著者
Taishi Okuno Jiro Aoki Kengo Tanabe Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Kazuhito Hirata Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Ohshima Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0995, (Released:2019-03-30)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
1

Background: Beta-blockers are standard therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, despite current advances in the management of AMI, it remains unclear whether all AMI patients benefit from β-blockers. We investigated whether admission heart rate (HR) is a determinant of the effectiveness of β-blockers for AMI patients. Methods and Results: We enrolled 3,283 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted to 28 participating institutions in the Japanese Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed by Universal Definition (J-MINUET) study. According to admission HR, we divided patients into 3 groups: bradycardia (HR <60 beats/min, n=444), normocardia (HR 60 to ≤100 beats/min, n=2,013), and tachycardia (HR >100 beats/min, n=342). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure (HF), and urgent revascularization for unstable angina, at 3-year follow-up. Beta-blocker at discharge was significantly associated with a lower risk of MACE in the tachycardia group (23.6% vs. 33.0%; P=0.033), but it did not affect rates of MACE in the normocardia group (17.8% vs. 18.4%; P=0.681). In the bradycardia group, β-blocker use at discharge was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACE (21.6% vs. 12.7%; P=0.026). Results were consistent for multivariable regression and stepwise multivariable regression. Conclusions: Admission HR might determine the efficacy of β-blockers for current AMI patients.
著者
Noriaki Iwahashi Hironori Takahashi Takeru Abe Kozo Okada Eiichi Akiyama Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.10, pp.422-430, 2019-10-10 (Released:2019-10-10)
参考文献数
30

Background:We investigated the clinical usefulness of landiolol for rapid atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and identify the patients eligible for landiolol.Methods and Results:A total of 101 ADHF patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) with rapid AF were enrolled. Immediately after admission, an initial dose of landiolol was given (1 μg/kg−1/min−1), and then the dose was increased to decrease heart rate (HR) to <110 beats/min and change HR (∆HR) >20% in ≤24 h. Thirty-seven were monitored using right heart catheterization at 3 points (baseline, 1 μg/kg−1/min−1, and maximum dose). We checked the major adverse events (MAE) during initial hospitalization, which included cardiac death, HF prolongation (required i.v. treatment at 30 days), and worsening renal function. The average maximum dose of landiolol was 3.8±2.3 μg/kg−1/min−1. HR (P<0.0001) and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (P=0.0008) decreased safely. MAE occurred in 39 patients. The patients with left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic volume index <84.0 mL/m2and mean blood pressure (mean BP) >97 mmHg had less frequent MAE (P<0.0001).Conclusions:Landiolol was effective for safely controlling rapid AF in patients with HFrEF with ADHF, leading to hemodynamic improvement and avoidance of short-term MAE, especially in patients with relatively smaller LV and higher BP.
著者
Tomoyuki Kabutoya Takeshi Mitsuhashi Akihiko Shimizu Takashi Nitta Hideo Mitamura Takashi Kurita Haruhiko Abe Yuji Nakazato Naokata Sumitomo Kazushige Kadota Kazuo Kimura Ken Okumura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.3, no.2, pp.69-76, 2021-02-10 (Released:2021-02-10)
参考文献数
25

Background:There has been no large multicenter clinical trial on the prognosis of implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) or cardiac resynchronization therapy with a defibrillator (CRT-D) in Japanese patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The aim of the present study was to compare differences in the prognoses of Japanese patients with CAD between primary and secondary prevention, and to identify potential predictors of prognosis.Methods and Results:We investigated 392 CAD patients (median age 69 years, 90% male) treated with ICD/CRT-D enrolled in the Japan Implantable Devices in CAD (JID-CAD) Registry. The primary endpoint was all-cause death, and the secondary endpoint was appropriate ICD therapies. Endpoints were assessed by dividing patients into primary prevention (n=165) and secondary prevention (n=227) groups. The mean (±SD) follow-up period was 2.1±0.9 years. The primary endpoint was similar in the 2 groups (P=0.350).Conclusions:The mortality rate in Japanese patients with CAD who underwent ICD/CRT-D implantation as primary prevention was not lower than that of patients who underwent ICD/CRT-D implantation as secondary prevention, despite the lower cardiac function in the patients undergoing ICD/CRT-D implantation as primary prevention.
著者
Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kiyoshi Hibi Kengo Tsukahara Noriaki Iwahashi Satoshi Umemura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-1064, (Released:2013-12-03)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
3 10

