著者
Kohei Takata Satoshi Imaizumi Emi Kawachi Yasunori Suematsu Tomohiko Shimizu Satomi Abe Yoshino Matsuo Hitomi Tsukahara Keita Noda Eiji Yahiro Bo Zhang Yoshinari Uehara Shin-ichiro Miura Keijiro Saku
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-14-0638, (Released:2014-10-16)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
8 48

Background:Smoking cessation reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and improves clinical outcomes in public health. We studied the effect of smoking cessation on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) functionality.Methods and Results:We randomly treated 32 smokers with varenicline or a transdermal nicotine patch as part of a 12-week smoking cessation program (The VN-SEESAW Study). The plasma lipid profiles, plasma and HDL malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, HDL subfractions as analyzed by capillary isotachophoresis, cholesterol efflux capacity, and antiinflammatory activity of HDL were measured before and after the anti-smoking intervention. After smoking cessation, HDL-C, apoA-I levels and HDL subfractions were not significantly different from the respective baseline values. However, cholesterol efflux capacity and the HDL inflammatory index (HII) were significantly improved after smoking cessation. The changes in both parameters (%∆ cholesterol efflux capacity and ∆HII) were also significantly improved in the successful smoking cessation group compared with the unsuccessful group. The changes in cholesterol efflux capacity and HII also correlated with those in end-expiratory CO concentration and MDA in HDL, respectively.Conclusions:Our findings indicate that smoking cessation leads to improved HDL functionality, increased cholesterol efflux capacity and decreased HII, without changing HDL-C or apoA-I levels or HDL subfractions. This may be one of the mechanisms by which smoking cessation improves the risk of CVD.
著者
Michikazu Nakai Yoshitaka Iwanaga Yoko Sumita Tetsuya Amano Ikuo Fukuda Tomoyasu Hirano Mami Iida Kota Katanoda Yoshihiro Miyamoto Masakazu Nakamura Keijiro Saku Takahiro Tabuchi Hiroshi Yamato Bo Zhang Hisayoshi Fujiwara
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-23-0191, (Released:2023-08-22)
参考文献数
19
被引用文献数
1

Background: Hyogo Prefecture has managed smoking ban legislation with partial restrictions in public places (Hyogo-L) since 2013. Previous studies have reported a significant decrease in admissions for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in Kobe-city, but not in other districts of Hyogo Prefecture in the 2 years after Hyogo-L. The aim of the present study was to define the long-term effect of Hyogo-L.Methods and Results: The JROAD-DPC dataset was used to collect information on the number of hospitalizations for ACS in Hyogo Prefecture, and in Osaka-city without smoking ban legislation, from April 2013 to March 2020. Poisson regression analysis was performed to calculate incident rate ratios (IRRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). ACS records of 3,101 in Kobe-city, 11,375 in areas of Hyogo Prefecture other than Kobe-city and 11,079 in Osaka-city were collected for admissions. The incidence of ACS reduced significantly over time in Kobe-city [IRR (95% CI); 0.96 (0.94–0.97)], but did not reduce in the others. The decrease in Kobe-city was observed in ACS patients without smoking, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia, but not in those with such risk factors.Conclusions: The long-term ACS reduction or non-reduction under Hyogo-L was determined at the initial period and the same scenario continued, supporting the importance of legislation and compliance with the smoking ban. The lowering effect was remarkable in ACS patients without risk factors such as non-smoking.
著者
Taishi Okuno Jiro Aoki Kengo Tanabe Koichi Nakao Yukio Ozaki Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoshi Yasuda Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Yasuharu Nakama Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Kazuhito Hirata Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Ohshima Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiro Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-18-0995, (Released:2019-03-30)
参考文献数
40
被引用文献数
5

