Methods and Results: We enrolled 3,283 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted to 28 participating institutions in the Japanese Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed by Universal Definition (J-MINUET) study. According to admission HR, we divided patients into 3 groups: bradycardia (HR <60 beats/min, n=444), normocardia (HR 60 to ≤100 beats/min, n=2,013), and tachycardia (HR >100 beats/min, n=342). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure (HF), and urgent revascularization for unstable angina, at 3-year follow-up. Beta-blocker at discharge was significantly associated with a lower risk of MACE in the tachycardia group (23.6% vs. 33.0%; P=0.033), but it did not affect rates of MACE in the normocardia group (17.8% vs. 18.4%; P=0.681). In the bradycardia group, β-blocker use at discharge was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACE (21.6% vs. 12.7%; P=0.026). Results were consistent for multivariable regression and stepwise multivariable regression. Conclusions: Admission HR might determine the efficacy of β-blockers for current AMI patients.
著者
Takayuki Inomata Yuki Ikeda Keisuke Kida Yugo Shibagaki Naoki Sato Yuji Kumagai Hisahito Shinagawa Junya Ako Tohru Izumi for the Kanagawa Aquaresis Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.82, no.1, pp.159-167, 2017-12-25 (Released:2017-12-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
13

Background:Although diuretic resistance leading to residual congestion is a known predictor of a poorer heart failure (HF) prognosis, better therapeutic strategies for effective and safe decongestion have not been established.Methods and Results:In this study, 81 HF patients with fluid retention (despite taking ≥40 mg/day furosemide (FUR)), with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m2, were randomized into 2 groups and administered either ≤15 mg/day additive tolvaptan (TLV) or ≤40 mg/day increased FUR for 7 days. Changes in urine volume between baseline and mean urine volume during treatment were significantly higher in the TLV than FUR group (P=0.0003). Although there was no significant decrease in body weight or improved signs and symptoms of congestion between the 2 groups, the increase in serum creatinine on Day 7 from baseline was significantly smaller in the TLV than FUR group (P=0.038). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that additive TLV (odds ratio 0.157, 95% confidence interval 0.043–0.605, P=0.001) was an independent clinical factor for improved renal function during treatment compared with increased FUR.Conclusions:In HF patients with residual congestion and renal dysfunction refractory to standard therapy, additive TLV increased urine volume without further renal impairment compared with patients who received an increased dose of FUR.
著者
Junya Ako Kiyoshi Hibi Kenichi Tsujita Takafumi Hiro Yoshihiro Morino Ken Kozuma Toshiro Shinke Hiromasa Otake Kiyoko Uno Michael J Louie Yoshiharu Takagi Katsumi Miyauchi
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0412, (Released:2019-08-20)
参考文献数
20

Background:In patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), alirocumab reduced the risk of recurring ischemic events. ODYSSEY J-IVUS assessed the effect of alirocumab on coronary atheroma volume in Japanese patients recently hospitalized with ACS and hypercholesterolemia, using intravascular ultrasound imaging analysis.Methods and Results:Patients (n=206) who at index ACS diagnosis either had low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) ≥2.59 mmol/L (≥100 mg/dL) despite stable statin therapy, or were not on statins with LDL-C levels above target after statin initiation, were randomized (1:1) to alirocumab (75 mg every 2 weeks [Q2 W]/up to 150 mg Q2 W), or standard of care (SoC; atorvastatin ≥10 mg/day or rosuvastatin ≥5 mg/day) for 36 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint (week [W] 36 mean [standard error] percent change in normalized total atheroma volume [TAV] from baseline) was −3.1 (1.0)% with SoC vs. −4.8 (1.0)% with alirocumab (between-group difference: −1.6 [1.4]; P=0.23). W36 absolute change from baseline in percent atheroma volume was −1.3 (0.4)% (SoC) and −1.4 (0.4)% (alirocumab; nominal P=0.79). At W36, LDL-C was reduced from baseline by 13.4% (SoC) vs. 63.9% (alirocumab; nominal P<0.0001). In total, 61.8% (SoC) and 75.7% (alirocumab) of patients reported treatment-emergency adverse events.Conclusions:In Japanese patients with ACS and hypercholesterolemia inadequately controlled despite statin therapy, from baseline to W36, a numerically greater percent reduction in normalized TAV was observed with alirocumab vs. SoC, which did not reach statistical significance.
著者
Takayuki Inomata Yuki Ikeda Keisuke Kida Yugo Shibagaki Naoki Sato Yuji Kumagai Hisahito Shinagawa Junya Ako Tohru Izumi for the Kanagawa Aquaresis Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0179, (Released:2017-08-22)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
13

Background:Although diuretic resistance leading to residual congestion is a known predictor of a poorer heart failure (HF) prognosis, better therapeutic strategies for effective and safe decongestion have not been established.Methods and Results:In this study, 81 HF patients with fluid retention (despite taking ≥40 mg/day furosemide (FUR)), with an estimated glomerular filtration rate <45 mL/min/1.73 m2, were randomized into 2 groups and administered either ≤15 mg/day additive tolvaptan (TLV) or ≤40 mg/day increased FUR for 7 days. Changes in urine volume between baseline and mean urine volume during treatment were significantly higher in the TLV than FUR group (P=0.0003). Although there was no significant decrease in body weight or improved signs and symptoms of congestion between the 2 groups, the increase in serum creatinine on Day 7 from baseline was significantly smaller in the TLV than FUR group (P=0.038). Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that additive TLV (odds ratio 0.157, 95% confidence interval 0.043–0.605, P=0.001) was an independent clinical factor for improved renal function during treatment compared with increased FUR.Conclusions:In HF patients with residual congestion and renal dysfunction refractory to standard therapy, additive TLV increased urine volume without further renal impairment compared with patients who received an increased dose of FUR.
著者
Hiroyuki Tsutsui Shin-ichi Momomura Akira Yamashina Hiroaki Shimokawa Yasuki Kihara Yoshihiko Saito Nobuhisa Hagiwara Hiroshi Ito Masafumi Yano Kazuhiro Yamamoto Junya Ako Takayuki Inomata Yasushi Sakata Takashi Tanaka Yasushi Kawasaki on behalf of the J-SHIFT Study Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0227, (Released:2019-08-08)
参考文献数
18