Background: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) often have negative T waves (Neg T) in precordial leads at presentation, but this is also found in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) disease. Methods and Results: Differences in Neg T on admission electrocardiograms were studied between 107 patients with APE and 248 patients with ACS caused by LAD disease. All patients had Neg T in leads V1–4 and were admitted within 7 days from symptom onset. The number of leads with Neg T (4.8±1.8 vs. 5.5±1.7, P<0.001) and maximum magnitude of Neg T (3.4±2.0 vs. 4.7±3.3mm, P<0.001) were lower in APE. The frequency of occurrence of Neg T in each of the 12 leads, and the precordial lead with the greatest Neg T (peak Neg T) differed between APE and ACS (all P<0.05, respectively). APE was strongly associated with the presence of Neg T in both leads III and V1 and peak Neg T in leads V1–2. The combination of these 2 findings identified APE with 98% sensitivity, 92% specificity, and 94% predictive accuracy, which represented the highest diagnostic accuracy. Conclusions: Among patients with APE and ACS who have precordial Neg T, the presence of Neg T in leads III and V1 and/or peak Neg T in leads V1–2 simply but accurately differentiates APE from ACS.
著者
菅原 準二 木村 和男 曽矢 猛美 三谷 英夫 川村 仁 茂木 克俊 junji Sugawara Kazuo Kimura Takemi Soya Hideo Mitani Hiroshi Kawamura Katsutoshi Motegi
出版者
東北大学歯学会
雑誌
東北大学歯学雑誌 = Tohoku University dental journal (ISSN:02873915)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.9, no.1, pp.7-22, 1990-07-10
被引用文献数
5

上顎骨にまで変形が及び咬合平面の左右傾斜をきたしている重度の顔面非対称症に対しては, Le Fort I型骨切り術と下顎枝骨切り術を併用した上下顎同時移動術(Two-Jaw Surgery)が有効かつ確実な治療法である。本稿においては, 我々が日常的に行っている顔面非対称症の臨床的評価方法と, Two-Jaw Surgeryの適応症について述べるとともに, 具体例としてTwo-Jaw Surgeryを適用した3治験例についてそれらの診断および治療内容を報告する。第1症例は, 15歳11ヵ月の女子で, 咬合平面の左下がり傾斜と軽度のClassIII顎関係を有する顔面非対称症例である。第2症例は, 23歳3ヵ月の女性で, 咬合平面の右上がり傾斜と軽度のClassIII顎関係を有する顔面非対称症例である。第3症例は, 16歳6ヵ月の女子で, 咬合平面の左上がり傾斜と過大な下顎骨によるClassIII顎関係を有する顔面非対称症例である。顔面非対称の臨床的評価方法においては, 1)顔面正中線の設定, 2)歯列正中線の偏位, 3)根尖歯槽部正中線の偏位, 4)オトガイ正中線の偏位, 5)上顎咬合平面の左右傾斜度, 6)Smiling Lineにおける歯冠露出度などが重要な検討項目である。我々は, このような評価結果に基づいて, Two-Jaw Surgeryの適応症を3つのカテゴリーに大別しているが, 今回報告する3症例は, いずれも上顎咬合平面の左右傾斜が著しく, 矯正治療単独による修正が極めて困難な部類に属する患者である。
著者
Masami Kosuge Kazuo Kimura
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.5, pp.1087-1096, 2016-04-25 (Released:2016-04-25)
参考文献数
42
被引用文献数
4

The 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) is the important, initial examination for diagnosing acute coronary syndrome (ACS). In the traditional 12-lead ECG display, the precordial leads are displayed in their anatomically contiguous order, which makes it easy to understand the positional relationships between the precordial leads and the heart, but the limb leads are not. The “Cabrera sequence” displays the limb leads in an anatomically contiguous manner, which facilitates understanding of the positional relations between the limb leads and the heart, resulting in more rapid, easy, and accurate ECG interpretation than the traditional limb leads display. This review explores the clinical advantages of the Cabrera sequence as compared with the traditional limb leads display for the diagnosis of ACS. (Circ J 2016; 80: 1087–1096)
著者
Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Michikazu Nakai Yusuke Saigusa Masataka Taguri Masaomi Gohbara Toshiaki Ebina Masami Kosuge Kiyoshi Hibi Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Satoshi Yasuda Hisao Ogawa Yoshihiko Saito Naoki Nakayama Ichiro Takeuchi Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.84, no.7, pp.1140-1146, 2020-06-25 (Released:2020-06-25)
参考文献数
16
被引用文献数
1 3