Background: Beta-blockers are standard therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, despite current advances in the management of AMI, it remains unclear whether all AMI patients benefit from β-blockers. We investigated whether admission heart rate (HR) is a determinant of the effectiveness of β-blockers for AMI patients. Methods and Results: We enrolled 3,283 consecutive AMI patients who were admitted to 28 participating institutions in the Japanese Registry of Acute Myocardial Infarction Diagnosed by Universal Definition (J-MINUET) study. According to admission HR, we divided patients into 3 groups: bradycardia (HR <60 beats/min, n=444), normocardia (HR 60 to ≤100 beats/min, n=2,013), and tachycardia (HR >100 beats/min, n=342). The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), including all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, heart failure (HF), and urgent revascularization for unstable angina, at 3-year follow-up. Beta-blocker at discharge was significantly associated with a lower risk of MACE in the tachycardia group (23.6% vs. 33.0%; P=0.033), but it did not affect rates of MACE in the normocardia group (17.8% vs. 18.4%; P=0.681). In the bradycardia group, β-blocker use at discharge was significantly associated with a higher risk of MACE (21.6% vs. 12.7%; P=0.026). Results were consistent for multivariable regression and stepwise multivariable regression. Conclusions: Admission HR might determine the efficacy of β-blockers for current AMI patients.
著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Hiroyuki Daida Kazunori Shimada Akiko Ushijima Keisuke Kida Yuji Kono Yasuhiko Sakata Masatoshi Nagayama Yutaka Furukawa Nagaharu Fukuma Keijiro Saku Shin-ichiro Miura Yusuke Ohya Youichi Goto Shigeru Makita for the Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registration Committee
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CR-20-0087, (Released:2020-11-27)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is categorized as a Class I recommendation in guidelines for the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, nationwide studies on CR in patients with ACS remain limited in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registry is a nationwide, real-world database for patients participating in CR. From the JACR Registry database, we analyzed 924 patients participating in Phase II CR in 7 hospitals between September 2014 and December 2016. The mean age of patients was 65.9±12.0 years, and 80% were male. The prevalence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was 58%, 9%, and 33%, respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, current smoking, and a family history was 55%, 27%, 67%, 21%, and 10%, respectively. Among the entire CR cohort at baseline, 96%, 78%, and 92% were treated with aspirin, β-blockers, and statins, respectively. After CR, the values of body mass index, the lipid profile, and exercise capacity significantly improved in the STEMI, NSTEMI and UAP groups.Conclusions:In the JACR Registry, a high rate of guideline-recommended medications at baseline and improvements in both coronary risk factors and exercise capacity after CR were observed in patients with ACS.
著者
Miho Nishitani-Yokoyama Hiroyuki Daida Kazunori Shimada Akiko Ushijima Keisuke Kida Yuji Kono Yasuhiko Sakata Masatoshi Nagayama Yutaka Furukawa Nagaharu Fukuma Keijiro Saku Shin-ichiro Miura Yusuke Ohya Youichi Goto Shigeru Makita for the Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registration Committee
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Reports (ISSN:24340790)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.2, no.12, pp.715-721, 2020-12-10 (Released:2020-12-10)
参考文献数
25
被引用文献数
2

Background:Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is categorized as a Class I recommendation in guidelines for the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS); however, nationwide studies on CR in patients with ACS remain limited in Japan.Methods and Results:The Japanese Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation (JACR) Registry is a nationwide, real-world database for patients participating in CR. From the JACR Registry database, we analyzed 924 patients participating in Phase II CR in 7 hospitals between September 2014 and December 2016. The mean age of patients was 65.9±12.0 years, and 80% were male. The prevalence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina pectoris (UAP) was 58%, 9%, and 33%, respectively. The prevalence of hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, current smoking, and a family history was 55%, 27%, 67%, 21%, and 10%, respectively. Among the entire CR cohort at baseline, 96%, 78%, and 92% were treated with aspirin, β-blockers, and statins, respectively. After CR, the values of body mass index, the lipid profile, and exercise capacity significantly improved in the STEMI, NSTEMI and UAP groups.Conclusions:In the JACR Registry, a high rate of guideline-recommended medications at baseline and improvements in both coronary risk factors and exercise capacity after CR were observed in patients with ACS.
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-16-0051, (Released:2016-03-18)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
41