Background:Increased heart rate (HR) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular outcomes in chronic heart failure (HF). Ivabradine, anIfinhibitor, improved outcomes in patients with HF and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) in the SHIFT study. We evaluated its efficacy and safety in Japanese HFrEF patients in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study: the J-SHIFT study. The main objective was to confirm a hazard ratio of <1 in the primary composite endpoint of cardiovascular death or hospital admission for worsening HF.Methods and Results:Patients with NYHA functional class II–IV, left ventricular EF ≤35%, and resting HR ≥75 beats/min in sinus rhythm under optimal medical therapy received ivabradine (n=127) or placebo (n=127). Mean reduction in resting HR was significantly greater in the ivabradine group (15.2 vs. 6.1 beats/min, P<0.0001). However, symptomatic bradycardia did not occur. A total of 26 (20.5%) patients in the ivabradine group and 37 (29.1%) patients in the placebo group had the primary endpoint event (hazard ratio 0.67, 95% CI 0.40–1.11, P=0.1179) during median follow-up of 589 days. Mild phosphenes were reported in 8 (6.3%) patients in the ivabradine group and 4 (3.1%) patients in the placebo group (P=0.3760).Conclusions:The J-SHIFT study supported the efficacy and safety of ivabradine for Japanese HFrEF patients, in accord with the SHIFT study.
著者
Koutaro Yokote Junya Ako Kazuo Kitagawa Hyoe Inomata Toshihiko Sugioka Keiko Asao Yasuhiko Shinmura Junichiro Shimauchi Tamio Teramoto
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.5, pp.219-227, 2019-05-10 (Released:2019-05-10)
参考文献数
15

Background:Evolocumab is the first monoclonal antibody against proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) approved in Japan for the treatment of patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) and hypercholesterolemia (HC). This study assessed the 12-week effectiveness and safety of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering therapy by PCSK9 inhibition in patients with FH (homozygous [HoFH] or heterozygous [HeFH]) and HC by analyzing evolocumab data collected in the real-world setting in Japan.Methods and Results:Overall, 427 patients (mean±SD age, 61.6±13.8 years; female, 38.4%; 28 HoFH, 320 HeFH, 79 HC), enrolled from 299 clinical sites, were included in the safety analysis set. The major cardiovascular risk factors were coronary artery disease (77.3%), diabetes mellitus/impaired glucose tolerance (38.6%), and hypertension (65.1%). Median follow-up duration was 85.0 days. After 12 weeks of evolocumab treatment, the mean±SD percent change from baseline in LDL-C was −45.5%±27.0% (n=23) in HoFH (P<0.001 vs. baseline; t-test), −54.2%±29.0% (n=280) in HeFH (P<0.001), and −64.6%±22.4% (n=72) in HC (P<0.001) patients. The incidence of adverse drug reactions was 5.4% (23/427).Conclusions:Results suggest that patients receiving evolocumab treatment in the real-world setting were predominantly those with FH and HC in the secondary prevention group. LDL-C-lowering effectiveness with evolocumab was observed in FH (both HoFH and HeFH) and HC patients.
著者
Takuya Hashimoto Junya Ako
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0405, (Released:2018-04-28)
参考文献数
13

The 67thAnnual Scientific Session and Expo of the American College of Cardiology (ACC) were held at the Orange County Convention Center, Orlando, from March 10–12, 2018. This meeting offered 2,700 accepted abstracts presented in oral and poster sessions by 2,100 experts and 37 Late-Breaking Clinical Trials and Featured Clinical Research presentations. This report introduces the key presentations and highlights from the ACC 2018 Scientific Session.
著者
Jun Oikawa Shinichi Niwano Hidehira Fukaya Hironori Nakamura Tazuru Igarashi Tamami Fujiishi Naruya Ishizue Tomoharu Yoshizawa Akira Satoh Jun Kishihara Masami Murakami Junya Ako
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.81, no.6, pp.788-793, 2017-05-25 (Released:2017-05-25)
参考文献数
23

Background:Distinction of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) from non-PAF is important in clinical practice, but this is often difficult at the time of first documented AF. Given that fibrillation cycle length (FCL) is longer in PAF than in non-PAF, the aim of this study was to compare various clinical parameters including FCL to establish a scoring system to distinguish PAF and non-PAF.Methods and Results:The subjects consisted of 382 consecutive patients with AF on digital ECG at the present institute between 2008 and 2011. They were divided into PAF and non-PAF groups according to the following clinical course. Propensity score matching yielded 88 matched patient pairs with similar mean age and gender between the 2 groups. FCL was evaluated using customized fibrillation wave analyzer with fast Fourier transform analysis. On multivariate analysis, higher HR, longer FCL, and smaller LAD were independent predictors of PAF. For the scoring, cut-offs for each parameter were determined according to highest sensitivity and specificity on the ROC curves, and 1 point assigned for each parameter. Using this scoring system, 2 points detected PAF with 64% sensitivity and 84% specificity.Conclusions:We propose a scoring system including FCL to distinguish PAF from non-PAF. Further studies are needed to validate the results.