Background:Low population density may be associated with high mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of population density and hospital primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) volume on AMI in-hospital mortality in Japan.Methods and Results:This is a retrospective study of 64,414 AMI patients transported to hospital by ambulances. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. The median population density was 1,147 (interquartile range, 342–5,210) persons/km2. There was a significant negative relationship between population density and in-hospital mortality (OR for a quartile down in population density 1.086, 95% CI 1.042–1.132, P<0.001). Patients in less densely populated areas were more often transported to hospitals with a lower primary PCI volume, and they had a longer distance to travel. By using multivariable analysis, primary PCI volume was found to be significantly associated with in-hospital mortality, but distance to hospital was not. When divided into the low- and high-volume hospitals, using the cut-off value of 115 annual primary PCI procedures, the increase in in-hospital mortality associated with low population density was observed only in patients hospitalized in the low-volume hospitals.Conclusions:Increased in-hospital mortality related to low population density was observed only in AMI patients who were transported to the low primary PCI volume hospitals, but not in those who were transported to high-volume hospitals.
著者
Jin Kirigaya Noriaki Iwahashi Hironori Tahakashi Yugo Minamimoto Masaomi Gohbara Takeru Abe Eiichi Akiyama Kozo Okada Yasushi Matsuzawa Nobuhiko Maejima Kiyoshi Hibi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
Japan Atherosclerosis Society
雑誌
Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis (ISSN:13403478)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.51409, (Released:2019-10-18)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
7

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of arterial stiffness assessed using Cardio-ankle Vascular Index (CAVI) on long-term outcome after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: A total of 387 consecutive patients (324 males; age, 64±11 years) with ACS were enrolled. We examined CAVI and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba PWV) as the parameters of arterial stiffness. The patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off value of CAVI determined using the receiver operating characteristic curve for the prediction of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): low-CAVI group, 177 patients with CAVI <8.35; high-CAVI group, 210 patients with CAVI ≥ 8.35. The primary endpoint was the incidence of MACE (cardiovascular death, recurrence of ACS, heart failure requiring hospitalization, or stroke). Results: A total of 62 patients had MACE. Kaplan–Meier analysis demonstrated a significantly higher probability of MACE in the high-CAVI group than in the low-CAVI group (median follow-up: 62 months; log-rank, p<0.001). Multivariate analysis suggested that CAVI was an independent predictor of MACE (hazard ratio [HR], 1.496; p=0.02) and cardiovascular death (HR, 2.204; p=0.025), but ba PWV was not. We investigated the incremental predictive value of adding CAVI to the GRACE score (GRS), a validated scoring system for risk assessment in ACS. Stratified by CAVI and GRS, a significantly higher rate of MACE was seen in patients with both higher CAVI and higher GRS than the other groups (p<0.001). Furthermore, the addition of CAVI to GRS enhanced net reclassification improvement (NRI) and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) (NRI, 0.337, p=0.034; and IDI, 0.028, p=0.004). Conclusion: CAVI was an independent long-term predictor of MACE, especially cardiovascular death, adding incremental clinical significance for risk stratification in patients with ACS.
著者
Satoshi Yasuda Satoshi Honda Misa Takegami Kensaku Nishihira Sunao Kojima Yasuhide Asaumi Makoto Suzuki Masami Kosuge Jun Takahashi Yasuhiko Sakata Morimasa Takayama Tetsuya Sumiyoshi Hisao Ogawa Kazuo Kimura on behalf of the JAMIR Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-19-0145, (Released:2019-06-14)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
1

Background:Antiplatelet therapy is the corner stone of treatment following acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Prasugrel, a new and potent antiplatelet agent, was recently introduced to clinical practice. We compared the clinical outcomes of patients with AMI treated with prasugrel with those treated with clopidogrel in real-world clinical practice in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japan AMI Registry (JAMIR) is a multicenter, nationwide, prospective registry enrolling patients with AMI from 50 institutes. Between December 2015 and May 2017, a total of 3,411 patients were enrolled. Among them, 3,069 patients were treated with either prasugrel (n=2,607) or clopidogrel (n=462) during hospitalization. Median follow-up period was 12 months. Prasugrel-treated patients were predominantly male, younger, more often showed ST-elevation AMI, and had fewer comorbidities. After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, the primary endpoint, defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, non-fatal MI and non-fatal stroke, was comparable between the prasugrel and clopidogrel groups (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.07, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67–1.72), whereas the risk of major bleeding (BARC type 3 or 5 bleeding) was significantly lower in the prasugrel group (adjusted HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.39–0.99).Conclusions:The present real-world database of the JAMIR demonstrated that the potent P2Y12-inhibitor prasugrel showed comparable rates of 1-year ischemic events to clopidogrel, but the risk of bleeding was lower with prasugrel than with clopidogrel.
著者
Masaomi Gohbara Kunihiro Nishimura Michikazu Nakai Yoko Sumita Tsutomu Endo Yasushi Matsuzawa Masaaki Konishi Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kouichi Tamura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.1, no.1, pp.20-28, 2019-01-10 (Released:2019-01-10)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
1