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF.
著者
Yousuke Hashimoto Yukio Ozaki Shino Kan Koichi Nakao Kazuo Kimura Junya Ako Teruo Noguchi Satoru Suwa Kazuteru Fujimoto Kazuoki Dai Takashi Morita Wataru Shimizu Yoshihiko Saito Atsushi Hirohata Yasuhiro Morita Teruo Inoue Atsunori Okamura Toshiaki Mano Minoru Wake Kengo Tanabe Yoshisato Shibata Mafumi Owa Kenichi Tsujita Hiroshi Funayama Nobuaki Kokubu Ken Kozuma Shiro Uemura Tetsuya Tobaru Keijiro Saku Shigeru Oshima Satoshi Yasuda Tevfik F Ismail Takashi Muramatsu Hideo Izawa Hiroshi Takahashi Kunihiro Nishimura Yoshihiko Miyamoto Hisao Ogawa Masaharu Ishihara on behalf of J-MINUET Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
pp.CJ-20-1115, (Released:2021-06-03)
参考文献数
31
被引用文献数
18

Background:The impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on long-term outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the era of modern primary PCI with optimal medical therapy is still in debate.Methods and Results:A total of 3,281 patients with AMI were enrolled in the J-MINUET registry, with primary PCI of 93.1% in STEMI. CKD stage on admission was classified into: no CKD (eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2); moderate CKD (60>eGFR≥30 mL/min/1.73 m2); and severe CKD (eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m2). While the primary endpoint was all-cause mortality, the secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE), defined as a composite of all-cause death, cardiac failure, myocardial infarction (MI) and stroke. Of the 3,281 patients, 1,878 had no CKD, 1,073 had moderate CKD and 330 had severe CKD. Pre-person-days age- and sex-adjusted in-hospital mortality significantly increased from 0.014% in no CKD through 0.042% in moderate CKD to 0.084% in severe CKD (P<0.0001). Three-year mortality and MACE significantly deteriorated from 5.09% and 15.8% in no CKD through 16.3% and 38.2% in moderate CKD to 36.7% and 57.9% in severe CKD, respectively (P<0.0001). C-index significantly increased from the basic model of 0.815 (0.788–0.841) to 0.831 (0.806–0.857), as well as 0.731 (0.708–0.755) to 0.740 (0.717–0.764) when adding CKD stage to the basic model in predicting 3-year mortality (P=0.013; net reclassification improvement [NRI] 0.486, P<0.0001) and MACE (P=0.046; NRI 0.331, P<0.0001) respectively.Conclusions:CKD remains a useful predictor of in-hospital and 3-year mortality as well as MACE after AMI in the modern PCI and optimal medical therapy era.
著者
Chuwa Tei Teruhiko Imamura Koichiro Kinugawa Teruo Inoue Tohru Masuyama Hiroshi Inoue Hirofumi Noike Toshihiro Muramatsu Yasuchika Takeishi Keijiro Saku Kazumasa Harada Hiroyuki Daida Youichi Kobayashi Nobuhisa Hagiwara Masatoshi Nagayama Shinichi Momomura Kazuya Yonezawa Hiroshi Ito Satoshi Gojo Makoto Akaishi Masaaki Miyata Mitsuru Ohishi WAON-CHF Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.80, no.4, pp.827-834, 2016-03-25 (Released:2016-03-25)
参考文献数
32
被引用文献数
41

