- 文教大学国際学部紀要 = Journal of the Faculty of International Studies Bunkyo University (ISSN:09173072)
- vol.27, no.2, pp.1-16, 2017-01-31
The purpose of this paper is to examine some key concepts of Dorothy Smith’s feminist sociologythrough reading her early study, “Institutional Ethnography: A Feminist Research Strategy” (Smith1987:151-179). In this article she re-raised the classical sociological issue about the relationshipbetween people’s local and particular experience and extra-local and general social relations, andsuggested an alternative sociology that explores how the everyday world of people’s experience isput together by social relations that extend beyond the everyday world. She argued that traditionalsociological method of inquiry translates people’s own knowledge of the world of their everydaypractices into the objectified knowledge to make everyday world accountable within sociologicaldiscourse. On the other hand, her sociology locates the starting point of inquiry within people’s actualexperience and their own knowledge. The key concepts of her sociology, such as ‘the everyday worldas problematic’ ‘standpoint of women’ ‘institutional ethnography’ ‘work knowledge’, make visible howpeople are connected into the extended social relations of ruling from people’s standpoints. Throughexamining these concepts, this paper develops the method of sociological inquiry into knowing thesocial from people’s actual everyday world.