Background: The aim of this study was to clarify the clinical impact of activities of daily living (ADL) using the Japanese Registry of All Cardiac and Vascular Diseases-Diagnosis Procedure Combination (JROAD-DPC) database. Methods and Results: From April 2012 to March 2014, the JROAD-DPC database included 206,643 patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS; n=49,784), heart failure (HF; n=136,878), or aortic aneurysm/dissection (Aorta; n=19,981). We divided them into 3 categories with regard to age (low, 20–59 years; middle, 60–79 years; high, ≥80 years) and admission ADL (low, Barthel index [BI] 0–70; middle, BI 75–95; high, BI 100). ACS, HF, and Aorta patients with low ADL had higher in-hospital mortality rates (18.3%, 16.7%, and 33.4%) than those with middle or high ADL (P<0.001, χ2 test). On multivariable analysis, BI on admission was associated with in-hospital mortality of ACS (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), HF (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), and Aorta (OR, 0.986 per 1 BI; P<0.001), adjusted for gender, age, body mass index, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and the Charlson comorbidity index. Moreover, patients with low age and low ADL had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than those with high age and high ADL in regard to HF (8.6% vs. 6.0%). Conclusions: According to JROAD-DPC data, assessment of admission ADL is important in patients with cardiovascular disease.
著者
Masaomi Gohbara Kiyoshi Hibi Takayuki Mitsuhashi Nobuhiko Maejima Noriaki Iwahashi Shunsuke Kataoka Eiichi Akiyama Kengo Tsukahara Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Satoshi Umemura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-15-0790, (Released:2015-10-28)
参考文献数
39
被引用文献数
7 28

Background:Glycemic variability (GV) is associated with coronary plaque rupture at the culprit lesion in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The present study determined the relationship between GV and coronary plaque vulnerability in the non-culprit vessel.Methods and Results:The present prospective study involved 46 patients with first-episode acute coronary syndrome (ACS) who underwent optical coherence tomography in the non-culprit vessel. The relationship between GV, assessed with continuous glucose monitoring system, and the presence of thin-cap fibroatheroma (TCFA) at the non-culprit plaque with mild-to-moderate stenosis in the non-culprit vessel, was assessed. GV was quantified using mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (MAGE). Patients were divided into tertiles according to MAGE. TCFA was observed in 13 (28%) of the 46 patients. Fibrous cap thickness was thinner (MAGE tertiles: high, 80±40 µm; intermediate, 152±122 µm; low, 155±102 µm; P=0.01), and TCFA was more common (MAGE tertiles: high, 50%; intermediate, 27%; low, 7%; P=0.03) in patients with high MAGE. On multivariate logistic analysis high MAGE was the only significant determinant of TCFA, independent of coronary risk factors (OR, 5.000; P=0.021), homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and hemoglobin A1c(OR, 5.674; P=0.018).Conclusions:High MAGE measured early after the onset of first-episode ACS correlated with thinner fibrous cap thickness and higher prevalence of TCFA at the non-culprit plaque in the non-culprit vessel.
著者
木村 和男 菅原 準二 三谷 英夫 Kazuo Kimura Junji Sugawara Hideo Mitani 東北大学歯学部 東北大学歯学部 東北大学歯学部 Department of Orthodontics Tohoku University School of Dentistry epartment of Orthodontics Tohoku University School of Dentistry epartment of Orthodontics Tohoku University School of Dentistry
出版者
東北大学歯学会
雑誌
東北大学歯学雑誌 = Tohoku University dental journal (ISSN:02873915)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.8, no.1, pp.51-61, 1989-06-30
被引用文献数
5