Background:Waon therapy improves heart failure (HF) symptoms, but further evidence in patients with advanced HF remains uncertain.Methods and Results:In 19 institutes, we prospectively enrolled hospitalized patients with advanced HF, who had plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) >500 pg/ml on admission and BNP >300 pg/ml regardless of more than 1 week of medical therapy. Enrolled patients were randomized into Waon therapy or control groups. Waon therapy was performed once daily for 10 days with a far infrared-ray dry sauna maintained at 60℃ for 15 min, followed by bed rest for 30 min covered with a blanket. The primary endpoint was the ratio of BNP before and after treatment. In total, 76 Waon therapy and 73 control patients (mean age 66 years, men 61%, mean plasma BNP 777 pg/ml) were studied. The groups differed only in body mass index and the frequency of diabetes. The plasma BNP, NYHA classification, 6-min walk distance (6MWD), and cardiothoracic ratio significantly improved only in the Waon therapy group. Improvements in NYHA classification, 6MWD, and cardiothoracic ratio were significant in the Waon therapy group, although the change in plasma BNP did not reach statistical significance. No serious adverse events were observed in either group.Conclusions:Waon therapy, a holistic soothing warmth therapy, showed clinical advantages in safety and efficacy among patients with advanced HF. (Circ J 2016; 80: 827–834)
著者
Keijiro Saku Bo Zhang Keita Noda The PATROL Trial Investigators
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.75, no.6, pp.1493-1505, 2011 (Released:2011-05-25)
参考文献数
33
被引用文献数
140 92

Background: Atorvastatin, rosuvastatin and pitavastatin are available for intensive, aggressive low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering therapy in clinical practice. The objective of the Randomized Head-to-Head Comparison of Pitavastatin, Atorvastatin, and Rosuvastatin for Safety and Efficacy (Quantity and Quality of LDL) (PATROL) Trial was to compare the safety and efficacy of atorvastatin, rosuvastatin and pitavastatin head to head in patients with hypercholesterolemia. This is the first prospective randomized multi-center trial to compare these strong statins (UMIN Registration No: 000000586). Methods and Results: Patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease and elevated LDL-C levels were randomized to receive atorvastatin (10mg/day), rosuvastatin (2.5mg/day), or pitavastatin (2mg/day) for 16 weeks. Safety was assessed in terms of adverse event rates, including abnormal clinical laboratory variables related to liver and kidney function and skeletal muscle. Efficacy was assessed by the changes in the levels and patterns of lipoproteins. Three hundred and two patients (from 51 centers) were enrolled, and these 3 strong statins equally reduced LDL-C and LDL particles, as well as fast-migrating LDL (modified LDL) by 40-45%. Newly developed pitavastatin was non-inferior to the other 2 statins in lowering LDL-C. There were no differences in the rate of adverse drug reactions among the 3 groups, but HbA1c was increased while uric acid was decreased in the atorvastatin and rosuvastatin groups. Conclusions: The safety and efficacy of these 3 strong statins are equal. It is suggested that the use of these 3 statins be completely dependent on physician discretion based on patient background. (Circ J 2011; 75: 1493-1505)
著者
Toshihisa Ishida Shin-ichiro Miura Kanta Fujimi Takashi Ueda Yoko Ueda Takuro Matsuda Maaya Sakamoto Tadaaki Arimura Yuhei Shiga Ken Kitajima Keijiro Saku
出版者
International Heart Journal Association
雑誌
International Heart Journal (ISSN:13492365)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.57, no.5, pp.607-614, 2016 (Released:2016-09-28)
参考文献数
38
被引用文献数
3 8

Visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in blood pressure (BP) has been shown to be a predictor of cardiovascular events. It is unknown whether CR can improve VVV in BP as well as reducing BP. We enrolled 84 patients who had cardiovascular disease (CVD) and participated in a 3-month CR program. We measured systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and heart rate (HR) before exercise training at each visit and determined VVV in BP or HR expressed as the standard deviation of the average BP or HR. Patients who had uncontrolled BP at baseline and who did not change their antihypertensive drugs throughout the study period showed a significant reduction of both SBP and DBP with a decrease in PP after 3 months. Patients who did not change their antihypertensive drugs were divided into larger (L-) and smaller (S-) VVV in the SBP groups and L- and S-VVV in the DBP groups according to the average value of VVV in SBP or DBP. In the L-VVV in the SBP and DBP groups, VVV in SBP and DBP in the 1st month was significantly decreased after the 3rd month in both groups. HR at baseline was significantly decreased after 3 months. In addition, CR induced a significant increase in the level of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) in blood. In conclusion, CR improved VVV in BP in patients with L-VVV in BP and evoked a significant reduction in HR and an increase in HDL-C. These effects due to the CR program may be cardioprotective.
著者
Kohei Takata Satoshi Imaizumi Emi Kawachi Yasunori Suematsu Tomohiko Shimizu Satomi Abe Yoshino Matsuo Hitomi Tsukahara Keita Noda Eiji Yahiro Bo Zhang Yoshinari Uehara Shin-ichiro Miura Keijiro Saku
出版者
The Japanese Circulation Society
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.78, no.12, pp.2955-2962, 2014-11-25 (Released:2014-11-25)
参考文献数
47
被引用文献数
23 48

Background:Smoking cessation reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and improves clinical outcomes in public health. We studied the effect of smoking cessation on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) functionality.Methods and Results:We randomly treated 32 smokers with varenicline or a transdermal nicotine patch as part of a 12-week smoking cessation program (The VN-SEESAW Study). The plasma lipid profiles, plasma and HDL malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, HDL subfractions as analyzed by capillary isotachophoresis, cholesterol efflux capacity, and antiinflammatory activity of HDL were measured before and after the anti-smoking intervention. After smoking cessation, HDL-C, apoA-I levels and HDL subfractions were not significantly different from the respective baseline values. However, cholesterol efflux capacity and the HDL inflammatory index (HII) were significantly improved after smoking cessation. The changes in both parameters (%∆ cholesterol efflux capacity and ∆HII) were also significantly improved in the successful smoking cessation group compared with the unsuccessful group. The changes in cholesterol efflux capacity and HII also correlated with those in end-expiratory CO concentration and MDA in HDL, respectively.Conclusions:Our findings indicate that smoking cessation leads to improved HDL functionality, increased cholesterol efflux capacity and decreased HII, without changing HDL-C or apoA-I levels or HDL subfractions. This may be one of the mechanisms by which smoking cessation improves the risk of CVD. (Circ J 2014; 78: 2955–2962)
著者
Keita Noda Bo Zhang Atsushi Iwata Hiroaki Nishikawa Masahiro Ogawa Takashi Nomiyama Shin-ichiro Miura Hideto Sako Kunihiro Matsuo Eiji Yahiro Toshihiko Yanase Keijiro Saku on behalf of the STYLIST Study Investigators
出版者
日本循環器学会
雑誌
Circulation Journal (ISSN:13469843)
巻号頁・発行日
vol.76, no.6, pp.1335-1344, 2012 (Released:2012-05-25)
参考文献数
30
被引用文献数
10 15 4

Background: Dietary habits are associated with obesity, and both are important contributing factors to lifestyle-related diseases. The STYLIST study examined the effects of dietary counseling by registered dietitians and the delivery of proper calorie-controlled meals (UMIN Registration No: 000006582). Methods and Results: Two-hundred adult patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus were randomly divided into 2 groups with/without dietary counseling and consumed an ordinary diet for 4 weeks. Each group was then subdivided into 2 groups with/without dietary counseling and received calorie-controlled lunch and dinner boxes for the next 4 weeks. The calories in the delivered meals were based on the subject's ideal body weight (BW) and physical activity level. BW, waist circumference, blood pressure, and laboratory data, including glycoalbumin, were measured at 0, 4, and 8 weeks. BW and the other parameters were significantly reduced during the study period in patients who received diet counseling in the ordinary diet period and/or delivered meal period but not in patients without dietary counseling, as assessed by linear mixed models for longitudinal data. Conclusions: The combination of dietary counseling by dietitians and delivery of calorie-controlled meals was effective in reducing BW, as well as blood pressure and glycoalbumin, in patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. (Circ J 2012; 76: 1335-1344)