頭部X線規格写真は, 時を変えて同一個体を撮影する場合, 頭部固定を全く同一条件に設定することが難しい。とくに正面写真では, 耳桿を中心とした頭部の上下方向の回転によりX線像が著しく変化するという欠点を有する。すなわち, 中心X線軸とフランクフルト平面が一致している場合のX線像と, そうでない場合のX線像とでは, 顎顔面頭蓋を構成する各骨影像の位置および形態が変化し, 読影を困難にしている。正面頭部X線規格写真に関する研究で, 頭部回転に伴うX線像変化について述べた報告は, 本橋ら1)のものをみるのみであり, 顎顔面頭蓋を構成する各骨について, 詳細に検討した報告例は見あたらない。そこで本研究では, 耳桿を中心とした頭部の上下方向の回転により, 顎顔面頭蓋を構成する各骨が, 正面写真でどのようなX線像変化をおこすのかを解明することを目的として, ヒト乾燥頭蓋骨のX線像解析を行った。研究は, ヒト乾燥頭蓋骨1体を用い, 個々の骨を各縫合部において順次分離し, その度ごとに中心X線軸とフランクフルト平面が平行な場合と, フランクフルト平面を上・下10^^。ずつ回転させた場合の正面頭部X線規格写真撮影を行った。それらを順次重ね合わせ, 消失した影像を追跡することにより各骨の影像を認識し, 頭部回転に伴う各骨の位置および形態変化を分析した。
著者
Kiyoshi Hibi Shinjo Sonoda Masanori Kawasaki Yutaka Otsuji Toyoaki Murohara Hideki Ishii Katsuhiko Sato Ryoji Koshida Yukio Ozaki Masataka Sata Yoshihiro Morino Tadashi Miyamoto Tetsuya Amano Satoshi Morita Ken Kozuma Kazuo Kimura Hisayoshi Fujiwara for the Ezetimibe-ACS Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-17-0598, (Released:2017-12-07)
参考文献数
34
被引用文献数
8

Background:The results of previous clinical trials on the effects of ezetimibe-statin combination therapy on atherosclerosis are inconsistent, and the anti-atherosclerotic effect of ezetimibe remains controversial.
著者
Yutaka Ogino Toshiyuki Ishikawa Tomoaki Ishigami Katsumi Matsumoto Junya Hosoda Kouhei Iguchi Hirooki Matsushita Yuka Taguchi Yoriko Horiguchi Kazuo Kimura
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-1018, (Released:2017-03-01)
参考文献数
21
被引用文献数
5

Background:The characteristics and prognosis of implanted pacemaker-identified new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in Japanese people has not been well evaluated.Methods and Results:A total of 395 consecutive patients with newly implanted pacemakers were retrospectively analyzed between January 2010 and December 2015 at Yokohama City University Hospital. Patients with a prior history of AF, VVI mode pacemaker, congenital heart disease, severe valvular heart disease, and cardiovascular surgery before pacemaker implantation were excluded. Among the remaining patients, 44 (21.3%) developed new AF during follow-up (mean follow-up, 1,115±651 days; range, 9–2,176 days). Patients with new-onset AF had a significantly higher CHADS2score (2.09±1.27 vs. 1.31±1.08, P<0.001) and CHA2DS2-VASc score (3.00±1.39 vs. 2.26±1.19, P<0.001) compared with those without new-onset AF. On Cox regression analysis only age at implantation was significantly correlated with new-onset AF. Interestingly, the incidence of hospitalization due to heart failure was significantly higher in the new-onset AF than in the without new-onset AF group.Conclusions:A total of 21.3% of pacemaker-implanted patients with high CHADS2and CHA2DS2-VASc scores developed new-onset AF during a mean follow-up of 3.1 years; and pacemaker-identified AF was associated with an increased risk of worsening heart failure.
著者
Masami Kosuge Toshiaki Ebina Kiyoshi Hibi Kengo Tsukahara Noriaki Iwahashi Satoshi Umemura Kazuo Kimura
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.2, pp.483-489, 2014 (Released:2014-01-24)
参考文献数
24
被引用文献数
3 10

Background: Patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) often have negative T waves (Neg T) in precordial leads at presentation, but this is also found in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) caused by left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) disease. Methods and Results: Differences in Neg T on admission electrocardiograms were studied between 107 patients with APE and 248 patients with ACS caused by LAD disease. All patients had Neg T in leads V1–4 and were admitted within 7 days from symptom onset. The number of leads with Neg T (4.8±1.8 vs. 5.5±1.7, P<0.001) and maximum magnitude of Neg T (3.4±2.0 vs. 4.7±3.3mm, P<0.001) were lower in APE. The frequency of occurrence of Neg T in each of the 12 leads, and the precordial lead with the greatest Neg T (peak Neg T) differed between APE and ACS (all P<0.05, respectively). APE was strongly associated with the presence of Neg T in both leads III and V1 and peak Neg T in leads V1–2. The combination of these 2 findings identified APE with 98% sensitivity, 92% specificity, and 94% predictive accuracy, which represented the highest diagnostic accuracy. Conclusions: Among patients with APE and ACS who have precordial Neg T, the presence of Neg T in leads III and V1 and/or peak Neg T in leads V1–2 simply but accurately differentiates APE from ACS.  (Circ J 2014; 78: 483–489)
著者
Yasushi Matsuzawa Seigo Sugiyama Koichi Sugamura Hitoshi Sumida Hirofumi Kurokawa Koichiro Fujisue Masaaki Konishi Eiichi Akiyama Hiroyuki Suzuki Naoki Nakayama Megumi Yamamuro Satomi Iwashita Hideaki Jinnouchi Kazuo Kimura Satoshi Umemura Hisao Ogawa
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-13-0549, (Released:2013-08-28)
参考文献数
29
被引用文献数
15 25

Background: Simple office-based counseling for diet and exercise does not appear to positively affect success rates in metabolic syndrome (MetS) patients. The utility of the lifestyle modification self-assessment score (Self-AS) in the improvement of endothelial function by office-based counseling for patients with MetS was investigated. Methods and Results: Patients with MetS (n=207) and age- and sex-matched individuals without MetS (n=124) were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Endothelial function was assessed using reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry index (RHI). Patients with MetS had significant endothelial dysfunction compared with those without MetS (RHI, 0.502±0.178 vs. 0.614±0.229; P<0.001). Seventy MetS patients participating in the prospective interventional study received simple office-based lifestyle modification counseling that was accompanied by Self-AS questionnaire after 10 months. RHI was significantly improved following lifestyle modifications (from 0.452±0.136 to 0.547±0.202, P<0.001). Reductions in waist circumference (R2=0.094, P=0.01) and increased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (R2=0.227, P<0.001) independently correlated with improved RHI. Self-AS significantly correlated with changes in waist circumference (r=−0.57, P<0.001) and RHI (r=0.30, P=0.02). Patients with a good achievement of lifestyle modifications (higher Self-AS) had significant improvement in endothelial function compared with those with lower scores (% change in RHI, +48.7±61.6 vs. +7.8±35.1, P=0.001). Conclusions: Good achievement of lifestyle modifications as evaluated on Self-AS significantly improved endothelial function with concomitant reductions in waist circumferences in MetS patients.
著者
Masami Kosuge Kazuo Kimura Toshiyuki Ishikawa Toshiaki Ebina Kiyoshi Hibi Kengo Tsukahara Masahiko Kanna Noriaki Iwahashi Jyun Okuda Naoki Nozawa Hiroyuki Ozaki Hideto Yano Tatuya Nakati Ikuyoshi Kusama Satoshi Umemura
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.70, no.6, pp.750-755, 2006 (Released:2006-05-25)
参考文献数
27
被引用文献数
31 33

Background The significance of inverted T waves remains unclear in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Methods and Results The relationship of the number of leads with inverted T waves to the severity of PE in 40 patients with acute PE was studied. Patients were classified into 3 groups according to the number of leads with inverted T waves on the admission electrocardiogram (ECG): 15 patients, ≤3 leads (group L); 12 patients, 4-6 leads (group M); and 13 patients, ≥7 leads (group H). In groups L, M and H, the rates of right ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography were 47%, 92% and 100% (p<0.01), respectively, and the rates of in-hospital complicated events (including death or the need for catecholamine support, cardiopulmonary resuscitation or mechanical cardiovascular support because of hemodynamic instability) were 0%, 8% and 46% (p=0.004), respectively. On multivariate analysis, arterial hypotension at presentation (odds ratio (OR) 8.96, p=0.049) and inverted T waves in ≥7 leads on the admission ECG (OR 16.8, p=0.037) were the only independent predictors of in-hospital complicated events. Conclusions The number of leads with inverted T waves may be a useful and simple marker of increased risk for early complications in patients with acute PE. (Circ J 2006; 70: 750 - 755)